Skip to main content

Full text of "Eckerd College General Catalog 1986-88"

See other formats








i ■■• •"■' , ' 


i > 









Introduction Page 1 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Academic Program 5 

Descriptions of Courses and Majors ... 23 

Fall Term and Spring Term 23 

Autumn Term and Winter Term .... 84 

Campus and Student Life 86 

Admission 91 

Financial Aid 94 

Expenses 100 

Faculty 105 

Administration 108 

Board of Trustees 109 

Index 112 

Calendar of Events 114 

Correspondence Directory 117 


Eckerd College, a coeducational college of the 
liberal arts and sciences, awards the Bachelor 
of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees. It is 
related by covenant to the Presbyterian Church 
U.S.A., and fully accredited by the Southern 
Association of Colleges and Schools. The cam- 
pus is located on 267 acres of tropical water- 
front property in a suburban area of St. 
Petersburg, Florida. 

The school was founded in 1958 as Florida 
Presbyterian College, and admitted its first 
students in 1960. In 1972 the college's name 
was changed to honor Jack M. Eckerd, a prom- 
inent Florida civic leader and business man 
whose gifts and commitments to the institution 
have helped to insure its continuing excellence. 
More than 3,000 graduates are seeking to lead 
lives of leadership and service in communities 
throughout the world. 


This catalog is designed to give a comprehen- 
sive picture of Eckerd College. We are proud 
of what we have achieved, and welcome the 
reader to join us in an exciting and continuing 
educational adventure. As you read this doc- 
ument, you should be aware of certain basic 
commitments which have guided the college's 
history and planning. These commitments 
and the efforts to achieve them have enabled 
Eckerd College to be distinctive among the 
3,000 colleges and universities in the United 


The primary purpose of the educational pro- 
gram is to foster the personal development of 
each student. We seek to prepare students for 
the basic responsibilities of life, and especially 
for competent, humane leadership and ser- 
vice. We are vitally concerned with the de- 
velopment of whole persons, and therefore 
encourage the intellectual, spiritual, cultural, 
social, emotional and physical growth of each 
student. While education is a lifelong process, 
the Eckerd experience is designed to assist 
students to go beyond the limitations imposed 
by ignorance, narrowness, conformity, self- 
centeredness, and irresponsibility. Our aims 
are to help individuals achieve excellence in 
thought and conduct; and to spark their imag- 
ination about future possibilities. 


Eckerd College seeks to combine the Christian 
faith and liberal education in the belief that a 
Christian college is better able to contribute to 
individual development than any other type of 
college. To give focus to its Christian com- 
mitment, the college maintains an active cov- 
enant relationship with the Presbyterian 
Church, U.S.A.; however, the college com- 
munity is not narrowly sectarian. It includes 
among its faculty, students and staff individ- 
uals of many denominations, faiths and points 
of view. 

As a church-related college community, we 
seek to give the Christian faith a full hearing in 
a setting where students are free to accept or 
reject, but not ignore it. Confident in the belief 
that all truth is of God, we seek to develop an 

atmosphere of free and open inquiry into all 
aspects of faith and knowledge. Our aim is to 
assist students to clarify their beliefs, assess 
their values, and learn to act responsibly on 
the basis of their convictions. 


The relatively small size of the Eckerd student 
body allows numerous opportunities for close 
personal relationships between students and 
faculty. Each Eckerd student has a faculty 
academic adviser, known as a "Mentor," who 
seeks to facilitate the total growth of students 
and helps them to get the most out of their 
college years. 

Because the faculty is committed to the pri- 
mary importance of teaching, it has developed 
a reputation for excellence in the teaching of 
undergraduates. Many Eckerd College faculty 
members are engaged in primary scholarship 
and artistic creativity and wherever possible 
seek to involve students in these enterprises. 
The intention of the faculty is to provide an 
educational environment characterized by high 
expectation, personal attention and enthusi- 
asm for learning. 


While Eckerd College is committed to helping 
students develop competence in a specific field 
of study, it is equally committed to general 

The general education program is designed to 
provide a foundation for lifelong learning by 
helping students to develop a love for learning, 
acquire an informed awareness of the major 
elements of their cultural heritage, explore 
various perspectives on the central concerns 
of human existence, assume increased respon- 
sibility for their own growth, and master the 
skills that are necessary to understand and 
deal with a rapidly changing and increasingly 
complex world. 

The general education program for entering 
Freshmen is made up of the autumn term pro- 
ject, composition, computation, foreign lan- 
guage, and the Western Heritage sequence in 
the first year; one course in each of four value - 
oriented perspectives in the second and third 
year; and a course in the Judaeo-Christian 
perspective and an integrating issue-oriented 
seminar in the Senior year. 


The commitment to individual development 
include s a commitment to helping students pre - 
pare themselves for a vocation. Through more 
than thirty formal majors and pre-professional 
programs, opportunities are available to develop 
the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary 
for successful careers. In addition, through 
independent study and individually designed 
areas of concentration, students are encour- 
aged to supplement and adapt the formal 
curriculum to their particular interests and 

The college recognizes that significant learning 
can occur in a variety of settings. Internships, 
jobs, and other off-campus learning experi- 
ences both in this country and abroad enable 
students to integrate theory and practice, and 
help them to clarify their values and career 
choices. Because they are committed to a par- 
ticipatory educational process, faculty engage 
students in the learning of science, theatre, 
management and other disciplines by doing. 

The aim is to assist each student to become a 
self-directed, competent, humane person cap- 
able of making a significant contribution to 


There is a rich diversity among Eckerd Col- 
lege students which is educationally desirable. 
Students come to campus from more than 40 
states and 30 foreign countries. They enroll 
from urban, suburban and rural areas; from 
developed and developing countries; and from 
a variety of cultural, ethnic and religious back- 
grounds. The cosmopolitan nature of the 
Eckerd campus enriches the total educational 
experience as students learn from each other. 

Built upon this diversity is a sense of com- 
munity based upon common objectives, con- 
cerns and experiences. Academic interests 
provide the basis for a sense of community, 
which is enhanced by worship, student activ- 
ities, athletic events, concerts, lectures and 
other opportunities for shared experiences. 
Because most students reside on campus, they 
have the enriched experiences that occur when 
people are learning both how to learn and how 
to live together. 


Eckerd College is nationally known for pio- 
neering new programs designed to deal directly 
with the varying needs of college students. It 

has shown the will to improve education, and 
the vision and courage to take steps that will 
facilitate the growth of students. Many of its 
programs of interdisciplinary study, indepen- 
dent study, international education, values 
inquiry, and student orientation and advising 
have become models for other educational 
institutions. Within the context of its objectives 
as a church-related college of the liberal arts 
and sciences, it continues to seek better ways 
of meeting its commitments. 


Every student upon entering Eckerd College 
is asked to sign a promise to uphold the follow- 
ing statement of Shared Commitment: 

The choice to join the community of scholars 
of Eckerd College commits each student to 
the essential values and standards embodied 
in the mission and objectives of this church- 
related college of liberal arts and sciences. 
Inherent in this commitment is the respon- 

1. To use one's abilities and opportunities to 
pursue personal and academic growth and 

2. To exercise humanity and respect for human 
dignity in attitudes and relationships. 

3. To conduct oneself with integrity and re- 
sponsibility in academic work and as a citizen 
of the college community. 

4. To respect the rights and property of other 
students and their need for an environment 
conducive to scholarly work. 

5 . To respect the rights and property of Eckerd 
College and to protect its reputation as a 
college of distinction with a student body of 
high quality. 

6. To respect and learn from human differences 
and diversity of ideas and opinions. 

7. To seek out opportunities for leadership 
and service in preparation for a life of com- 
petent giving. 

Each student's commitment to these ideals 
obligates that student to abide by and uphold 
all college regulations concerning student 
behavior and to work with other students to 
prevent the following behaviors, which most 
seriously threaten the freedom and respect 
which Eckerd students enjoy: 

1. Academic Dishonesty 

2. Chronic Interference with the Right to Study 

3. Willful Destruction of Property 

4. Theft 

5. Personal Violence 

6. Bigotry 

7. Disruptive Intoxication 

Thus all students share a commitment of ex- 
cellence and humanity and to the creation of a 
college community in which they can take 


Since Eckerd College (then known as Florida 
Presbyterian College) opened its doors, it has 
earned a reputation for creating new and better 
opportunities for learning. Eckerd has been 
consistently rated among the top ten percent 
of American colleges and universities. 

The college looks for superior methods of 
educating its students, not in order to be dif- 
ferent, but to offer a more rewarding and useful 
educational experience. 

For example, you have probably come across 
such expressions as "4-1-4," "winterim," "mini- 
term," "interim," or "winter term." (All of them 
mean essentially the same thing: separating 
the two terms of an academic year with a one- 
month period of independent study.) The winter 
term is an Eckerd College concept. This in- 
novation was created and tested first on the 
Eckerd College campus; then other colleges 
found it so exciting that they adopted it. 

Since the creation of the winter term in 1960, 
Eckerd has discovered and implemented other 
innovative ways of teaching. Perhaps the best 
way of providing you with an understanding of 
the Eckerd experience is to take you on a 
"verbal tour" of the academic program. 


Shortly after you have been accepted as an 
Eckerd student, you will receive material about 
selection of a Mentor. The original Mentor was 
the guide and companion of Odysseus. As you 
are, in a sense , embarking on your odyssey, it is 
fitting that you have your own Mentor. 

Throughout your career at Eckerd, you will 
have continuing support and counsel from a 
faculty Mentor, who is more than the conven- 
tional faculty adviser. Mentors are faculty 
members who have been specially trained to 
help you in your academic program, career 
planning, and personal growth. You choose 
your own Mentor before you enter Eckerd, 
from a descriptive list of Mentors and projects. 
In your Freshman year you will take at least 
one course from your Mentor, and together 
you will work out the rest of your academic 
program for the first academic year. 

When you become an upperclass student, you 
may choose a new Mentor — a specialist in 
your area of academic concentration. The two 
of you will continue to plan your academic 

program, including independent and directed 
studies, internships, off-campus programs, 
work experience, career planning, foreign study, 
and the many other options that Eckerd offers. 


Eckerd College follows a modified 4-1-4 cal- 
endar. The fall and spring semesters are fourteen 
weeks in length, and are each followed by 
examination periods. Courses during the sem- 
ester are offered for the full fourteen weeks, 
and ordinarily a full-time student will enroll 
for four of these courses each semester. 

The three-week autumn term for Freshmen 
occurs prior to the beginning of the fall semester, 
while the four week winter term (January) falls 
between the two regular semesters. During 
these shorter terms, students will enroll for no 
more than one academic project at a time. This 
format provides for independent investigation 
of a topic in a concentrated manner. 


As a Freshman, you will start your Eckerd 
College experience in mid-August, when you 
enroll for autumn term. In contrast to the usual 
Freshman orientation of two or three days, 
autumn term lasts three weeks. It is designed 
for Freshmen only, and provides an intensive 
foretaste of college living and academic work. 

During autumn term you will take one academic 
project, for credit, from your Mentor. This 
project is stimulating in content, teaches basic 
academic skills, and focuses on the interdis- 
ciplinary nature of learning. The course will 
give you a clear idea of what is expected of you 
at Eckerd. Autumn term provides an excellent 
opportunity for certain kinds of interest and 
competency testing that will allow you to begin 
your academic program in courses that are 
best suited to your current stage of develop- 

You will also learn a great deal about living, 
working and playing in a college community. 
The student Resident Adviser in your residence 
hall will be on hand during autumn term to 
help you make the transition into college life. 
In fact, the entire staff of the college and the 
autumn term faculty will participate with you 
in periods of inquiry, reflection and fun. The 

sense of community that develops will assist 
you to take full advantage of the opportunities 
and resources available on campus. By the 
time the upperclass students return in Sep- 
tember, you will be well established in campus 

For more information about autumn term see 
page 84 


An important part of your studies throughout 
your career at Eckerd College will be in general 

During your Freshman year you will take two 
classwide interdisciplinary courses called 
Western Heritage I and II that will explore the 
cultural riches of the past. Your discussion 
sections in these courses will be led by your 
Mentor. In addition you will be expected to 
demonstrate writing competency by satisfac- 
tory performance on a writing proficiency 
exercise; take one college level computation 
course or demonstrate competency by exam- 
ination; and take one year of a foreign language 
or demonstrate competency at the first year 
level by examination. 

During your Sophomore and Junior years you 
will choose four courses, one from a list of 
options in each of four broad perspectives on 
human existence :the aesthetic, cross-cultural, 
environmental and social relations. The courses 
will be distributed over four collegia so as to 
provide involvement with significantly different 
modes of inquiry. 

Seniors will take a course that will focus on 
historical and contemporary issues from the 
Judaeo-Christian perspective, and a senior 
seminar focusing on the search for solutions to 
important issues that they are likely to face 
during their lifetimes. 


Winter term is a special four-week period in 
January that emphasizes independent study. 
You may enroll in projects designed by pro- 
fessors, or design your own with the sponsorship 
of a professor. 

All winter term projects must have academic 
merit and are judged by rigorous standards. A 
typical project requires you to select a subject, 
gather information, organize it, and present it 
as a paper, a short story, a painting, a perfor- 
mance, or a piece of equipment. Freshmen 
may take a winter term in addition to autumn 
term, and substitute a fifth winter term for one 

of the 32 courses required for graduation. The 
winter term in the Senior year is usually spent 
working on a comprehensive examination or 
senior thesis or project required for completion 
of a major. 

Many colleges have followed Eckerd College's 
example in adopting a winter term program, 
making it possible to exchange students and to 
increase the range of projects offered. Eckerd 
College also cooperates with other 4-1-4 col- 
leges in sponsoring winter term projects abroad 
or in major cities and interesting locations in 
the United States. Many winter term projects 
include at least eight contact hours per week, 
which meets the Veteran's Administration stan- 
dards for full tuition benefits. 

For more information about winter term see 
page 84 


During the past few years, educators have be- 
come aware that the traditional division of 
learning into academic "departments" is not 
necessarily the best way to organize the edu- 
cational process. Increasingly popular among 
colleges is the interdisciplinary major, in which 
the student combines courses from two or 
more departments to form an individual aca- 
demic program. At Eckerd, we have established 
interdisciplinary "collegia," which encourage 
new combinations of studies and demonstrate 
the interrelatedness of knowledge. 

The word "collegium" goes back to medieval 
days, when it meant a fellowship of equals (i.e.; 
persons communicating without artificial 
obstacles to discourse) pursuing a common 
objective (which in Eckerd's case is learning). 
The word vividly describes what we are trying 
to do: to bring you (the student) together with 
a highly knowledgeable person (the professor) 
in an atmosphere where you can debate freely, 
challenge one another's viewpoints, learn to- 

In a collegium, subjects are grouped according 
to the intellectual discipline required to master 
them. You learn mathematics and physics in 
similar ways, for example; but you learn dance 
differently, and a foreign language in still another 

Eckerd faculty members choose to affiliate 
with a particular collegium, depending upon 
their approach to their subject. You will do the 
same. At the end of your Freshman year you 
will focus upon a major or area of concentration 
and affiliate with the collegium that best suits 
your perception of that study. 

Your concentration does not have to lie in a 
single field, such as history or biology. You can 
create your own concentration by combining 
those studies that will help you achieve your 
career or professional goal. For example, if you 
wish to become an environmental economist, 
you can combine economics and biology, thus 
creating your own concentration to fit your 
own goal. The collegium concept makes this 
interdisciplinary approach to learning a natural 
one that is easy to accomplish. 

Eckerd sees the members of a collegium — 
students and faculty alike — as partners in 
learning. Professors bring high expectation to 
the learning process; students are expected to 
become independent learners and researchers, 
able to take maximum advantage of their pro- 
fessors' strong qualifications. Each collegium 
has its own decision-making group, composed 
of professors and students, which gives stu- 
dents an important voice in the academic 
decisions of the college. 


Eckerd College provides a special, perhaps 
unique, program for all Freshmen through the 
Foundations Collegium. This is the first-year 
home for students, helping them to establish a 
foundation for their upper-level studies. The 
collegium's program includes four important 

1. Autumn Term. Freshmen arrive in mid- 
August to take a three -week course before the 
opening of the fall semester early in September. 

During this time , they also complete their te sting, 
orientation, and registration. Freshmen choose 
from 15 projects limited to about 20 students 
each. The professor for that course will be the 
Mentor for those students. 

2. The Mentorship. Eckerd College has ex- 
panded the notion of the academic adviser to 
allow more help, care, and encouragement to 
its students. Each Freshman has a Mentor 
from the faculty who helps to guide him or her 
through the Freshman year. 

3. Western Heritage. All freshmen are re- 
quired to take Western Heritage I (fall) and 
Western Heritage II (spring). These courses 
explore central concepts and materials of 
Western civilization and introduce Freshmen 
to the themes of Eckerd College's general ed- 
ucation program, the aesthetic, cross-cultural, 
environmental, and social relations perspectives. 
Western Heritage courses are interdisciplinary, 
using lecture and discussion formats. The dis- 
cussion sections are the same groups, with the 
same instructor, as the autumn term groups. 

4. Skills Development. Every student must 
demonstrate proficiency, or take courses to 
develop skills, in composition, computation 
and foreign language. For more details see 
page 16 under Degree Requirements, and under 
Composition in the course listings. Foundations 
also provides a Writing Laboratory to assist 
students with their writing. 

At the end of the Freshman year, students 
choose an upper-level collegium and a new 
Mentor; any students still unsure of what to 
choose can get help from the Foundations office 
and/or Career Counseling. 



Members of the Behavioral Science Collegium 
believe that the urgent problems of today — 
racism, environmental pollution, overpopula- 
tion, world hunger and crime — are problems 
of human behavior. Therefore, there is much 
to be gained by developing methodological 
and conceptual tools to better understand both 
individual and collective behavior. Students 
will take introductory courses in psychology or 
sociology as well as a course in statistical 
methods. In addition, courses are available in 
the fields of economics, sociology, psychology, 
management, political science, business admin- 
istration, finance, accounting and marketing. 


The Collegium of Comparative Cultures seeks 
to promote an understanding of the breadth of 
human cultural achievements through lan- 
guages, area studies, and related disciplines. 
The Collegium serves as both a window and a 
gateway to the cultures of the world: a window 
for those who learn in the classroom from pro- 
fessors who have lived and studied in other 
cultures; a gateway for those who wish to visit 
these cultures after preparatory study on cam- 
pus. Language study in French, German, Italian, 
Japanese, Spanish, or Russian can be integrated 
into a major program, an interdisciplinary con- 
centration with another discipline (such as 
management, political science, or comparative 
literature), or it may simply serve to round out 
a student's liberal arts program. Some students 
prefer to plan their studies around a particular 
area of the world. In such cases, the Inter- 
national Education office gives assistance in 
planning appropriate study-abroad experiences. 
Comparative Cultures graduates have chosen 
careers in teaching, interpreting, foreign ser- 
vice, religious vocations or international busi- 

is given high priority. The Collegium has a 
human development section composed of 
psychology, human resources, leisure and re- 
creation, and education. Also included are 
programs of art, music, theatre and dance, and 
the writing workshop. Students will be encour- 
aged to design interdisciplinary majors, to 
undertake independent work, to apply know- 
ledge in the community, and to make education 
exciting and enjoyable. 


The Collegium of Letters is composed of stu- 
dents and faculty who have in common an 
interest in human beings, past and present — 
their history, literary and artistic products, 
religious commitments, political involvements, 
and philosophical groupings. The study of who 
we are by looking at what we are doing and the 
works and institutions created by our prede- 
cessors provides the relevance, vitality, and 
excitement of our program. This humane in- 
terest has value in and of itself. In addition, it 
provides a fundamental background for a wide 
variety of futures — vocational or through 
professional and graduate schools — as the 
experience of our graduates attests. 


The Collegium of Natural Sciences brings to- 
gether biologists, chemists, environmentalists, 
earth scientists, marine scientists, computer 
scientists, mathematicians, physicists, and 
those interested in the health professions, in- 
cluding medicine, veterinary medicine, den- 
tistry and medical technology. 

The major emphasis of the Collegium is on the 
development of the skills of observation, ex- 
perimental design, problem-solving, research 
and the study of the principles and concepts 
that are necessary to successful scientific in- 
vestigation. The programs in the natural sci- 
ences are geared to provide students with 
information and techniques that can be applied 
to the problems of a changing society. 


The Creative Arts Collegium is dedicated to 
assisting the development of the creative nature 
in each person. Freedom with responsibility is 
found to be vital in the creative person and this 



Both to express and to implement the breadth 
of the college's educational mission, there are 
three co-curricular areas in which each student 
is expected to participate in significant ways 
during the undergraduate years: service, ca- 
reer exploration, and physical activity. 
Together, these areas of expected participation 
constitute the co-curricular program, which 
is intended to provide strong positive induce- 
ment for educational achievements that lie for 
the most part outside the formal academic 
curriculum, achievements that contribute di- 
rectly to the college's goal of developing com- 
petent givers whose lives will be characterized 
by leadership and service. The expectations 
are as follows: 

Service. Each student shall have and find 
opportunities on and off campus to engage in 
significant service activities that help the stu- 
dent to develop leadership and other inter- 
personal skills, make a significant contribution 
to the welfare of others and encourage a lifelong 
commitment to service. 

Career Exploration. Each student shall have 
and find opportunities to explore in a system- 
atic way the relationship of the undergraduate 
experience to the world of work and the stu- 
dent's occupational skill and interests, to apply 
and thus enhance acquired knowledge in career 
related situations, and to establish enduring 
beneficial relationships with persons engaged 
in occupations or professions related to the 
student's interests. Such opportunities include 
internships, practica, research, studio work, a 
variety of other practice-oriented experiences 
offered through the major or concentration or 
through other programs of the college, or self- 
initiated activities. 

Physical Activity. Each student shall have 
and find opportunities to engage in organized 
or self -initiated activities that help the student 
to develop an awareness of the importance of 
physical well-being and to acquire skills that 
contribute to good physical condition. 

Each student is free to choose the kinds of 
achievements and experiences that would 
meet each expectation. In each category, activ- 
ities which are part of an approved course, or 
directed or independent study, may earn aca- 
demic credit. An underlying expectation is 
that each student will come to Eckerd with the 
intention to develop a planned program of 
participation and achievement in each of the 
three co-curricular areas, and thus a total co- 
curricular program that both supplements and 
enlivens the classroom experience. 

The Co-Curricular Record 

As a reflection of the fact that the co-curricular 
program is a significant dimension of the pro- 
gram of the college, each student has an official 
co-curricular record that is maintained in the 
Office of Student Affairs, which has primary 
responsibility for the co-curricular program. 
Entries on this record must be consistent with 
the categories approved by the faculty, may be 
made only at the student's request and with 
the approval of the Dean of Students, and are 
limited to names of activities, leadership posi- 
tions held, and honors received. The intent is 
twofold: to enable the student to compile an 
official record of response to college co-cur- 
ricular expectations, and to provide the student 
with credentials that may be used to supplement 
the academic transcript in application for jobs, 
graduate work, fellowships, and other post- 
graduate opportunities. Like the academic 
transcript, the co-curricular record is released 
outside the college only with the student's 
permission, and neither the academic tran- 
script nor the co-curricular record makes ref- 
erence to the other. 


The library supports the educational mission 
of the college by providing facilities, resources 
and services designed to enhance the student's 
learning experience. The primary goal of the 
library staff is to help students achieve com- 
petency in making use of available knowledge. 
In this constantly changing and increasingly 
complex world the ability to locate and use 
needed information has become a crucial skill. 
Instruction in the effective use of library re- 
sources begins in the Freshman level Western 
Heritage course and progresses through upper- 
class levels where students are encouraged to 
make use of sophisticated computer technol- 
ogy by searching in online databases. During 
all four years the emphasis is on providing, 
through frequent interaction between student 
and librarian, the personal attention that makes 
for a learning experience of quality. 

Conveniently located in the center of campus, 
the library provides an open and inviting en- 
vironment for study and leisure reading. Quiet 
carrels and carpeted lounge areas are inter- 
spersed throughout the open stack book col- 
lection. A typing room is available for those 
who do not have their own typewriters, and for 
those desiring personal copies of printed or 
microfilmed materials, coin operated copying 
machines are available. 

Designed to meet the basic needs of under- 
graduate students, the library's book collection 
contains approximtely 105,000 volumes. Peri- 
odical subscriptions number 900 with a total 
of 20,000 bound volumes. New materials 
designed to meet both the curricular and rec- 
reational reading needs of students are con- 
stantly being acquired and cataloged. Each 
year over 3000 books are carefully selected by 
instructors and librarians for inclusion in the 
collection. To augment the college's own hold- 
ings, the library participates in the Southeastern 
Library Network which provides computerized 
interlibrary loan access to several thousand 
libraries throughout the United States. 





Eckerd College regards liberal education as 
essential to thorough professional training and 
unites a broad freedom of student choice with 
graduate education in a number of fields: for 
law and medical school, medical technology, 
the ministry, engineering, elementary and 
secondary education, management, business 
administration, and selected public service, 
human resources and community professions. 

Eckerd seeks to provide pre-professional ex- 
perience through intensively supervised intern- 
ships rather than by professional and pre- 
professional courses that tend to limit the scope 
and quality of liberal education. The teacher 
education program, described immediately 
following, exemplifies the application of this 
principle . Students in management take certain 
specialized courses, such as accounting, and 
prepare themselves through internships care- 
fully planned with the Mentor of the manage- 
ment program. Similarly, human relations 
occupations involve a thorough liberal arts 
base, to which are added supervised field and 
employment experiences designed to meet the 
particular interest and need of the student. 




The Eckerd College Teacher Education faculty 
seek to develop competent and humane leaders 
for the teaching profession. The Director of 
Teacher Education is responsible and ac- 
countable for all teacher education programs: 
elementary certification, early childhood 
certification, secondary certification, 
grades 7-12, K-12 certification in art and 
music. For certification requirements in these 
programs, see page 39 under "Education" in 
the course listings. 

The Florida legislature has mandated entrance 
requirements for all teacher education pro- 
grams in the State. To be eligible to apply to 
the Eckerd College Teacher Education pro- 
gram, students must have combined S.A.T. 
scores of 900, and both verbal and mathematics 
scores must exceed 450. Students must have 
earned a minimum grade point average of B or 
2.8 on all college level work. A college level 
mathematics course is required also of all 

Teacher program graduates seeking regular 
certification in Florida are required to pass the 
Florida Teacher Certification Examination and 
successfully complete the Florida Beginning 
Teacher Program. For further information 
about the policies and procedures for admis- 
sion into the Teacher Education Program, 
contact the Director of Teacher Education 
and request a copy of The Student Teaching 


Eckerd College's Human Resources Institute 
includes the Human Resources Management 
program which studies the activities by which 
individual organizations and societies provide 
the behaviors to realize their objectives; the 
Human Resources Measurement program 
which studies the processes used to evaluate 
human resource management and activity; and 
the Human Resources Association which facil- 
itates cooperative relationships between the 
Institute and organizations interested in ad- 
vancing human resources management and 
measurement research. 

The Institute was initially organized at the 
University of Michigan in 1969 by William 
Pyle. It moved to Eckerd College in 1986 when 
Dr. Pyle joined the faculty as professor of 
management and Director of the Human Re- 
sources Institute. Since its inception, over one 
hundred Fortune 500 and other major firms in 
the U.S. and abroad have sought to advance 
personnel and human resources management 
and measurement research through their 
financial support of the Institute. 

The Institute works closely with Eckerd Col- 
lege's academic programs including the Col- 
lege's concentration in Personnel and Human 
Resources Management by involving students 
in its industry research projects and encourag- 
ing its business and industry association mem- 
bers to provide students with work experience, 
internships, and career opportunities. 



The engineering and applied science program 
is designed for students who wish to combine a 
broad, values-oriented knowledge base with 
one of many fields of engineering or applied 
science. Students may pursue a career in many 
engineering disciplines (for example: electrical, 
civil, chemical, industrial aerospace, textile, 
nuclear, biomedical or health systems), in en- 
gineering mechanics, systems engineering, or 
one of several other applied sciences. 

Students apply to Eckerd College for regular 
admission and spend three years at Eckerd 
taking mathematics and science courses that 
will qualify them to enter an engineering pro- 
gram at the Junior level. The detailed curricu- 
lum depends on the student's choice of engi- 
neering college and specific degree program. 

Upon successful completion of the three-year 
portion of the program (requirements of grade 
point average vary somewhat) and recommen- 
dation of Eckerd College, a student is admitted 
to an engineering college, where the dual-degree 
requirements may normally be completed in 
two years. The student is then awarded degrees 
from both Eckerd College and the engineering 

At present, Eckerd cooperates in dual-degree 
programs in engineering and applied science 
with Washington University (St. Louis), Au- 
burn University, Columbia University and 
Georgia Institute of Technology. Students 
may also apply to engineering schools with 
which we do not have formal agreements. Many 
engineering schools accept transfer students. 
Several such schools have supplied us with 
advice and information on which courses would 
best prepare students to transfer into engi- 
neering at the Junior level. 

Due to the sequential prerequisite require- 
ments, it is vital for dual degree candidates to 
obtain counseling early in their career at E ckerd 


Eckerd College provides an Army Reserve 
Officer's Training Program through a cross- 
enrollment agreement with the University of 
South Florida at St. Petersburg. Students who 
complete the program, which consists of four 
courses in military science, a weekly leadership 
laboratory, and one summer camp, are com- 
missioned in the United States Army. All 


students may take the courses in military 
science for elective credit. The ROTC program 
is open to both men and women, and scholar- 
ships are available on a competitive basis to 
qualified Sophomores, Juniors and Seniors. 


The purpose of the Writing Center is to en- 
hance student learning by helping them to 
become more organized in investigating and 
more articulate in formulating ideas. Working 
closely with the Foundations Collegium, the 
staff and tutors of the Writing Center aid stu- 
dents who wish to improve writing skills and 
competence in research. Assistance is offered 
on an individual basis as well as in composition 


Eckerd College believes that a liberally edu- 
cated person should be at home in other cultures, 
and we try to give every student the chance to 
study abroad. The Eckerd College London 
Study Centre is permanently staffed and 
supervised by Eckerd faculty members; we 
also have semester programs in Florence, Italy, 
and are affiliated with the Institute for Ameri- 
can Universities in France, and Stetson Uni- 
versity in Spain and Germany. 

Winter Term Abroad 

Eckerd 's annual winter term offerings overseas 
each January are nationally recognized. Many 
students choose to take their winter term pro- 
jects in London, and we also organize programs 
in locations such as Austria, Mexico, Crete, 
Italy, Jamaica, Russia, and the Caribbean. 

Semester Abroad 

Varied locations and curricula provide semester 
opportunities for students in almost all areas 
of concentration. Programs are available in 
Florence, London, Aix-en-Provence or Avignon, 
Madrid, and Freiburg. 

Year Abroad 

Eckerd has exchange arrangements with two 
universities in Japan: Kansai Gaidai (Univer- 
sity of Foreign Studies) in Osaka, and Nanzan 
University in Nagoya. 

The Office of International Education counsels 
with students in an effort to provide individuals 
with study abroad programs best suited to 
their particular academic needs. 



Our academic calendar permits off-campus 
study for periods of one month (January), one 
semester (14 weeks), and up to a full academic 
year. Upper-class students are encouraged to 
take advantage of programs and facilities not 
available at Eckerd through the off -campus 
program. It is possible to participate in group 
projects with a faculty leader or to contract 
independent studies of the student's own 
design. During winter term (January), group 
projects such as an archaeological dig in the 
southwest, government operations in Wash- 
ington, D.C., or urban problems in Chicago are 
possible. Independent projects for individual 
students have been undertaken in industry, 
the Argonne Laboratories, marine research, 
and at an Indian reservation. The winter term, 
through cooperation with other schools having 
a similar calendar, provides for intensive pro- 
jects on other campuses throughout the United 

The Off-Campus Programs office assists stu- 
dents in making arrangements, preparing con- 
tracts, and providing information and ideas 
related to various choices. The project subject 
matter must determine the particular off- 
campus location chosen. 


Eckerd College provides an opportunity for 
qualified students to earn a semester of credit 
in an academic, scientific and practical experi- 
ence leading to a realistic understanding of the 
sea, sponsored by the Sea Education Asso- 
ciation, Inc. 

Students spend the first half of the semester 
(the six-week shore component) in Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts, receiving instruction in ocean- 
ography, nautical science and maritime studies. 
They then go to sea for the second half of the 
semester (the six -week sea component) aboard 
the R/V Westward for a practical laboratory 
experience. For course descriptions see page 
76 . Eckerd College tuition and scholarship aid 
can be applied toward the cost of Sea Semester. 
For more information, contact the Office of 
International Education and Off- Campus 

Eckerd College has been committed to inter- 
national education since its inception. While 
we continue to provide opportunities for stu- 
dents to enrich their education abroad (see 
International Education page 12 ) one need go 
no further than the campus itself to experience 
a truly cosmopolitan environment. The Inter- 
national Student Affairs office sponsors sup- 
port programs and activities for students 
coming from more than 40 different nations to 
pursue a variety of studies here. There are two 
distinct groups of international students at 
Eckerd College: those who study in the English 
Language Service Center and those who are 
degree-seeking students. 

These international students enrich the campus 
environment with their diverse cultural origins 
and ethnic backgrounds by providing face-to- 
face opportunities for cross-cultural exchange 
in classroom and other settings. The breadth 
of this experience is celebrated annually during 
the Festival of Cultures with exhibits, enter- 
tainment and ethnic delicacies from around 
the world. 



A liberal education should not be considered 
separate from the economic, social and polit- 
ical realities of life. With increasing insistence, 
employers and professional associations are 
asking career-minded students to relate fun- 
damental education in liberal arts fields to 
long-range plans. Further, they stress the value 
of a solid liberal arts background for business 
or professional careers. 

Woven into your academic program during 
your four years at Eckerd is a program to help 
you examine your career and professional goals. 
The Career-Service Program offers one or 
more of a variety of experiences: one-to-one 
and group diagnostic career counseling to 
assist in making decisions which integrate aca- 
demic programs, career planning and general 
lifestyle; internship and field experience place- 
ments which involve unpaid work experiences 
of observation either with a professional person 
or in a special social environment; paid work 
experiences related to current academic studies 
and long-range career goals; discipline intern- 
ships such as teacher education, community 
studies, leisure studies, or management; and 
placement services to assist you in finding 
part-time and summer employment while in 
school, but primarily to enable you to select 
either the appropriate post-graduate education 
or the vocational career that fits your personal 
aptitudes, desires, and objectives. 


The summer term is an eight-week term con- 
sisting of two four-week sessions. Courses are 
available in Session A, Session B, and/or 
through the full eight-week summer term. A 
preliminary announcement of courses and fees 
is published in early April; more detailed 
course descriptions are available in mid -April. 
Regularly enrolled Eckerd student and stu- 
dents enrolled and in good standing at other 
colleges and universities are eligible for ad- 
mission. High school students who have com- 
pleted their Sophomore year and present 
evidence (usually a recommendation from 
principal or counselor) of their ability to do 
introductory level college work, are eligible for 
admission with a scholarship which covers 
50% of the regular tuition. Summer term rates 
are slightly reduced from academic year tui- 
tion levels. Students entering Eckerd in the 
summer with the intention of becoming degree 
candidates must make formal application for 
admission to the Dean of Admissions. 

It is possible to enroll in three courses in 
summer term, one in Session A, one in Session 
B, and one through the duration of the eight- 
week term. Summer courses may replace 
courses missed during the academic year or 
accelerate graduation. Additional information 
about summer term courses may be obtained 
from the Dean of Special Programs. 


The Program for Experienced Learners (PEL) 
is a degree-completion program designed 
specifically for adult learners who are strongly 
motivated, yet have career or personal obliga- 
tions which keep them from enrolling in a more 
traditional degree program. Because of the 
flexible and personal nature of the program, 
most students are able to continue working 
full-time while pursuing the bachelor's degree. 
The program is accredited by the Southern 
Association of Colleges and Schools and confers 
the same degrees which are awarded through 
the residential program. 

PEL was founded on the belief that learning 
does not necessarily have to take place in a 
formal classroom setting. When experiential 
learning is relevant to academic goals, it should 
be recognized in a meaningful way. 

PEL students have been awarded college credit 
for a variety of prior learning experiences in- 
cluding: career-oriented learning, technical 
training, professional development seminars 
and courses, community activities, volunteer 
work, previous college work, and other mean- 
ingful personal efforts. The main requirements 
are that such prior learning be comparable to 
college-level coursework, be well documented, 
and be applicable to the student's chosen 
degree program. 

Depending upon the student's background 
and experience, a maximum of 2 7 courses could 
be awarded. Since the bachelor's degree 
requires a minimum of 36 courses, this repre- 
sents a substantial savings of time and money. 

Admissions Requirements 

Qualities such as personal commitment, perse- 
verance and self -discipline are necessary for 
success in PEL. 

Basically, the guidelines for admission are: 

1. Applicants must be at least 25 years of 


2. Applicants must have a high school diploma 
or high school equivalency diploma. College 
experience is desirable and transfer credit 
will be awarded when coursework is rele- 
vant to career goals. 

3. Applicants should possess a high degree of 
personal motivation and sincerity. Although 
the program is very flexible, ultimate suc- 
cess will depend upon the student's own 
initiative and strong desire to earn the 

Meeting Degree Requirements 

In addition to meeting some degree require- 
ments through experiential learning and trans- 
fer credit, other course requirements may be 
met in a variety of ways. PEL provides five 
eight-week terms at the main campus and in 
Clearwater during the academic year. Directed 
and independent study courses provide an 
option for PEL students in meeting degree 
requirements. These courses, designed by 
faculty members, require neither class partic- 
ipation nor campus residence. The student 
works closely with the faculty member through- 
out a course. Other ways of meeting degree 
requirements for PEL students include tutorial 
courses, travel/study programs, and regular 
campus courses. 

Major and Degrees 

PEL students are awarded the same degree 
conferred in the residential degree program. 
The PEL degree preserves the basic features 
of the Eckerd College program by emphasizing 
the liberal arts as part of everyone's education, 
but also recognizes the importance of relating 
general knowledge to special career concerns. 

A number of degree programs are particularly 
well suited to the PEL approach. Management 
and Business Administration concentrations 
can coordinate job experience with theory in 
the college curriculum. A major in Human 
Resources readily makes use of professional 
involvement in health services, community ser- 
vice, and the helping professions. 

Financial Aid 

Financial aid is available to qualified PEL 
students. Several types of aid are available 
including the Pell Grant, Florida Tuition 
Voucher, Federally Insured Student Loan and 
VA benefits. 

Another popular form of financial assistance is 
through tuition reimbursement programs spon- 
sored by private corporations and government 

agencies. Many PEL students have found that 
their employers are very cooperative in helping 
to meet their college expenses. 

For More Information 

Additional information on financial aid, ad- 
missions requirements, and the Program for 
Experienced Learners may be obtained by 
writing: Program for Experienced Learners, 
Eckerd College, P.O. Box 12560, St. Petersburg, 
FL 33733. Or call: (813) 867-1166, ext. 226, 
and one of our counselors will be glad to help 




The Academy of Senior Professionals at 
Eckerd College (ASPEC) is an integral unit of 
the college devoted to the promotion of con- 
tinuing liberal education, scholarly activity, 
writing, study, and the development of indi- 
vidual or group projects of importance to mem- 
bers, to the college, and to the community. 

ASPEC is a unique organization composed of 
a group of mature men and women who have 
had distinguished careers in education, religion, 
business, the arts and sciences, government 
service, the armed forces, medicine, dentistry, 
law, architecture, social services and similar 
professional endeavors. By means of publica- 
tions, lectures, colloquia, convocations, and 
the like, members continue to contribute to 
human knowledge. Through frequent associ- 
ation with faculty members and with students, 
members contribute their knowledge and 
experience, and receive in return fresh view- 
points and ideas. Some ASPEC members 
participate in teaching, always, however, on 
the invitation of the faculty members con- 

ASPEC is designed for those who wish during 
their retirement to expand their intellectual 
horizons, enrich their cultural experiences, 
make constructive contributions to society, or 
pursue their own interests in association with 
congenial colleagues. Although they may have 
retired from their careers, members are not 
willing to retire their minds. Within the multi- 
generational educational community of Eckerd 
College, ASPEC members continue to grow 
and to contribute to society and the college. 

Some members reside within commuting dis- 
tance of the campus. Others will live in housing 


units in College Harbor, the retirement center, 
or in College Landings, the condominium res- 
idences now under construction on the campus. 
Inquiries should be addressed to: Director, 
Academy of Senior Professionals, Eckerd 
College, St. Petersburg, Florida 33733. 



In order to graduate from Eckerd College, a 
student must spend at least two years, includ- 
ing the Senior year, in the college or in an 
approved off-campus program. 

Any student who wishes to request an exemp- 
tion from or a modification of an all-college 
requirement may petition the Dean of Faculty 
using forms available in the Office of the 
Registrar. Petitions must include detailed 
reasons for the request, and receive prior 
approval from the student's Mentor and col- 
legial chairperson. 

Unless modified in individual cases by action 
of the Educational Policy and Program Com- 
mittee and the Dean of Faculty, the following 
requirements must be fulfilled by all students 
in order to qualify for formal recommendation 
by the faculty for the Bachelor of Arts de- 

1. The satisfactory completion of a minimum 
of 32 courses, plus an autumn term in the 
Freshman year and a winter term project 
in each subsequent year. 

a. A Freshman may take a winter term in 
addition to autumn term, and substitute 
that winter term for one of the 32 

b.The winter term project in the Senior 
year normally consists of the preparation 
for comprehensive examinations, theses 
or projects. 

2. Writing competency: satisfactory perform- 
ance on a writing proficiency exercise taken 
at the beginning of the student's first term 
of enrollment. Students who achieve compe- 
tency on the initial exercise will be excused 
from the required composition courses. 
Students who do not satisfactorily pass 
the writing proficiency examination will be 
required to enroll in an appropriate com- 
position course during their first term of 
enrollment. The proficiency requirement 
will be met if a student earns a grade of C or 
better in this course and satisfactorily. 


passes the proficiency reexamination at 
the end of the course. If competence is not 
achieved at the end of the first course, an 
additional composition course will be re- 
quired in each subsequent semester until 
the required proficiency is achieved. (Native 
speakers of English may take two com- 
position courses for credit; non-native 
speakers of English may take three com- 
position courses for credit.) 

3. Computation (normally in the Freshman 
year): one college level mathematics, com- 
puter science, formal logic or statistics 
course, or one course that uses the com- 
puter as a major learning tool, designated 
by an M, may be satisfied by passing an 
appropriate proficiency examination ad- 
ministered by the college. 

4. Foreign language (normally in the Freshman 
year): one year of foreign language at the 
college level, or the equivalent as demon- 
strated by a college administered profi- 
ciency examination. 

5. Western Heritage I and II, WHF 181 
and 182. Students for whom English is a 
second language and who have not resided 
in the mainland U.S. for more than two 
years may substitute WHF 183C U.S. 
Area Studies for Western Heritage I, 
which shall also fulfill the requirement for 
a course within the Cross-Cultural Per- 
spective. There is a special section of 
Western Heritage II for international stu- 

6. Four courses (normally in the Sophomore 
and Junior years), one each from a list of 
options in the following four areas: the 
Aesthetic Perspective, the Cross-Cul- 
tural Perspective, the Environmental 
Perspective, the Social Relations Per- 
spective, distributed over four different 
upper division Collegia. A term of study 
abroad also fulfills the Cross-Cultural Per- 
spective. Courses fulfilling these require- 
ments are indicated by the appropriate 
letter following the number. See the course 
descriptions for a listing of these courses. 

7 . One course in the Senior year in the Judaeo- 
Christian Perspective. 

8. One senior seminar within the collegium of 
the student's major focussing on the search 
for solutions to important issues that stu- 
dents are likely to confront during their 

9. The completion of a major (from the list of 
35 majors formally approved by the faculty), 
or an independently designed area of con- 
centration. The area of concentraton must 

be approved by three members of the fa- 
culty, with an approved study plan filed in 
the Registrar's office no later than fall 
semester of the Junior year. 

10. The satisfactory completion in the Senior 
year of a comprehensive examination, 
thesis, or creative project in the major or 
area of concentration with a grade of C or 

Students transferring to Eckerd College 
as Sophomores are considered exempt from 
Western Heritage, the computation and foreign 
language requirements. Students transfer- 
ring as Juniors are also considered exempt 
from any two of the four Sophomore/Junior 

The following requirements must be fulfilled 
by students in order to qualify for formal recom- 
mendation by the faculty for the Bachelor of 
Science degree: 

1. The satisfactory completion of the general 
course and all-college requirements as out- 
lined in sections 1-10 above. 

2. Completion of a major or area of concen- 
tration in one of the natural sciences or 
mathematics, including the satisfactory 
completion of at least sixteen courses in 
the Natural Sciences Collegium, including 
not more than one of the four required 
perspective courses. 

Students majoring in the natural sciences or 
mathematics may earn the Bachelor of Arts 
degree by completing at least twelve but fewer 
than sixteen courses in the Natural Sciences 
Collegium, including not more than one of the 
four perspective courses. 

For either the B.S. or the B.A. degree, students 
majoring in the natural sciences or mathemat- 
ics may substitute specified courses outside 
the Collegium to satisfy the minimum require- 
ment for courses within the Collegium. Inter- 
ested students should consult their Mentors 
for information on gaining approval for such 


The Honors Program at Eckerd College pro- 
vides enhanced opportunities for independent 
study and research to students of outstanding 
ability. Selected students are brought together 
for close interaction and advanced work, such 
studies receiving permanent recognition on 
the students' transcripts. 

A special brochure is available from the Dean 
of Admissions concerning the four years of the 
Honors Program but a brief description follows. 
First-year Honors students meet for special 
sessions of the college's two Freshman core 
courses, Western Heritage I and II, for which 
an extra course credit is awarded. The second 
and third years of the Honors Program center 
around Honors courses in four areas or per- 
spectives, these being the Aesthetic, the Cross- 
Cultural, the Environmental, and the Social 
Relations Perspectives. Seniors in the Honors 
Program participate in a colloquium in which 
they present their Senior thesis research, cre- 
ative projects, or their work for comprehensive 

Students normally apply to the Honors Program 
in the spring before their anticipated fall enroll- 
ment. A faculty committee selects students for 
the approximately twenty spaces available in 
each class, with the selection criteria including 
high school record, standardized test scores, 
and teacher recommendations. Interested 
students are encouraged to write the Dean of 
Admissions for additional information. 



At Eckerd College efforts are made to tailor 
programs of study to the particular needs and 
interests of individual students. To help guide 
students with the selection of courses, the 
faculty has approved a number of disciplinary 
and interdisciplinary majors. In most cases, 
the faculty members associated with each major 
have prescribed minimum course require- 

ments for the major. Brief descriptions of 
majors are included under each discipline 
heading in the course description section of 
this catalog. Students desiring more specific 
information about major programs should 
consult their Mentors, collegial chairpersons 
and discipline coordinators. A list of the faculty- 
approved majors follows. 

American Studies 


Business Administration/ 


Comparative Literature 
Computer Science 
Creative Writing 

Elementary Education 
Environmental Studies/ 

Earth Sciences 

Human Resources 


Students desiring to design their own programs 
of study are encouraged to develop an individ- 
ualized area of concentration in cooperation 
with their Mentors. The proposed plan of study 
must ultimately be approved and have iden- 
tified with it a specific committee of at least 


Marine Science 
Modern Languages 



Political Science 
Religious Studies 
Russian Studies 
Visual Arts 

three faculty members. The approved study 
plan must be filed in the Registrar's office 
early in the Junior year. A major or concentra- 
tion may require no more than 12 courses in 
one discipline, and no more than 16 courses 


Credit toward a degree is awarded for satis- 
factory course completion, independent study 
projects, directed study programs, academic 
work certified by another accredited degree- 
granting institution, and proficiency demon- 
strated by examination. 

Ordinarily credit is earned by course com- 
pletion. A normal full-time academic load is 
eight courses plus an autumn term in the 
Freshman year and eight courses plus a winter 
term project in each subsequent year. 

Credit may be earned through independent 

study by students who exhibit both the self- 
discipline and mastery of the methodologies 
demanded by the subject matter selected by 
the student. An independent study project is 
designed by a student in consultation with the 
professor who is to supervise and evaluate the 
work. An academic contract, drawn in advance, 
specifies the subject and method of inquiry, 
the texts, the purpose of the project, and the 
basis of evaluation and credit. Each contract 
must be approved by the Director of Inde- 
pendent Study. Independent study options 
are available for both on and off-campus 
opportunities. Freshmen are not permitted to 

take off-campus independent studies. Inde- 
pendent study forms are available from the 

Provision is also made for credit by directed 
study. Both independent study and directed 
study require advance planning by the instruc- 
tor and student. While initiative rests with the 
student for design of independent study, in 
directed study the instructor is responsible for 
supplying a syllabus which defines the program. 
Directed study syllabi are available from the 

Credit is granted by transfer from accredited 
degree-granting institutions, up to a limitof 16 
courses, plus one autumn and one winter term. 
A student entering Eckerd College should 
request that a transcript of work done in other 
institutions be sent to the Registrar. When the 
transcript has been evaluated, the applicant is 
notified of the credit accepted by transfer. 
Eckerd College students who wish to enroll for 
part of their programs at other institutions 
should have the approval in advance of their 
Mentors, appropriate discipline faculty, and 
the Registrar. For more information on transfer 
credit, please see page 92. 

Credit for demonstrated proficiency is 
awarded when a student applies for it with the 


Registrar and successfully completes appro- 
priate examinations. College Level Exam- 
ination Programs are recognized for both 
advanced placement and academic credit. For 
more information on CLEP, see page 93 

The college recognizes that many experiences 
outside the classroom may contribute to a stu- 
dent's program. Internships, participation in 
community projects, and field experience may 
be accorded credit if closely coordinated with 
the student's academic program. Such exper- 
ience ordinarily constitutes a part of a regular 
course or independent study project. 


The standard grading system of the college is 
A (Superior Work), B (Good Work), C (Satis- 
factory Work), D (Poor Work), and F (Unac- 
ceptable Work). All courses in which a grade of 
C or higher has been earned shall count toward 
fulfilling degree requirements. A course in which 
a D grade is earned may fulfill degree require- 
ments only when a grade of B or higher is 
earned in another full course. 

A grade of I (Incomplete) indicates that all 
course requirements are not complete by the 
end of the term and that, in the j udgment of the 
instructor, extension of deadline is appropriate. 
Unless an earlier deadline is set by the in- 
structor, a student will have thirty days into 
the next regular semester to complete the 
required work. If the work is not completed by 
that time, or the shorter deadline imposed by 
the instructor, the Incomplete will auto- 
matically become an F. 

In case of formal voluntary withdrawal before 

the end of the eighth week of a semester, a 
grade of W is recorded. If withdrawal occurs 
after that point, a grade of F is recorded. A W 
that results from an involuntary withdrawal 
must be validated with the Registrar at the 
time of withdrawal or as soon thereafter as 

A Credit/No Credit grading option is avail- 
able in each course/project for students who 
are at least second semester Freshmen. Stu- 
dents desiring this grading option must petition 
for the approval of the course instructor, the 
Mentor, and the Educational Policies and Pro- 
gram Committee. Petitions must be submitted 
prior to the beginning of a semester or term. 
Grades of Credit and No Credit cannot be 
subsequently changed to letter grades. 

All grades are reported to students and entered 
on the official record of the college. Grades of 
F will not be removed from the transcript. A 
notation will be recorded on the transcript of 
any substitute grade earned. Students may 
not repeat a course for credit onless they receive 
a D, need to repeat the course in order to 
progress in sequence, and have the approval of 
the instructor and academic dean. 

Grade reports are mailed to students and 
parents/guardians after January 15 for the 
autumn term and fall semester; after June 15 
for the winter term and spring semester. 


Students are expected to attend all classes in 
courses for which they are registered. There is 
no college-wide attendance requirement, but 
individual instructors may impose attendance 
requirements in particular courses. 




Normal progress toward graduation is the 
completion of four courses each semester and 
a short term each year with grades of C or 


At the close of each semester the Academic 
Review Committee shall review the progress 
of every student who fails a course, receives a 
voluntary withdrawal (referred to hereafter by 
W), has more D than grades of B or better, is on 
academic probation, or is otherwise identified 
as not making satisfactory academic progress. 
Mentors, instructors and student personnel 
staff may be consulted. The Committee may 
place on probation or dismiss any student who 
in its judgment is not making satisfactory 
academic progress. In making such judgments 
the Committee shall be guided by the following 
standards and notify the Financial Aid office 
of each financial aid recipient affected. 


A student who accumulates two or three F 
grades, or a combinaton of F and W grades 
that results in falling behind normal progress 
by two to five courses, or one more D than B or 
better grades, shall be place on academic 

Students placed on academic probation shall 
be notified of this action by the Academic 
Review Committee and advised of how to 
remove the probationary status. 

Students may enroll in up to four courses per 
semester during the probation period. 

Students admitted on probation may have 
no more than two F or W grades in their first 
semester and must have at least one C or better 
in order to enroll for a second semester. 


A student who accumulates four F grades, or a 
combination of F and W grades that results in 
falling behind normal progress by six courses, 
or four more D than B or better grades, in 
addition to being placed on probation, shall be 

notified that he or she is subject to dismissal 
for any additional F, D or W. 

Students may enroll in up to four courses per 
semester while subject to dismissal. 




A student placed on probation or subject to 
dismissal as a result of F and W grades for a 
second consecutive semster, or as a result of D 
grades for a fourth consecutive semester, shall 
be suspended form participation in college 
sponsored extracurricular activities, and the 
directors of the activities notified, so that the 
student may devote full time to study. 


Probationary status shall remain in effect until 
the student completes four courses in Eckerd 
College in one semester with C or better grades 
and the overall number of B or better grades at 
least equals the number of D grades. 


A student who accumulates five or more F 
grades, or a combination of F and W grades 
that results in falling behind normal progress 
by seven courses or more, or five or more D 
than B or better grades, shall be dismissed for 
at least one semester. 

Students dismissed for academic reasons shall 
be notified in advance of the next regular 
semester by the Academic Review Committee. 
This notice shall also advise the student whether 
and, if so, when and how to be considered for 

To apply for readmission after dismissal, a 
student should write to the Dean of Students, 
who shall obtain the approval of the Dean of 
Faculty as chair of the Academic Review 
Committee before authorizing readmission. 


A student who is readmitted after having been 
dismissed for a limited period of time for aca- 
demic reasons shall be admitted on probation, 
but shall be dismissed again if he or she accum- 
ulates an additional two F grades, or a combin- 
ation of F and W grades that results in falling 
behind normal progress by more than two 
courses, or three more D than B or better 


Probation: any one of the following 
2 or 3 F grades 

F and/or W grades that result in falling 
behind by 2 to 5 courses 
1 to 3 more D than B or better grades 

Subject to Dismissal: any one of the following 
4 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling 

behind by 6 courses 
4 more D than B or better grades 


5 F grades 

F and/or W grades that result in failing 

behind by 7 courses 
5 more D than B or better grades 

Second Dismissal: any one of the following 
Additional: 2 F grades 

F and/or W grades that result in 
falling behind by 3 courses 
3 or more D than B or better 


Withdrawal from the college at any time is 
official only upon the completion of the with- 
drawal form available in the Registrar's office. 
Requests for readmission following withdrawal 
should be sent to the Dean of Students. Stu- 
dents may withdraw to enroll in another college 
for courses not available here but important to 
the student's total program. Such courses may 
be transferred upon the student's return, but 
must be approved in advance by the Mentor, 
discipline faculty and Registrar. Students re- 
questing a withdrawal should consult with the 


The Dean's List is published following the fall 
semester and the spring semester and includes 
students who completed four courses with a 
grade point average of 3.75. Students with 
incomplete grades at the time of publication 
are not eligible. 


Eckerd College awards diplomas with honors 
to a few students in each graduating class. 
Criteria are entirely academic and include 
performance in courses, independent study 
and research, and on the comprehensive exam- 
ination, thesis or project. Accomplishment in 
the complete college program is honored rather 
than in a major, concentration, or discipline 
alone. The Honors/ Awards Committee calls 
for nomination for honors from individual 
faculty members. Honors are conferred on 
recommendation of the committee. 


Registration dates are listed in the calendar 
at the back of this catalog. Upon completion of 
procedures as outlined in registration materials, 
the student's registration is approved by the 
business office and the Registrar. Students 
who preregister late will be charged a $30 fee. 
Proof of payment must accompany the regis- 

All courses for which the student wishes to 
register for credit must be listed on the official 
registration form. The student is responsible 
for every course listed and can receive no 
credit for courses not listed on this form. 
After registration day, official changes in 
study lists may be made only through offi- 
cial drop/add cards approved by the in- 
structors whose courses are involved. 
Unless a course is officially dropped, a 
grade of F will be incurred if the student 
fails to meet the obligations of the course. 
No course may be added after the drop/add 
deadlines which are printed in the calendar in 
the back of this catalog. 


Any regularly registered full-time student may 
audita course without fee, subject to permission 
of the instructor. Part-time students or students 
not registered for credit may attend courses as 
auditors subject to formal permission of the 
instructor and payment of an auditor's fee of 
$230. Entry is made on the student's permanent 
record concerning audited classes. A course 
taken for audit may be changed to credit with 
the instructor's permission, if the change is 
filed with the Registrar by the end of the eighth 
week of a semester. 




(Alphabetically by Discipline) 
Meaning of Letters and Numbers 

1 . The first two letters indicate the discipline 
offering the course. 

2. the third letter indicates the collegium. 
A-Creative Arts; L-Letters; C-Compara- 
tive Cultures; B-Behavioral Science; N- 
Natural Sciences; F-Foundations; I-Inter- 
national (offered abroad). 

3. Interdisciplinary courses are indicated by 
the collegial designations: CRA-Creative 
Arts, BEB-Behavioral science, CUC-Com- 
parative Cultures, LTL-Letters, NAN- 
Natural Sciences, FDF-Foundations, INI- 
a course offered abroad. 

4. The first digit of the three numbers indi- 
cates the level of the course: 1 and 2 indi- 
cate a course at the Freshman or Sophomore 

level; 3 and 4 indicate a course at the Junior 
or Senior level. 

The second and third digits are used at 
the discretion of the collegium. 
331-332 indicates Special Topics 
410 indicates a Senior Seminar 

498 indicates Comprehensive Examination 

499 indicates Senior Thesis or Project 

Perspective courses are indicated by A- 
Aesthetic, C-Cross-Cultural, E-Environ- 
mental, S-Social Relations after the digits. 
JCP indicates Judaeo-Christian Perspec- 
tive. Courses which meet the computation 
requirement are indicated by M after the 

The required four different perspective courses must be taken in four different collegia. 

Opportunities for independent study are available in all collegia. Independent study contracts 
are negotiated between the student and the faculty sponsor. Independent study contract 
forms are available in the Registrar's office. 

Directed studies are listed in this course atlas. Copies of directed study syllabi are available 
in the Registrar's office. Some directed studies are available through the Program for Exper- 
ienced Learners only. Please consult the PEL Director for a list of these. 

An academic minor is an option available to all students. The academic minor shall consist of 
five courses from a single discipline, to be determined by the discipline. 


An accounting concentration may be elected 
by a student as a skill area within the man- 
agement major. Students electing accounting 
as a skill area within the management major 
must meet the requirements for the Manage- 
ment program. See Management for des- 
criptions of those requirements and courses, 
page 58 


Courses in this perspective are designed to 
provide an introduction to a major area of 
artistic endeavor. Whether in creative expres- 
sion or aesthetic appreciation, all focus on 
providing students with the ability to make 
informed value judgments in the artistic area 
under consideration. 

ANC 383A Primitive and Folk Art 

For description see Anthropology, page 26 


Aesthetic Perspective Courses 

ARA 329A The Art Experience 

For description see Art, page 28 

ARI 321 A Art Patronage in London 

For description see London Offerings, 

page 57 

CRA 201A Triartic Aesthetics or 
Understanding the Arts 

Profs. Richard Rice, Arthur Skinner 

Immersion in the performing and visual arts of 
the Tampa Bay area, and an exploration of the 
creative process from the perspective of artist, 
performer, and audience. Field trips. 

CRA 202A Literature and Vocation 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Moral, ethical and religious questions in working 
life, as seen in the novel. Discussion of the 
books with practitioners of the professions 
who will speak from professional experience. 

CRA 2 25 A Multimedia Studies in 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

What does a Mass sung in a Gothic cathedral, 
or an avante garde music drama, mean? 
Fundamentals of art criticism applied to var- 
ious "multimedia" phenomena; aesthetic theo- 
ries extracted. Permission of instructor re- 

CRA 384A 20th Century American 
Women in the Arts 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

Values and traditions affecting American 
women artists from 1935 to the present. 
Examine works by women in dance, visual 
arts, prose, poetry, film, photography, etc. 
Offered alternate years. 

HIC 244A Cultural History of Russia 

HIL 248A History and Appreciation of 
Modern Painting 

HIL 341 A Medieval-Renaissance Art 
and Architecture 

For descriptions see History, page 47 

LIA/L 103A Readings in Poetry, Fiction 

and Drama: An Introduction 

LIL 2 10 A Literary Themes: Literature as 

Human Experience 

LIL 21 1A Literature for Life 


LIL 222A American Literature II 
LIA 225A Modern American Poetry 
LIA/L 226A Literary Genres: Short Novel 
LIA 227A Contemporary Fiction, Contem- 
porary Issues 

LIL 239A English Literature: 1800 to the 

LIA 240A Literature and the Erotic 

LIA 241A Great American Novels 

LIA 250 A Children's Literature 

LIA 281 A The Rise of the Novel: Western 
Narrative I 

LIA 282A The Modern Novel: Western 
Narrative II 

LIL 305A Women as Metaphor: Inves- 
tigating our Literary Heritage 

LIL 325A Men and Women Together: 
Examining our Literary Heritage 

LIA 350A Modern American Novel 

LI/THA 362A Film and Literature 

LIA 380A Images of the Goddess 

LIA 382A Contemporary American Poetry 

For descriptions see Literature, page 53 

MUA 226A American Music and Values 

For description see Music, page 66 

PLL 261 A Philosophy and Film 
PLL 263A Aesthetics 

For description see Philosophy, page 67 

REL 342A Literature of the Bible 

For description see Religious Studies, 

page 75 

THA 102A The Living Theatre 

THA 202A Improvisation 

THA 322A Communication Arts and 

TH/LIA 362A Film and Literature 

THA 363A Ensemble Theatre 

THA 370A Scenic Design 

THA 381A Seminar in Theatre: Theory 

and Value 

For descriptions see Theatre, page 81 

THI 365A Theatre in London 

For description see London Offerings, 

page 58 


WWA 302A Rhetoric of Film 

For description see Creative Writing, 

page 35 


A broad, interdisciplinary major in American 
civilization built around the core disciplines of 
history, political science and literature. The 
program may also include courses in such fields 
as philosophy, religion, art, economics and 
sociology. The student's program, developed 
in consultation with the Mentor and supervised 
by a three-member faculty committee, should 
form a consistent pattern of courses in Amer- 
ican culture and institutions. The program will 
include a minimum of ten courses, with at least 
five from one discipline and at least three from 
a second discipline. Six of the ten courses 
must be beyond the introductory level. One of 
the following seminars, which also meet the 
Social Perspective course requirement, 
should be included in the major. 

AML 306S American Myths, American 

Prof. William McKee 

Myths in American history, literature and 
religion which shape Americans' understanding 
of their identity and history. 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

Reform and radical ideology of the 19th and 
20th centuries. Populism, progressivism; 
nationalist, civil rights, peace, feminist move- 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender 
and American Culture 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

Changing perspectives on what it means to be 
male or female in the U.S. Historical origins 
and sources of values concerning masculinity 
and femininity. 

AML 309S the American Industrial State 

Prof. William McKee 

Historical development of the American cor- 
poration, organized labor, changing patterns 
of business leadership, growth of regulatory 
function, roles of business, labor and govern- 


The major in anthropology is designed to help 
students acquire the basic perspective and 
understanding of the field, as well as proficiency 
in applying the anthropological viewpoint to 
the world in which they live. Requirements for 
the major include successful completion of 
five core courses: Introduction to Anthropol- 
ogy, Research Methodology, Anthropological 
Theory, Physical Anthropology, and a choice 
of either Linguistics, Applied Anthropology, 
or Introduction to Field Archaeology, plus suc- 
cessful completion of four other courses and 
one winter term in anthropology. Students 
who intend to pursue graduate studies in an- 
thropology are strongly advised to take course 
work in the areas of statistics, language studies, 
history, sociology and psychology. Indepen- 
dent and directed study courses in various 
areas of anthropology are normally available 
each academic year. Anthropology majors are 
strongly encouraged to participate in one or 
more overseas study experiences during their 
four years at Eckerd College. 

Requirements for the minor include successful 
completion of any five anthropology courses. 

ANC 20 IS The Anthropological 
Experience: Introduction to 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Concepts and viewpoints of contemporary 
anthropology through multimedia investigation: 
slides, films, elementary field experience. 

ANC 202 Introduction to Field 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Participation in a field experience. Prerequi- 
site: 20 IS or permission of instructor. 

ANC 205 Peasant Cultures 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Case studies of peasant villages, efforts at 
modernization and the role of peasants in 20th 
century revolutions. Offered every third year. 

ANC 207C Chinese Communist 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Family, child-raising, position of women; nurs- 
eries, schools, clinics; Revolutionary Commit- 
tees. China's politics since the death of Mao. 



ANC 208 Human Sexuality 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Sexuality as symbolically invested behavior, 
and its consequences in cultural, social and 
personal dimensions. 

ANC 226 American National Character 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Observations of foreigners, including de 
Tocqueville, Gorer, Henry, Hsu, Mead, Reis- 
man, offer insights into customs and attitudes 
of Americans. Exercises in ethnographic ob- 
servation. Offered every third year. 

ANC/LIL 230 Linguistics 

For description see Literature, page 53 

ANC 250/1 (Directed Study) 

The Endless Journey: An Introduction 

to Anthropology I, II 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Basic concepts, theoretical viewpoints and 
research techniques of contemporary anthro- 

ANC 286C Cultures of Africa 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Africa's geography, topography and cultural 
patterns: politics, economics, language, adap- 
tation. Comparisons of cultural heritages for 
selected societies. Prerequisite: Sophomore 
or higher. 

ANC 305S Culture and Personality 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Major theoretical and conceptual tools utilized 
by anthropologists in the study of personality 
in culture; data-gathering techniques. Offered 
every third year. 

ANC 330 Physical Anthropology 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Evolution and fossil hominids (apes and men). 
Laboratories focus on anthropometric tech- 
niques. Controversies engendered by modern 
anthropological studies. Prerequisite: 201 or 
permission of instructor. 

ANC 333 Making a Mirror for Man: An 
Introduction to Anthropological Research 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Design and implementation of different types 
of research modes. Field work projects. 


ANC 334C Applied Anthropology 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 
Application of anthropology in business, 
industry, rural development programs, foreign 
and domestic governmental agencies. Ethical/ 
moral problems. Field projects. Offered alter- 
nate years. 

ANC 335 Cultural Ecology 

Prof Dudley DeGroot 

Relationships between environment and cul- 
tural systems. 

ANC 336 Ethnic Identity 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Role of ethnic identity in nationalism, non- 
assimilation of minorities, intercultural under- 
standing, communication and interaction. 
Offered every third year. 

ANC 350 (Directed Study) Introduction 
to Museum Work 

Profs. Elisa Hansen, Hendrick Serrie 

Hands-on experience with artifacts, cataloging, 
restoring and cleaning, designing and con- 
structing an exhibit based on research. Minimum 
120 hours. Prerequisite: at least one anthro- 
pology course and consent of instructor. 

ANC 383A Primitive and Folk Art 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Primitive cultures through the perspective of 
art and anthropology. Styles, functions and 
broader cultural contexts. Offered alternate 

AN/MNC 385C The Cultural Environment 
of International Business 

Profs. Hendrick Serrie, Joseph Bearson 

Challenge of conducting business operations 
successfully in a cultural environment distinct 
from one's own. 

ANC 436 Anthropological Theory 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Schools of thought on evolution, diversity, 
diffusionism, culture and personality. Prere- 
quisite: one course in anthropology or sociology. 
Offered alternate years. 

ANC 483 Culture From the Inside Out 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Values, perceptions, feeling states and deeply 
rooted assumptions central to experiencing 
and understanding any culture. 


GEC 250 (Directed Study) Geography 
GEC 350 (Directed Study) World Regional 

For description see Geography, page 44 

CUC 282C East Asian Area Studies 

CUC 388C Sino-Soviet Conflict 

For descriptions see Cross-Cultural Per- 
spective Courses, page 36 


Programs in visual arts are individually designed 
with a Mentor. Every program must include 
Visual Problem Solving and Basic Drawing 
and two courses in art history or aesthetics 
taken outside the discipline. Proficiency in 
drawing and design must be demonstrated in a 
Sophomore show before the required thesis 
show may be undertaken in the Senior year. 

ARA 101 Visual Problem Solving 

Prof. James Crane 

Systematic approach to visual arts, developing 
skills in spatial organization, relating forms in 
sequence, discovering uniqueness, personal 
approach to solutions, even within narrow, 
arbitrarily prescribed bounds. 

ARA 102 Drawing Fundamentals 

Profs. Arthur Skinner, Margaret Rigg 
For the novice or the initiated, an immersion in 
new ways of seeing, eye-hand coordination, 
self-discovery, and self-expression through 
varied drawing media, using as sources the 
figure, still-life, nature, and imagination. 

ARA 205 English Calligraphy 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

Survey the most used alphabets from Britain, 
Scotland, Canada, Australia and U.S.A. A 
beginning English language calligraphy course 
for both majors and non-majors. 

ARA 206 British Calligraphy 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

The history and stroke order of certain British 
styles of calligraphy alphabets: Italic, Uncial, 
Copperplate, Foundational, Roman, Gothic, 
Black Letter. 

ARA 222 Clay 1 

Prof. John Eckert 

For beginners, the fundamentals of ceramic 
materials, handforming, recycling, glazing, 
firing. Laboratories with supervised working 
time and lectures on technical knowledge. 

ARA 223 Relief Printing 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

An in-depth investigation of one of the oldest 
print mediums, using linoleum as the primary 
matrix to explore design and graphic imagery 
in both black and white and color. Prerequisite: 
101 or 102. 

ARA 225 Etching 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

Basic techniques of etching, including hard 
and soft grounds, aquatint, drypoint, open 
biting, embossing, and color printing. Experi- 
mentation and an imaginative approach is 
expected. Prerequisites: 101 or 102 and per- 
mission of instructor. 

ARA 228 Painting Workshop 

Prof. James Crane 

Introduction of process of painting with 
emphasis on each student finding his/her own 
imagery, exploring technical means. Any me- 
dium or combination allowed. Prerequisite: 
101 and 102. 

ARA 229 Photography as Image 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

Process, techniques, and aesthetics of taking 
and developing black and white photographs. 
No prerequisites, but the student should have 
access to a camera with adjustable aperture 
and shutter speeds. 

ARA 230 Watercolor Painting 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

Class time will be used for discussions, cri- 
tiques, demonstrations and field trips. Actual 
painting to be done outside class, minimum of 
two hours daily strongly recommended. 

ARA 241 Intermediate Drawing 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

Figure-ground spatial composition, individual 
development in drawing techniques, formal 
composition of two-dimensional space, tech- 



nical mastery, development of images. Pre- 
requisite: 101 and 102. 

ARA 250 (Directed Study) History of the 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

A survey of the history and development of the 
print medium, intended primarily for art stu- 
dents with some background in the graphic 
arts. Counts as one art history credit. 

ARA 301 Collage and Assemblage 

Prof. James Crane 

Production of two-and three-dimensional ob- 
jects and images, employing various materials, 
exploring the interface between painting and 
sculpturing. Prerequisites: 101 and 102. 

ARA 308 Throwing on the Potter's Wheel 

Prof. John Eckert 

Throwing instruction and practice. Skill, aes- 
thetic considerations, techniques and critiques. 
Prerequisite: 222 or permission of instructor. 
Offered alternate semesters. 

ARA 320/420 Studio Critique 

Prof. James Crane 

Maximum of independence with regular 
critiques, each student preparing a contract 
for work in media of the student's choice. Class 
used for review of work, field trips and dis- 
cussion. Prerequisites: 101, 102 and any 
media workshop. 

ARA 321 Advanced Drawing 

Critique forum for students ready to do serious 
work in various drawing media, developing 
their personal mode of expression. Emphasis 
on experimentation with new materials and 
ideas. Must be capable of working indepen- 
dently. Prerequisites: 101, 102 and permission 
of instructor. 

ARA 322 Advanced Photography Critique 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

Intensive independent projects designed to 
encourage imaginative examination of the local 
environment. Class critiques weekly. Evalua- 
tion on final portfolio of at least 20 finished 
mounted prints exhibiting technical excellence 
and creative insight. Prerequisite: 229. 

ARA 323 Painting Critique 

Prof. James Crane 

Independent work with regular critiques for 
students who have taken Painting Workshop 
or had prior experience in painting. Not for 

ARA 324/5 American Calligraphy I, II 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

A survey of American styles of letterforms: 
Amenu, Shahn, Flourishing Brush, Art Nou- 
veaux, and others used in the U.S.A. 

ARA 326 Plate Lithography 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

An exploration of the basic techniques of 
aluminum plate lithography. Students will be 
expected to produce prints in color as well as 
black and white. Prerequisites: 101 and 102 
and permission of instructor. 

ARA 327 Painting Workshop II 
ARA 328 Painting Workshop III 

Prof. James Crane 

Continuation of process begun in 228. Indi- 
vidual instruction with periodic group critiques. 
Emphasis on larger scale works and technical 
appropriateness. Prerequisites: 228 for 327; 
327 for 328. 

ARA 329A The Art Experience 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

Students select one artist and do art works 
and research on the life and times of that artist, 
andVnake a presentation on both the art works 
and the facts. 

ARA 341 Painting for Calligraphers 

Prof. Margaret Rigg 

Special tools and techniques of miniature 
painting. Students produce one handmade, 
hand-bound painted book and properly matted 
paintings. Prerequisites: 101 and 102, and one 
painting or calligraphy course. 

ARA 420 Studio Critique 

For description see ARA 320. 

ARA 499 Senior Thesis and Seminar 

Prof. James Crane 

For Senior art majors preparing thesis shows, 
self-structured time to work, regular weekly 
meetings, critiques, practice in hanging and 



criticizing shows. Personal, individual discus- 
sion time with instructor. Prerequisite: Senior 
major in art. 

CRA 201A Triartic Aesthetics: 
Understanding the Arts 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective 
Courses, page 24 

ARI 251 (Directed Study) History of 
English Architecture 

ARI 321 A Art Patronage in London 
1700-c. 1850 

For description see London Offerings, 

page 57 

For art courses offered in Florence see Italy 
Offerings, page 52 


For description see Physics, page 70 


Descriptions of autumn term projects are 
published in a separate brochure. 

BIN 121E General Biology 

Prof. John Reynolds 
Principles of biological science; scientific 
method; characteristics of and interactions 
between cells, organs, organisms, populations, 
communities and ecoystems. 

BIN 187 Plant Biology 

Prof. Sheila Hanes 
Evolution, diversity and development of plants, 
their place in the ecosystem and responses to 
environmental conditions. Vascular, non-vas- 
cular marine, freshwater and land plants. 
Field trips. 

BIN 188 Marine and Freshwater Botany 

Prof. Sheila Hanes 

Diversity of marine and freshwater plants, their 
relationship to each other and to their environ- 
ment. A survey of all plant groups will be 

BIN 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology 

Prof. John Ferguson 

Structural basis, evolutionary relationships, 
biological functions and environmental inter- 
actions of animal life in the seas, exploring the 
local area. 


Required for a major are demonstration of 
basic knowledge and understanding of the 
history, methods and principles of the life 
sciences. This demonstration will be satisfied 
by successful completion of a Senior com- 
prehensive or thesis exam and ordinarily the 
following courses: Marine Invertebrate Biology, 
Plant Biology or Marine and Freshwater 
Botany, Biology of Vertebrates, Cell Biology, 
Genetics, Comparative Physiology, General 
and Aquatic Ecology or (with permission) 
Marine Vertebrates, and an acceptable elec- 
tive. General Biology may substitute as the 
entry level course. Each student must also 
satisfactorily complete Biology Seminar and 
concepts of Chemistry I and II. Minimal pre- 
professional requirements additionally include 
Organic Chemistry I and II, Calculus I, Physics 
I and II, and a course in Statistics. 

A minor requires five biology courses, not 
including more than two at the 100 level, 
perspective courses (except General Biology), 
or directed or independent studies. At least 
one of the five courses must be at the 300 or 
above level. 

BIN 200 Biology of Vertebrates 

Classification, evolutionary history, structure, 
neo-Darwinian evolution and evolutionary 
features as seen in anatomy of aquatic and 
terrestrial chordates. 

BIN 202 Cell Biology 

Prof. William Roess 

Structure, function and the flow of energy as 
the unifying principle linking photosynthesis, 
anaerobic, aerobic respiration and expenditure 
of energy by the cell. Prerequisites: high school 
level chemistry, biology, CHN 121; CHN 122 
as co-requisite. 

BIN 204 Microbiology 

Prof. Sheila Hanes 

Biology of microorganisms; microbiological 
techniques, isolation and identification of 
unknown organisms. 

BIN 250 (Directed Study) Exploration in 
Human Nutrition 

Prof. Rebecca Ferguson 



Available through summer term or Special 
Programs only. Suitable for non-science majors. 
For students curious about their own nutri- 
tional needs, who may be confused by the 
many myths currently perpetuated in popular 

BIN 282E Economic Botany 

Prof. Sheila Hanes 

How plants affect the quality of life, inter- 
dependence of humans and plants and the 
importance of a diverse environment. Prereq- 
uisite: at least Sophomore standing. 

BIN 301 General and Aquatic Ecology 

Physical, chemical and biological relationships 
in natural communities. Field work in nearby 
ponds and Gulf shoreline. Prerequisites: 187, 
189 and 200 or permission of instructor. 

BIN 303 Genetics: Investigative 

Prof. William Roess 

Mendelian and transcription genetics from 
historical perspective. Key experiments. For 
Junior science students particularly interested 
in interdisciplinary work for less professionally 
oriented biology majors. Prerequisite: CHN 
121/2, BIN 202 or permission of instructor. 
Corequisite: CHN 221. 

BIN 304 Comparative Physiology: 

Prof. John Ferguson 

Physiological mechanisms of animals; com- 
parative method, integrated into other areas 
of student's interest through interdisciplinary 
work. Corequisite CHN 122. Prerequisite: 
BIN 202 and 305. 

BIN 305 Genetics: Interpretive 

Prof. William Roess 

See BIN 303. Lecture/lab develops specific 
skills, including how to grow, maintain and 
experiment with microbial tissue culture cells. 
For Junior biology majors. Prerequisite: CHN 

BIN 306 Comparative Physiology: 

Prof. John Ferguson 

See BIN 304. Investigative lab, advanced 
methodology. Corequisite: CHN 122. 

BIN 307 Biology of Marine Vertebrates 

Prof. John Ferguson 

Classification, characteristics, general ecology 
and current research methodology. Field trips. 
Prerequisite: 200. 

BIN 310 Techniques in Electron 

Prof. Sheila Hanes 

Research techniques such as tissue preparation, 
sectioning with an ultramicrotome, filming and 
printing scanning and tramsmission observa- 
tions. Prerequisites: Junior standing, science 
major, permission of instructor. 

BIN 350 (Directed Study) Human 

Prof. John Ferguson 

Nerves, muscles, sense and endocrine organs; 
cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, repro- 
ductive, excretory systems; metabolic integra- 
tion. Suitable for biology majors off-campus 
unable to take 304 or 306. Prerequisites: CHN 
122, BIN 202 and permission of instructor. 

BIN 402 Advanced Topics in Ecology 

Selected aspects of aquatic or terrestrial eco- 
systems; topics determined by student interests. 
Prerequisites: 189, 200 and 301. 

BIN 406 Advanced Topics in Botany 

Prof Sheila Hanes 

Subjects investigated determined by student 
interest. Prerequisite: 187. 

BIN 407 Paleobotany 

Prof. Sheila Hanes 

Ancient environments and formation of fossils, 
evolution of plants, research techniques, field 
trips. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 

BIN 408/NAN 410 Biology Seminar 
(2-year sequence) 

Topical problems in biology especially those 
not fully explored in other areas of the biology 
curriculum. Junior, Senior biology majors par- 
ticipate for one course credit; Sophomores 
invited to attend. 

NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

For description see page 77 



BIN 422 Advanced Topics in Genetics 

Prof. William Roess 

Human genetics, chromosomal abnormal- 
ities; physiological defects and behavior dis- 
orders. Biological and social implications. 
Interests of students considered. Prerequisite: 
303 or 305 or permission of instructor. 

BIN 499 Independent Research - Thesis 

Upon invitation, Seniors may design and carry 
out a creative research program, usually result- 
ing in a written dissertation which is defended 
in the spring. 

NAN 382E Man and the Ocean 

NAN 383E Ecology, Evolution and 
Natural Resources 

NAN 384E The Human Body as an 

NAN 385E Marine Mammals: Their 
Biology and Interactions with Man 

For descriptions see Environmental Per- 
spective Courses, page 42 

See also Marine Science, page 62 

See also Sea Semester, page 76 


A business administration concentration may 
be elected by a student as a skill area within 
the management major. Students electing 
to do so must meet the requirements for the 
management programs. See Management 
for descriptions of those requirements and 


Students majoring in chemistry for the B.A. 
degree take Concepts of Chemistry I and II, 
Organic Chemistry I and II, Analytical Chem- 
istry, Physical Chemistry I, Experimental 
Chemistry I, Chemistry Seminar (Junior and 
Senior years), Calculus I and II, Physics I and 
II and one upper level chemistry elective. For 
the B.S. degree students take Physical Chem- 
istry II, Advanced Organic and Advanced 
Inorganic Chemistry, and Experimental 
Chemistry II beyond those courses required 
for the B.A. degree. In addition, B.S. degree 
candidates must fulfill the requirement of 16 
courses in the natural sciences. For either de- 

gree, student must maintain a C average in 
chemistry and supporting courses. The B.S. 
degree is certified by the American Chemical 

Juniors and Seniors are involved in Experi- 
jnental Chemistry I and II, a three-semester 
laboratory program integrating analytical, 
inorganic, instrumental, organic and physical 
chemical methods and techniques. Projects 
undertaken are problem-solving oriented and 
become increasingly more sophisticated during 
the first two semesters of the program. The 
final semester is devoted to an independent 
research project of the student's choice. 

Students desiring a minor in chemistry must 
take 121 and 122 and any three of the following: 
221, 222, 320, 321, 322, 326 and 424. 

CHN 101E Chemistry and the Environment 

Development of mathematical, conceptual and 
problem-solving skills. Examples from current 
environmental and energy issues. Not recom- 
mended for students who have taken Concepts 
in Chemistry. Prerequisite: high school alge- 

CHN 121 Concepts in Chemistry I 

Principles of modern chemical theory for 
majors in the sciences. Prerequisites: high 
school chemistry course, three years of high 
school math, or 10 IE with a grade of C or 

CHN 122 Concepts in Chemistry II 

Modern chemical theory of importance to later 
work in chemistry and molecular biology. 
Laboratory includes use of instrumentation 
for pH, redox, spectrophotometric measure- 
ments. Prerequisite: 121 with grade of C or 

CHN 221 Organic Chemistry I 

First part of two-course sequence dealing with 
chemistry of carbon-containing compounds. 
Laboratory on techniques of organic chemistry, 
preparation of several simple organic com- 
pounds. Prerequisite: 122 with grade of C or 

CHN 222 Organic Chemistry II 

Continuation of CHN 221 proceeding to more 
complex functional groups. Laboratory on 
preparation of organic compounds, qualitative 



methods for determination of unknown organic 
substances. Prerequisite: 221 with grade of C 
or better. 

CHN 320 Analytical Chemistry 

Prof. Alan Soli 

Modern analytical measurements, separations, 
and instrumentation including acid-base, redox, 
solubility, complexation equilibrian and their 
applications. Prerequisites; CHN 222 or per- 
mission of instructor, and MAN 132. 

CHN 321 Physical Chemistry I 

Prof. Reggie Hudson 

Laws of thermodynamics; free energy, chemical 
and heterogeneous equilibrium; solutions of 
electrolytes, non-electrolytes; electrochemis- 
try, chemical kinetic theory. Prerequisites: 
CHN 122,MAN132,PHN 241/2 orpermission 
of instructor. 

CHN 322 Physical Chemistry II 

Prof. Reggie Hudson 

Wave mechanics, chemical bonding, atomic 
and molecular spectroscopy, statistical ther- 
modynamics and some molecular symmetry. 
Prerequisite: 321. 

CHN 326 Experimental Chemistry I: 
Techniques and Instrumentation 

Practical application of modern experimental 
techniques and modern chemical instrumen- 
tation. Required of all chemistry majors, nor- 
mally in the Junior year. Prerequisites: 320 
and 321. 

NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

For description see page 77 

CHN 422 Advanced Organic Chemistry 

Infrared, ultraviolet, nuclear magnetic reso- 
nance and mass spectroscopy; advanced syn- 
thetic methods, elucidation of reaction mech- 
anism, stereochemistry, molecular rearrange- 
ments and orbital theory. Prerequisites: 222 
and 322. 

CHN 424 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 

Prof. Richard Neithamer 

Electronic structure and properties of the 
atom, among them covalent bond, stereo- 
chemistry, solid state, acid-base, thermody- 

namics; reaction mechanisms, non-aqueous 
solvents, borron hydride chemistry. Prerequi- 
site: 322 or permission of instructor. For Senior 
chemistry majors. 

CHN 425 Biochemistry 

Chemical processes in living cells; molecular 
components, metabolic and biosynthetic path- 
ways in phosphate bond energy. Prerequisite: 
222 with grade of C or better. 

CHN 426 Experimental Chemistry II: 
Advanced Techniques and Research 

Continuation of CHN 326. One year lab course 
on sophisticated techniques of experimental 
chemistry culminating in research project. 
Required of all B.S. chemistry majors in Senior 
year. Prerequisites: 322 and 326. 

CHN 428/NAN 410 Chemistry Seminar 
(2-year sequence) 

For Junior and Senior chemistry majors. One 
course credit on satisfactory completion of 
two years of participation. Continuation in 
seminar contingent on satisfactory progress in 
upper division courses. 

CHN 499 Independent Research — Thesis 

Chemistry students with superior ability may 
be invited to do independent research with a 
member of the chemistry staff during their 
Senior year, and write and defend a research 
thesis before a thesis committee. 

NAN 28 IE Environmental Chemistry and 

NAN/LTL 283E The Growth and Nature 
of Scientific Views 
NAN 386E Toward the Year 2025 
For descriptions see Environmental Per- 
spective Courses, page 42 


Comparative literature is an interdisciplinary 
approach to literature. Students declare three 
areas: five courses in a literature (commonly 
English and/or American), three courses in a 
foreign language (such as French, German or 
Spanish), of which at least two are literature 
courses, and two courses in a second foreign 
language (at any level) , or in another discipline 
(such as history, religion, philosophy, etc.), or 


Computer Science 

in an approved specialty (world literature in 
translation, myth, the Don Juan tradition, etc.). 
Students should have one course using com- 
parative methodology. Linguistics and literary 
criticism are recommended. 


The composition courses are designed to help 
students become better writers and are re- 
quired if an initial writing sample does not 
indicate proficient writing. All composition 
courses involve students in continuous appraisal 
of their writing. See page 16 for a complete 
description of the writing requirement for 

Native speakers of English may take two 
composition courses for credit; non-native 
speakers may take three composition courses 
for credit. 

FDF 121 Composition I 

Introduces the writing process and helps stu- 
dents to understand and write several types of 
expository essays, concentrating on organiza- 
tion, content and mechanics. Limited enroll- 

FDF 122 Composition II 

Reviews several essay types and continues to 
develop the writer's skills. Limited enrollment. 

FDF 123 Composition III 

Additional work with essay writing concen- 
trating on the refinement of form and style. 
Limited enrollment. 

Bachelor of Arts from the Natural Science 
Collegium. Four additional natural science 
courses from advanced computer science (300 
level or above), mathematics or physics, are 
required for the Bachelor of Science. 

A minor in computer science requires comple- 
tion of 143M, 221, 222 and two computer 
science courses numbered 300 or above. 

CSN 103M Computer Algorithms and 
Programming in BASIC 

Problems from many fields suitable for com- 
puters; analyzing, devising algorithms for so- 
lutions. Suggested for students who intend to 
take only one computer course. Credit will not 
be given for both this course and a winter term 
project in Basic. Daily assignments, program- 
ming assignments, hour tests, final examin- 

CSN 143M Introduction to Computer 

History of computing: overview of the elements 
of a computer system; problem solving and 
algorithm development; Pascal programming 
for numeric and non-numeric problems. Daily 
assignments, programming assignments, hour 
tests, final examination. Prerequisites: place- 
ment at the Calculus I level. 

CSN 201 Fortran Programming 

Problem solving using the Fortran language. 
Daily assignments, programming assignments, 
hour tests, final examination. Prerequisites: 
103M or 143M. 


The course requirements for the computer 
science major are composed of two parts - 
the program core, and the program special- 
ization. The program core is a structured 
sequence of four computer science courses 
(Introduction to Computer Science, Data 
Structures, Computer Systems, Theory of 
Computing) and four mathematics courses 
(Calculus 1, Discrete Mathematics, Statistics, 
Linear Algebra). The program specialization, 
composed of four computer science electives 
numbered 310 or greater pursued during the 
Junior and Senior years, is less structured, 
allowing the student to emphasize his or her 
special interests. The Mathematical Sciences 
Seminar is required in the Junior and Senior 
years. This is a total of 12 courses for the 

CSN/MNB 202 Cobol Programming 

Problem solving using the C obol language . Daily 
assignments, programming assignments, hour 
tests, final examination. Prerequisites: 103M 
or 143M or consent of instructor. 

CSN 210S Computers and Society 

History of computing; social, ethnical and legal 
impact of computers on society; overview of 
the operation, use, and programming of a com- 
puter. Daily assignments, programming assign- 
ments, hour tests, final examination. 

CSN 221 Data Structures 

Continuation of program design and algorithm 
analysis. Identification and evaluation of classes 
of problems solvable through well defined data 
structures and algorithms including stacks, 


Computer Science 

recursion, lists, linked lists, searching and 
sorting. Daily assignments, hour tests, project, 
final examination. Prerequisities: 143M. 

CSN 222 Computer Systems 

Assembly language and basic concepts of com- 
puter systems including architecture, operating 
systems, translators and digital logic. Daily 
assignments, programming assignments, hour 
tests, final examination. Prerequisite: 221. 

CSN 301 Theory of Computing 

Abstract basis of computing machines and 
languages; introduction to finite automata, 
formal languages, Turing machines, and com- 
plexity theory. Daily assignments, program- 
ming assignments, hour tests, final examination. 
Prerequisites: CSN 221 and MAN 143. 

CSN 310 Computer Architecture 

Architectural and hardware elements of com- 
puting machines; central processing unit in- 
cluding micro-machine, registers, data paths, 
arithmetic logic unit, control unit, micropro- 
gramming; memory including implementation, 
virtual memory, content addressable memory, 
cache, input/output including disks, tapes, 
serial communications and networks. Daily 
assignments, programming assignments, hour 
tests, final examination. Prerequisite: 222. 

CSN 320 Programming Languages 

Nature and implementation of programming 
languages including qualities and character- 
istics of languages, methods of implementation, 
execution models and environments; survey of 
programming languages. Daily assignments, 
programming assignments, hour tests, final 
examination. Prerequisite: 222. 

CSN 321 Programming Methodology and 
Software Engineering 

Properties of software systems; software system 
design and development principles; specifica- 
tions; models; software tools, monitoring meth- 
ods; group programming project for a large 
software system. Daily assignments, program- 
ming assignments, hour tests, final examination. 
Prerequisite: 222. 

CSN 360 Database System 

Conceptual modeling of data systems; organ- 
ization of database systems; storage and re- 
trieval of data in the database; database design 

and administration. Daily assignments, pro- 
gramming assignments, hour tests, final exam- 
ination. Prerequisite: 222. 

NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

For description see Senior Seminars, 

page 77 

CSN 411 Operating Systems 

Organization, operation, and implementation 
including processor management, memory 
management, virtual systems, interprocess 
communication, scheduling algorithms, pro- 
tection and security, deadlocks; case studies 
of operating systems. Daily assignments, pro- 
gramming assignments, hour tests, final exam- 
ination. Prerequisite: 222. 

CSN 420 Translators and Compilers 

Theory and implementation of high-level lan- 
guage virtual machines including assemblers, 
macro expansion, compilers and interpreters; 
syntactic and semantic models. Daily assign- 
ments, programming assignments, hour tests, 
final examination. Prerequisites: 301. 

NAN 438/410 Mathematical Sciences 
Seminar (2 year sequence) 

For description see Mathematics, page 64 

CSN 460 Artificial Intelligence 

Knowledge representation; predicate calculus; 
rule-based deductions; searching methods; 
applications of understanding; programming 
languages and databases for artificial intelli- 
gence. Daily assignments, programming assign- 
ments, hour tests, final examination. Prereq- 
uisite: 222 and 301. 

CSN 499 Computer Science Independent 
Research - Thesis 

Seniors majoring in computer science may, 
upon invitation of the computer science fac- 
ulty do research and write a thesis under the 
direction of a member of the faculty. The sub- 
mission of the resulting written thesis and an 
oral defense will, upon approval of the com- 
puter science faculty, satisfy the comprehen- 
sive examination requirement for graduation. 
Prerequisites: excellence in computer science 
courses through the Junior year and invitation 
by the faculty. 


Creative Writing 


The Writing Workshop helps develop serious 
writers — students who think of themselves 
primarily as writers and students for whom 
writing will be an important avocation. Stu- 
dents develop their curriculum individually in 
consultation with the Mentor. Course work 
varies considerably, but normally must include 
six courses in literature (while this is a minimum, 
creative writing majors usually elect to take 
more than this). Of these six courses, at least 
two must be pre -19th century British and one 
American; at least three workshops: fiction 
and poetry are required, and one of the follow- 
ing: play writing, travel writing, journal writing, 
or children's literature. Seniors are required 
to complete a thesis, a compilation of the stu- 
dent's best work in any combination of genres. 

WWA 201 Writing Workshop: Criticism 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Writing reviews of new books in poetry and 
fiction, for different audiences; mass news- 
paper, middlebrow magazines, scholarly jour- 
nals. Compare and analyze student reviews 
with reviews by professionals. 

WWA 228 Writing Workshop: The Short 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Students' stories read aloud and discussed in 
class. Emphasis on rewriting, critical principles 
and development of works through several 
phases of composition. Students may take this 
course more than once for credit. 

WWA 231 Writing Workshop: Children's 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Reading and writing fiction and verse, explor- 
ing possibilities of children's literature. Stu- 
dents bring their own work to class for dis- 
cussion and evaluation. Open to all, preference 
given to upperclass students. 

WWA 2/3/429 Writing Workshop: Poetry 

Profs. Nancy Carter, Peter Meinke 

Forms and techniques in poetry. Students sub- 
mit their poems for discussion, review, and 
rewriting. Familiarity with current poetry is 

WWA 240 Light Verse/Tall Tales 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Write humorous verse and fiction in such forms 
as the clerihew, epigram, limerick, tall tale. 
Read classic and contemporary examples of 
humorous writing. 

WWA 261 Writing Workshop: Travel 

Prof. Peter Meinke 
Reading and writing about travel. Students 
will read classics in travel writing by authors 
like McPhee, Fussell, Hoagland, etc. and write 
their own articles to be discussed in the work- 

WWA 302A Rhetoric of Film 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Film as an art form, its history, typology, tech- 
nology and symbology. How films are made, by 
whom, and out of what visions of the world. 

WWA 305 Journals, Diaries, and Letters: 
The Intimate Connection 

Prof. Nancy Carter 

Journals, diaries and letters as related to the 
creative process. Practice and discuss various 
journaling techniques, writing our own jour- 

WWA 330 Writing Workshop: Advanced 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

At least two student works written, revised 
and discussed in seminar setting. Discussions 
of short stories by masters, articles on writing. 
Visits by local writers. Prerequisite: 228 or 
permission of instructor. 

WWA 334 Writing Workshop: One-Act 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Writing one-act plays, reading short plays, in- 
cluding traditional and experimental forms. 
Each student will write at least two plays, to be 
read and discussed in class. Production of 
original plays encouraged. 


Cross-Cultural Perspective Courses 


Courses in this perspective are designed to 
provide an introduction to a culture or cultures 
different from the student's own, to increase 
knowledge of the richness and diversity of 
human social existence and, in so doing, pro- 
vide greater insights into the strengths and 
weaknesses of the student's own cultural per- 
spective. A term of study abroad may also 
satisfy this requirement. 

ANC 207C Chinese Communist Society 

ANC 286C Cultures of Africa 

ANC 334C Applied Anthropology 

ANC/MNC 385C Cultural Environment of 

International Business 

For descriptions see Anthropology, page 25 

CUC/WHF 183C United States Area 

For description see Western Heritage, 

page 83 

CUC 282C East Asian Area Studies 

Profs. Gilbert Johnston, 
Hendrick Serrie 

Examination of the more enduring features of 
China and Japan, through art, architecture, 
literature, customs, religious beliefs and intel- 
lectual traditions. 

CUC 283C Soviet Area Studies 

Prof. William Parsons 

Understanding Russians as people, Russia's 
contribution to Western civilization, the im- 
pact of the Bolshevik Revolution on Russian 
society and the role of the Soviet Union in the 
world today. 

CUC 284C French Area Studies 

Prof. Henry Genz 

Modern France with emphasis on the post 
World War II period. Village and urban life, 
distinguishing characteristics of the French 
people, their institutions, traditions, customs, 
values, literature, art and music. 

CUC 388C The Sino-Soviet Conflict 

Profs. William Parsons, 
Hendrick Serrie 

Historical roots of enmity between China and 
Russia, values inherent in their culture and 


society; ideological, territorial and strategic 
conflicts. Role of Sino-Soviet conflict in Amer- 
ican foreign policy. Offered every third year. 

HIC/L 203C Europe in Transition: 1300- 

HIC/L 204C Foundations of Contempo- 
rary Europe: 1815-1845 

HIC 232C Global History 

HIC 241C The Rise of Russia 

HIC 242C Modern Russian and the Soviet 


HIL 36 1C An Introduction to Modern 


For descriptions see History, page 46 

INI 379C Florence Seminar 

For description see Italy Offerings, page 52 

INI 389C British Seminar 

For description see London Offerings, 

page 58 

LIL 243C Modern French Culture Through 

For description see Literature, page 54 

LTL/REC 220C Life and Death in Indian 
Hindu Culture 

For description see Religious Studies, 
page 74 

MNB 334C Industrial and Organizational 

For description see Management, page 60 

MN/ANC 385C Cultural Environment of 
International Business 

For descriptions see Anthropology, page 26 

POB 341C Politics of Underdevelopment 

For description see Political Science, 
page 71 

REL 203C Old Testament Judaism 
REL 204C New Testament Christianity 
REC/LTL 220C Life and Death in Indian 
Hindu Culture 

REC 240C Non-Western Religions 
REL 242C Archaeology and the Bible 
REC 343C Religions of China and Japan 
For descriptions see Religious Studies, 
page 74 

Directed Study Courses 


For descriptions, see the appropriate disci- 
pline. Copies of directed study syllabi are avail- 
able in the Registrar's office. 

ANC 250/1 Introduction to Anthropology 
ANC 350 Introduction to Museum Work 
ARA 250 History of the Print 

ARI 251 A History of English 


BIN 250 Explorations in Human 


BIN 350 Human Physiology 

CRA 410 Creative Arts Senior Seminar 

(by academic petition only) 

ECI 450 History of Economic Thought 
EDA 350 Introduction to the Education of 
Exceptional Children 

EDA 3/451 Childhood Education: 
Creative Learning and Teaching 

EDI 351 British Innovative Education 

GEC 250 Geography 

GEC 350 World Regional Geography 

GRC 250/1 Intermediate German: 
Grammar Review 

GR/LIC 304 The Novels of Hermann 


GRC 350 German Phonetics 

GR/LIC 351 Life and Works of Franz 

GRC 405 German Culture in North 

HIC 250 Japanese Cultural History 

HIL 216S Your Family in American 

HIL/I 240 History of England to 1714 

HIL/L 241 History of Modern Britain 
Since 1714 

HIL/I 252 History of London 
HIL 253 United States History 
HIL 347 Recent American History: The 
Historian's View of our Times 
HIL 350 History of the British Empire- 
Commonwealth Since 1783 

HIL 351 The Industrial Revolution in 

HIL 352 The Progressive Movement 

INI 350 The Maritime Heritage of 

JCP 410 Judaeo-Christian Perspectives 
on Contemporary Issues (by academic 
petition only) 

LI A 250A Children's Literature 

LIL 250 Shakespeare: The Forms of his 

LIA 2/352 American Fiction: 1950 to the 

LI/GRC 304 The Novels of Hermann 

LIA 334 Twentieth Century European 
Fiction, I, II 

LIA 350A Modern American Novel 

LIA 351 Twentieth Century American 
Women Artists and Writers 

LI/GRC 351 Life and Works of Franz 

LI/SPC 450/1 Artistry of Federico Garcia 

MNB 376 Personnel Management 

MUA 350 Twentieth Century Music 

NAN 150E The Universe 

NAN 151 The World of Life 

NAN 251 Futures of Humanity: Worlds of 
Science Fiction 

For descriptions see Physics, page 70 

PLP 101 Introduction to Philosophy 

PLI 351 History of Science in Great 

PSI 350 Youth Experience in a Changing 
Great Britain 

REL 22 IS Religion in America 

REL 251 Introduction to the Old 

REL 252 Introduction to the New 

REL 253 Life and Teachings of Jesus 

SPC 250 Practicum in Spanish Teaching 

SPC 401 Modern Spanish Novel 

SPC 402 Spanish American Novel 

SP/LIC 451/2 Artistry of Federico Garcia 

THA 250 Video Practicum 

THA 450 Alternate Theatre 

WHF 184 Honors Western Heritage (with 
permission only) 




A concentration in East Asian Area Studies 
may be planned through a supervising com- 
mittee of three faculty members. 

CUC 282C East Asian Area Studies 

For description see Cross-Cultural Perspec- 
tive, page 36 

REC/LTL 220C Life and Death in Indian 
Hindu Culture 

For description see Religious Studies, 

page 74 


In addition to the collegial requirement of sta- 
tistics, students majoring in economics are 
required to take a minimum of eight economics k 
courses and Calculus I. All students will take 
Principles of Microeconomics, Principles of 
Macroeconomics, Intermediate Microeconom- 
ics, Intermediate Macroeconomics and History 
of Economic Thought. In addition, students 
will choose three economics electives from a 
list of approved courses. Students must main- 
tain a C average in upper level courses to suc- 
cessfully complete the major. 
Requirements for a minor in economics include 
Principles of Micro and Macroeconomics, 
Intermediate Micro and Macroeconomics, and 
one other economics elective. 

ECB 281S Principles of Microeconomics 

Price theory, operation of market system. 
Industrial structure and pricing under different 
competitive structures. Cost-benefit analysis 
applied to environmental quality decisions. 
Required of all students majoring in eco- 

ECB 282S Principles of Macroeconomics 

National income, role of federal government, 
monetary and fiscal policy, inflation, recession, 
balance of payments. Required for all students 
majoring in economics. 

ECB 301S Human and Social Economics 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

How humans and community groups interact, 
the methods they create to bring shared values 
to fruition. The creation and operation of insti- 
tutions as they affect social and economic 


ECB 381 Intermediate Microeconomic 

Prof. Diana Fuguitt 

Continuation of 28 IS. Consumer demand 
theory pricing and output decisions of indus- 
tries and firms using simple mathematical and 
geometric models; price and output adjust- 
ments. Prerequisite: 28 IS. Required for all 
students majoring in economics. 

ECB 382 Intermediate Macroeconomics 

Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

Continuation of 282S. Determinants of aggre- 
gate demand and supply, using dynamic and 
static models of analysis. How to use an under- 
standing of economic analysis to achieve policy 
objectives and understand trade-offs. Prereq- 
uisites: ECB 282S and BEB 260M. 

ECB 383 Labor Economics 

Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

Labor markets, wage and employment deter- 
minations, human capital theory, economics 
of discrimination, labor market forecasting, 
role of unions. Prerequisites: ECB 28 IS and 
BEB 260M. 

ECB 384 Managerial Economics 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

Applied economic theory, mathematics and 
statistics in business decision making. Opti- 
mization techniques under conditions of un- 
certainty. Selecting the "best" solutions to 
business problems. Prerequisites: ECB 281S 
and BEB 260M. 

ECB 385 Comparative Economic Systems 

Prof. Diana Fuguitt 

Non-capitalistic and capitalistic economies 
compared to show how different institutional 
arrangements lead to different ways of making 
economic decisions. Soviet Union, Eastern 
European nations, People's Republic of China 
included. Prerequisite; 281S. 

ECB 386 Money, Banking and Financial 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

History and development of monetary system 
and financial structure. Money creation and 
influence on macroeconomic activity. Monetary 
policy implications of regulatory agencies. 


ECB 387 Urban Economics 

Prof. Diana Fuguitt 

Urban growth and decay, location decisions, 
land use. Transportation, crime, housing, dis- 
crimination and segregation, and the urban 
financial crisis. Prerequisite: 28 IS. 

ECB 388 Economic Development 

Prof. Diana Fuguitt 

Factors which contribute to or retard economic 
development, investigating the cultural and 
political as well as economic aspects of devel- 
opment. Prerequisites: 28 IS or 282S. 

ECB 389 Natural Resource Economics 

Role of economic theory in analyzing and eval- 
uating natural resource and environmental 
policy issues. Developing models for optimum 
resources use: land, water, energy, their devel- 
opment, allocation, pricing. Prerequisite: 

ECB 410 Senior Seminar in Economics 

Application of economic phenomena to current 
micro and macro economic issues. Economic 
analysis and issues underlying public decision 
making. Project aimed at reinforming under- 
standing of economic research methodologies. 

ECB 482 Seminar in Business Cycles 

Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

Theoretical and research topics in business 
cycles and economic forecasting. Business 
cycle forecasting techniques and models. Pre- 
requisites: BEB 260M and ECB 382. 

ECB 484 Public Finance 

Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

Fiscal operations of federal, state and local 
governments. American tax system, govern- 
ment expenditure patterns, policy options for 
dealing with such problems as poverty, edu- 
cation and economic growth. Prerequisite: 

ECB 486 History of Economic Thought 

Prof. Peter Hammerschmidt 

Economic ideas as developed and expounded 
by Western economists. The teachings of the 
mercantilists, physiocrats, Adam Smith, 
Malthus, Ricardo, Mill, Marx, Marshall, Ger- 
man and American schools of thought. Pre- 
requisite: 281S or permission of instructor. 

ECB 488 International Economics 

Prof. Diana Fuguitt 
International trade, finance theory and policy. 
Balance of international payments, exchange- 
rate adjustments, nature of gains from trade, 
U.S. commercial policy. Prerequisites: 28 IS 
and 282S and permission of instructor. 

BEB 368S Utopias 

For description see Social Relations Per- 
spective, page 77 

ECI 450 (Directed Study) History of 
Economic Thought 

For description see London Offerings, 

page 57 


Students must apply for admission to the 
Teacher Education program through the Di- 
rector of Teacher Education, who is respon- 
sible for all programs approved by the Florida 
State Department of Education. Students con- 
sidering teaching as a possible profession or 
education as a field of study should contact the 
Director of Teacher Education in the Crea- 
tive Arts Collegium, and request a copy of The 
Student Teaching Handbook. The hand- 
book outlines all guidelines and requirements 
for teacher certification programs. 

The Florida legislature has mandated entrance 
requirements for all Teacher Education pro- 
grams in the State. To be eligible to apply to 
the Eckerd College Teacher Education pro- 
gram, students must have combined S.A.T. 
scores of 900, and both verbal and mathemat- 
ics scores must exceed 450. Students must 
have earned a minimum grade point average of 
B or 2.8 on all college level work. A mathe- 
matics course is also required of all students. 

Elementary Education 

The elementary education major is designed 
for those students who wish to work within the 
public school setting. Students majoring in 
elementary education will complete 15 gen- 
eral education courses, with not fewer than 
two courses and not more than four courses 
earned in each of the following areas: com- 
munication (two to four courses); human 
adjustment (four courses); biological or phys- 
ical sciences (one course); mathematics (one 



course); social sciences (two to four courses); 
humanities (two courses); and applied arts 
(two courses). The major also requires seven 
professional education courses and a compre- 
hensive examination. Students are expected 
to study off campus in a culture other than 
their own. Students majoring in elementary 
education must meet all requirements stated 
in The Student Teaching Handbook. 

Secondary Education 

Eckerd College has approved programs for sec- 
ondary education in art and music (K-12), and 
biology, English, French, German, history, 
mathematics, political science, psychology, 
social studies and Spanish (7-12). The 7-12 
certification programs include completion of 
six courses in professional education and suf- 
ficient required courses to qualify for a major 
in the content area. For K-12 certification in 
art and music the student must complete the 
aforementioned program and one course in 
Teaching and Learning: Theory and Practice. 
Students seeking secondary certification must 
meet all requirements stated in The Student 
Teaching Handbook. 

Early Childhood Certification 

Students may wish to add early childhood 
education certification to the elementary edu- 
cation major. This would require completion 
of elementary educaton major requirements 
as well as two courses in early childhood ed- 

Child Development 

The child development concentration is de- 
signed for those students who wish to work 
with children outside the public school class- 
room. Students selecting this concentration 
are not certified by the State of Florida as 
classroom teachers. Instead the concentration 
focuses on an excellent background in the lib- 
eral arts, child development and psychology to 
prepare students for a variety of child centered 
careers. The child development concentra- 
tion includes: 
1. The basic core: Development of the Child 
in Society, Education of the Young Child, 
The Creative Process, Group Dynamics, 
Observational Methodologies, Teaching 
and Learning: Theory and Practice, The 
Family, Statistics, Childhood Education: 
Creative Learning and Teaching. 


2. An area of emphasis, which includes at 
least five courses that correspond to the 
student's long range professional goals, 
i.e., history or political science correspond 
to interest in child advocacy or educational 
law; literature corresponds to children's 
librarianship; creative writing corresponds 
to children's authorship and publishing. 

3. An internship. 

4. A comprehensive examination, thesis or 

5. A winter term in child development. 

EDA 202S Development of the Child in 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Explores patterns of social and personality 
development. Students build connections 
between texts, lectures and their own develop- 

EDA 203 Education of the Young Child 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Overview of the history and philosophy of early 
childhood education. Review of methods and 
materials for teaching young children. Class- 
room observation and participation required. 

EDA 204 The Creative Process 

Learning-by-doing: innovative problem solv- 
ing, awareness of one's own creative processes, 
exploring new dimensions, nurturing personal 
creativity, helping to foster it in others. 

ED/PSA 207 Group Dynamics 

Prof. Kathryn Watson 

Laboratory approach to the study of groups, 
including participation, observation and analy- 
sis; investigation of roles of group members, 
transitional stages, leadership, and group func- 

EDA 324 Teaching and Learning: Theory 
and Practice 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Students demonstrate and apply understand- 
ing of learning theory to models of teaching 
and counseling. For those who will teach, 
counsel or minister to other persons, within an 
intellectual framework. Prerequisites: PSB 

Engineering and Applied Science 

EDA 325 Teaching Reading and the 
Language Arts 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Examines learning styles and strategies in rela- 
tion to the content areas of reading and the 
language arts. Students plan and implement 
lessons in a public elementary school class- 

EDA 326 Elementary School Education 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Overview of elementary school education. 
Examines learning styles and strategies in rela- 
tion to the content areas of social studies, 
science and mathematics. Students plan and 
implement lessons in a public school class- 

EDA 328S The School: Locus of Culture 
and Change 

Prof. Kathryn Watson 

The sociological foundations of education are 
explored using ethnographic techniques. Stu- 
dents study schools as cultures, investigate 
and apply change strategies, and complete a 
field study. 

EDA 350 (Directed Study) Introduction 
to the Education of Exceptional Children 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Survey of the field of education of exceptional 
children; nature and needs of children with 
specific physical, mental and emotional excep- 
tionalities. Students participate in school- 
based exceptional child program. 

EDA 3/451 (Directed Study) Childhood 
Education: Creative Learning and 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Approaches to educating young children, a 
practicum in an early childhood setting. Leads 
to early childhood certification along with 
EDA 203 and the elementary education major. 
Prerequisites: EDA 202S or PSB 202 and 
EDA 203. 

EDA/PSA 421 Educational Psychology 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

Surveys the psychological foundations of edu- 
cation and applies these to the classroom 
setting. Includes student-led seminars and 
presentations, and in-school observations. 
Required for teacher certification. 

EDA 422/3/4 Professional Elementary 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 
Professional semester for elementary educa- 
tion interns; provides for practical experience 
in teaching at both the primary and interme- 
diate elementary school level. Prerequisite: 
permission of instructor. 

EDA 431 Secondary Education Methods 

Experience in theory and practice of instruc- 
tional methodologies. Pre -internship in public 
school assisting in instruction, tutoring small 
groups, teaching. Prerequisite: permission of 

EDA 435/6/7 Professional Education 

Nine weeks of full time student teaching pre- 
ceded by instruction in A-V materials, special 
methods of teaching, curriculum, school ad- 
ministration and recent innovations. Prereq- 
uisites: PSB 101S and EDA 431, and permis- 
sion of instructor. 

EDA 451 Childhood Education 
For description see EDA 351. 

EDA 484 Issues in Education 

For Seniors in the secondary teacher education 
program only. A study of current critical issues 
in American education which impact upon the 
classroom teacher, coordinated with student 
teaching experience. Prerequisite: permission 
of instructor. 

EDI 351 (Directed Study) British 
Innovative Education 

For description see London Offerings, 
page 58 


Students who wish to pursue a dual-degree 
program should consult with Professor Harry 
Ellis as early as possible in their academic 

For description see page 12 


Environmental Perspective Courses 


Courses in this perspective are designed to 
enhance knowledge of the physical and bio- 
logical world, to help the student make in- 
formed value judgments concerning the en- 
vironmental consequences of personal and 
social actions. 

BIN 121E General Biology 
BIN 282E Economic Botany 

For description see Biology, page 29 

CHN 101E Chemistry and the 

For description see Chemistry, page 31 

LIA 328E Literature and Ecology: 
Writings About the Earth Household 

For description see Literature, page 56 

LTL/NAN 283E The Growth and Nature 
of Scientific Views 

Profs. Peter Pau, Reggie Hudson 

Based on Jacob Bronowski's film series The 
Ascent of Man amplified by lectures, demon- 
strations, laboratory work, discussions, re- 
search and supplementary reading. 

LTL 303E The Scientific Revolution and 
Human Values 

Prof. Peter Pau 

The 17th century Scientific Revolution as a 
redirection of Western society from theo- 
centrism to scientific secularism. Copernicus, 
Kepler, Galileo, Bacon, Boyle, Descartes, 

LTL 304E Science, Technology and 
Human Values 

Prof. Peter Pau 

Historical and philosophical examination of 
the nature of science and technology, and their 
relation to such contemporary issues as war- 
fare, urbanization, consumerism, medical eth- 
ics, genetic research, pollution and computer- 

MSN 207E Introduction to Geology 

MSN 208E Environmental Geology 

MSN 308E Introduction to Meteorology 

For descriptions see Marine science, 
page 62 


NAN 150E (Directed Study) The Universe 

For description see Physics, page 70 

NAN 209E Our Environment: The 

Prof. Wilbur Block 

Physical principles and applications which 
help students appreciate the interactions of 
humans with the environment and universe. 
Theories of the origin and evolution of environ- 
ment and glimpses of the future. 

NAN 244E Energy and Environment 

Prof. Harry Ellis 

Options available to societies in producing 
energy, the consequences of each choice, and 
the different sets of values implicit in the 

NAN 28 IE Environmental Chemistry 
and Society 

Prof. Alan Soli 

Issues such as air and water pollution, pesti- 
cides, residues and nuclear energy. Social, 
economic and legal considerations. Minimal 
scientific background expected. Not recom- 
mended for students who have taken Concepts 
of Chemistry. 

NAN 282E The Long Journey 

Prof. Iruing Foster 

Evolutionary history of the universe, forma- 
tion of elements, galaxies, stars and planets, 
chemical evolution leading to life and biologi- 
cal evolution culminating in consciousness as 
expressed in the imagination and intellect of 

NAN/LTL 283E The Growth and Nature 
of Scientific Views 

For description see LTL/NAN 283E above. 

NAN 382E Man and the Ocean 

Prof. John Ferguson 

Introduction to oceanography; sea water, 
waves, tides, currents, weather, etc. Current 
issues in fisheries, mariculture, oil and mineral 
development, coastal use. Influence of the seas 
on the development of civilization. 


NAN 383E Ecology, Evolution and 
Natural Resources 

Prof. Sheila Hanes 

Human involvement with environments past, 
present and future; inter-relationships between 
organisms and environments and their impact 
on humans; ethical ways of dealing with these 
issues. Field trips. 

NAN 384E The Human Body as an 

Profs. Howard Carter, John Reynolds 

Techniques for maintaining a healthy body; 
human anatomy, physiology, nutrition, exercise, 
ways to monitor health; reaction to alcohol, 
drugs, and stress. 

NAN 385E Marine Mammals: Their 
Biology and Interactions with Man 

Prof. John Reynolds 

Whales, dolphins, porpoises, sea otters, seals, 
walruses and manatees. Scientific, moral and 
ethical issues. Controversial points of view on 
such issues as whaling, harvesting of seal pups 
and motor boat collisions with manatees. 

NAN 386E Toward the Year 2025 

Prof. Richard Neithamer 

Research and present position papers on topics 
of the student's choice relating to an aspect of 
science or technology in the future. The entire 
group debates the moral and ethical aspects of 
each paper. Open to Juniors and Seniors only. 

REC 386E The Human Environment: 
Religious and Ethical Perspectives 

For description see Religious Studies, 

page 75 


For description see page 76 


A student may plan an Environmental Stud- 
ies program which will fit individual needs 
under the guidance and approval of a faculty 
supervisory committee. Several particular 
areas of study are especially pertinent to 
environmental studies. These include: Inver- 
tebrate Zoology, Botany, Ecology, Advanced 
Topics in Ecology, Chemistry I and II, Sta- 
tistics, Precalculus Skills, Computer Pro- 

gramming, Social Psychology and Cultural 
Anthropology. For either a B.A. or B.S. degree, 
students will ordinarily be expected to do a 
Senior thesis concerning some aspect of the 
local environment. Additional supporting 
courses in the natural and/or behavioral sci- 
ences will be recommended depending upon 
the specific direction a student wishes to take. 

Students may obtain emphasis in Earth Sci- 
ences by selecting courses in geology, ocean- 
ography and astronomy along with a broad 
selection of courses in chemistry, biology and 
physics and specific in-depth study in one of 
the disciplines of the natural sciences. The 
student's program will be under the guidance 
and approval of a faculty supervisory com- 


This concentration may be elected by a stu- 
dent as a skill area within the management 
major. Students electing finance as a skill area 
within the management major must meet re- 
quirements for the management program. See 
Management for description of those require- 
ments and courses, page 58 


For a major in French, eight courses beyond 
elementary French are required, and students 
may choose from among the following offer- 
ings: Intermediate French 201 and 202, Intro- 
duction to French Literature, Advanced Con- 
versational French, Advanced Composition 
and Grammar, Survey of French Literature to 
1600, The Classical Theatre, 18th Century 
French Literature, 19th Century French Liter- 
ature, 20th Century French Literature, and 
French Area Studies. Supporting work in other 
areas is advisable. Study abroad during the 
Junior year in Avignon at the Institute for 
American Universities (with which Eckerd 
College is affiliated) is strongly recommended. 

A minor in French consists of any five courses 
beyond the elementary level. 

FRC/L 101/2 Elementary French 

Profs. Henry Genz, Rejane Genz 

Intensive practice in speaking, listening com- 
prehension, reading, writing and grammar. 
Listening/speaking practice in the laboratory. 
Prerequisite for 102 is 101 or equivalent. 



FRC 105 Reading French: A Direct 

Prof. Henry Genz 

For students with little or no French, basic 
reading in a short period of time. Vocabulary, 
idioms, grammar, translating French to English 
in the student's major field. Prerequisite: no 
more than one year of college French. Offered 
every third year. 

FRC/L 201/2 Intermediate French 

Profs. Henry Genz, Rejane Genz 

Grammar, lab practice, development of skills 
in speaking, oral comprehension, reading and 
writing. Reading short stories, essays, novel 
excerpts. Prerequisite: 102 or two years of 
high school French. 

FRL 301 Introduction to French 

Prof. Rejane Genz 

Furthering knowledge of French through liter- 
ature. Not a survey of literature: most plays 
and novels by contemporary writers such as 
Gide, Camus, Ionesco. Prerequisite: 202 or 

FRL 302 Advanced Conversational 

Prof. Rejane Genz 

Colloquial French, student suggested topics 
of conversation. Magazine articles, correspon- 
dence, newspapers. Prerequisite: third year 
proficiency; second year students with the 
permission of instructor. 

FRC 402 Survey of French Literature 
to 1600 

Prof. Henry Genz 

Medieval and Renaissance works: La Chanson 
de Roland, Le Roma de la Rose, poems by 

Villon, DuBellay, Ronsard, Gargantua and 
Pantagruel, essays of Montaigne. Taught in 
French. Prerequisite: third year college level 
French.' Offered alternate years. 

FRL 405 20th Century French Literature 

Prof. Rejane Genz 

Contemporary French poets and playwrights: 
Valel-y, Proust, Gide, Claudel, Mauriac, Col- 
ette, Camus. Discussions in French. Prereq- 
uisite: third year French or permission of 
instructor. Offered alternate years. 

FRC 429 18th Century French Literature 

Prof. Henry Genz 

Important literary figures of the period: 
Voltaire, Rousseau, Pre'vost, Condillac, Buf- 
fon, Diderot, Montesquieu. Taught in French. 
Prerequisite: one 300 level course or equiva- 
lent. Offered alternate years. 

FRL 432 19th Century French Literature 

Prof. Rejane Genz 

Important novelists and poets of the period: 
Balzac, Stendhal, Flaubert, Zola, Baudelaire, 
Rimbaud, Mallarme. Prerequisite: three years 
of college French or equivalent, or good reading 
knowledge of French. Offered alternate 

FRC 432 Classical Theater 

Prof. Henry Genz 

Plays by Corneille, Racine, Moliere. Prereq- 
uisite: one 300 level course or equivalent. 

LIL 243C Modern French Culture 
Through Literature 

Prof. Rejane Genz 

For description see Literature, page 54 

CUC 283C French Area Studies 

For description see Cross-Cultural Perspec- 
tive, page 36 


GEC 250 (Directed Study) Geography 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Concepts, theories and substantive material 
of modern geography. Relationship between 
material environment and human cultural 

GEC 350 (Directed Study) World 
Regional Geography 

Prof. Dudley DeGroot 

Relationship of human activities to natural 
environment on world-wide basis. Soils, land 
forms, climate, vegetation, minerals and the 
cultural systems of different areas of the 




For description see Marine Science, 

page 62 


A student who wishes to major in German 
language and literature must complete eight 
courses in that subject beyond elementary 
German. The student must also complete a 
reading list of major German authors or works 
not covered by course offerings. Study abroad 
is strongly recommended. 

GRC 101/2 Elementary German 

Prof. Kenneth Keeton 

Language through films and supplemental 
reading. Method appropriate to need, pattern- 
ing and grammatical analysis. Will enable stu- 
dents to function in German-speaking country. 
Prerequisite: 102 or equivalent for 101. 

GRC 201/2 Intermediate German 

Films produced in Germany provide language 
study, introduction to German culture and 
native language models. Class discussions in 
German. Prerequisites: 102 for 201; 201 for 

GRC 250/1 (Directed Study) Grammar 
Review/Intermediate German 

Programmed courses allow student with lan- 
guage aptitude to move at own pace. Grammar, 
speech, texts and tapes. 

GRC 301/2 Introduction to German 
Literature and Life 

Contemporary German literature and life. 
Readings chosen according to student ability 
and interest. Modern fiction and magazines. 
Prerequisite: 202 or equivalent. 

GR/LIC 304 Novels of Hermann Hesse 
(Directed Study available) 

Hesse's novels in chronological order, tracing 
the development of the man and his writings 
from poetic realism to impressionism. Offered 
in German and in translation. Prerequisite: 
none in translation; advanced standing in 

GRC 311 Advanced Composition and 

Student participation in teaching theoretical 
and practical aspects of grammar. Topical 
discussions and written assignments in the 

GRC 331/332 Special Topics 

Projects based upon current needs and inter- 
ests of students and offered at the discretion 
of the German faculty. 

GRC 350 (Directed Study) German 

Texts and tapes by native speakers. Phonetic 
alphabet, speech patterning, and inflection of 
High German through written and oral exam- 
ples. Required for future teachers of Ger- 

GR/LIC 351 (Directed Study) Life and 
Works of Franz Kafka 

Major short stories, three novels, two volumes 
of diaries of Franz Kafka may be taken in 
either German or English. Prerequisite: none 
in English: advanced standing in German. 

GRC 401/2 The Novel 

A study of the most representative novelists 
from Goethe to the present. Includes Thomas 
Mann, Hermann Hesse, and the writers of pres- 
ent day Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. 

GRC 403/4 Drama 

German drama from Goethe to the present. 
Particular emphasis on drama of the 19th 
century and the present. 

GRC 405 German Culture in North 
America (Directed Study available) 

German settlements in the U.S. and Canada, 
their origin and cultural development, the reli- 
gious and political causes which brought them 
to this continent. Prerequisite: advanced 
standing in German. 

GRC 441/2 Seminar in German 

Included are such topics as Goethe's Faust, 
German poetry, the German no velle, history of 
the German language, independent readings. 
For Seniors. 




Students majoring in history will take a mini- 
mum of eight courses and one winter term 
project, normally in the Junior year, in history. 
At least three courses must be in European 
history and at least three courses must be in 
U.S. history. In addition, Seniors will under- 
take a histographical project in their winter 
term. Each Senior will submit a paper on a 
subject approved by the Mentor, and there 
will be an oral exam focussing on this paper. 
Those students who have demonstrated excel- 
lence in history may be invited to write a Senior 
thesis instead of undertaking the comprehen- 
sive exam and the Senior winter term project. 

HLI 20 IS The Nature of History 

Critical thinking and historical understanding 
through analysis of a particular historical per- 
iod or topic, which may change from year to 
year. Current focus is on World War II, con- 
centrating on historical problems rather than 
general coverage of the war. 

HIC/L 203C Europe in Transition: 

Medieval roots of modern Europe, Renais- 
sance, Reformation, economic and geographic 
expansion, scientific revolution, Enlighten- 
ment, French and Industrial Revolutions. 

HIC/L 204C The Foundations of Contem- 
porary Europe: 1815 to the Present 

Industrial revolution, rise of mass democracy, 
modern political parties, Marxism and class 
conflict, "new" imperialism, World War I and 
its consequences, Russian Revolution, depres- 
sion, rise of dictatorships. Intellectual devel- 
opments of the period. 

HIL 216S Your Family in American 
History (Directed Study available) 

History of student's own family in context of 
American history. Research in family records, 
interviews with family members, background 
reading in recent American social history. 

HIL 223 History of the U.S. to 1877 

Prof. William McKee 

Colonial foundations of American society and 
culture, the American Revolution, develop- 
ment of a democratic society, slavery, Civil 
War, Reconstruction. Various interpretations 
of the American experience. 

HIL 224 History of the U.S. since 1877 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 
Transformation from an agrarian to an indus- 
trial nation. Industrial revolution, urbaniza- 
tion, rise to world power, capitalism, New Deal, 
world wars, cold war, recent developments. 
Social, cultural, political and economic em- 

HIC 23 IS Revolutions in the Modern 

Prof. William Parsons 

Revolution as an idiographic phenomenon 
with examination of the French and Russian 
Revolutions; revolutionary leadership with 
emphasis on Mao Tse-Tung's role in Chinese 
revolution. Revolution as a comparative study. 
Offered in alternate years. 

HIC 232C Global History 

Prof. William Parsons 

History of mankind from Eurasian civilization 
to the present. Cultural diffusion and the inter- 
action of cultures. Reasons for rise of the West 
and interaction of Western ideas and institu- 
tions with the rest of the world since 1500. 
Offered in alternate years. 

HIL 240 History of England to 1714 
(Directed Study available) 

History of England from Roman occupation to 
George I, and it's significance for Americans. 
Norman Conquest, federalism, growth of com- 
mon law, Parliament, Tudor revolution, Angli- 
can Reformation, 17th century revolutions, 
and triumph of parliamentary oligarchy. 

HIL 241 History of Modern Britain 
Since 1714 (Directed Study available) 

Modern Britain from George I to present. 
Industrial Revolution, empire, cabinet system 
of government, transformation from agrarian 
to industrial, welfare state, loss of imperial 
power. Prerequisite: 240 or permission of 

HIC 242C The Rise of Russia 

Prof. William Parsons 

Evolution from 9th century to 1801. Byzan- 
tium, Mongol invasion, conflicts with Germans, 
Poles and Swedes, influence of the West. 
Russian and Soviet historians' interpretations 
of the past. 



HIC 243C Modern Russia and the Soviet 

Prof. William Parsons 

Imperial Russia, Russian revolution, conti- 
nuity and change in Russia, Soviet history, 
Soviet Union as a totalitarian society and as a 
world power. 

HIC 244A Cultural History of Russia 

Prof. William Parsons 

Kievan and Muscovite periods, Europeaniza- 
tion initiated by Peter the Great, Golden Age 
of Russian culture, revolutionary culture, So- 
viet attitudes toward culture. Permission of 
instructor required for Freshmen. Offered in 
alternate years. 

HIL 248A History and Appreciation of 
Modern Painting 

Prof. Keith Irwin 

European painting from Cezanne through 
World War II. Analyzing and appreciating 
painting, lives and personalities of painters, 
schools of art, relationship with events of per- 
iod. Permission of instructor required for 
freshmen. Offered alternate years. 

HIC 250 (Directed Study) Japanese 
Cultural History 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Culture, art, religion, literature, dominant 
values and political structure. Cultural patterns 
and values of present and past. East Asian 
Area Studies in recommended as prerequisite. 

HIL/I 252 (Directed Study) History of 

Urban history of London as the first truly 
modern city. Visit historical sites, museums, 
libraries. Exposure to one of world's great 
cultural, financial and political centers. 

HIL 253 (Directed Study) United States 

Prof. William McKee 

Colonial foundations, American Revolution, 
19th century democracy, slavery, Recon- 
struction, Industrial Revolution, New Deal. 
Social, economic and political developments 
shaping contemporary American society. 

HIL 26 IS Women and the Christian 

Prof. Olivia Mclntyre 

The changing role of women from early Chris- 
tianity through the middle ages, the reforma- 
tion, the 19th century and the contemporary 

HIL 301 American Economic History 

Prof. William McKee 

Industrial Revolution, role of entrepreneur, 
rise of corporations, development of organized 
labor, Progressive Movement, New Deal, 
development of present mixed economy and 
prospects for future American capitalism. 

HIL 321 Women in Modern America: the 
Hand that Cradles the Rock 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

Feminist theory, growth of women's move- 
ments, minority women, working women, 
changes in women's health, birth control, 
images of women in literature and film. 
Changes in women's position in America. 

HIL 322 The U.S. as a World Power 

Prof. William McKee 

History of foreign policy: imperialism, inter- 
nationalism, isolationism, pacifism, collective 
security, "New Left" anti-imperialism. Recent 
controversies over Cold War. Prerequisite: 
some previous work in American history or 
political science. 

HIL 323 From the Flapper to Rosie the 
Riveter: History of Women in the U.S. 

Prof. Carolyn Johnston 

History of American women and the family, 
images of women in popular culture and liter- 
ature, impact of the Great Depression and 
World War II on the family. 

HIC/L 331-332 Special Topics 

In addition to opportunities for independent 
study and research, faculty will occasionally 
offer special topics courses. 

HIL 341 A Medieval-Renaissance Art and 

Prof. Keith Irwin 

Art and architecture of medieval and Renais- 
sance periods in western Europe and the char- 
acter of the change in vision and artistic prod- 
uct. Films and slides. Permission of instructor 
required for Freshmen. Offered alternate 



HIL 345 American Social and Intellectual 
History I 

Prof. William McKee 

American culture, thought and social institu- 
tions to 1865: Puritanism, Enlightenment, 19th 
century democracy, slavery, racism. Prereq- 
uisite: previous college level work in American 

HIL 346 American Social and Intellectual 
History II 

Prof. William McKee 

American culture, thought and social institu- 
tions from 1865 to present: Darwinism, indus- 
trialism, Progressive Movement, liberal de- 
mocracy in the 20th century. Prerequisite: 
previous college work in American history. 

HIL 347 Recent American History: The 
Historians' View of Our Times (Directed 
Study available) 

Prof William McKee 

Current trends in interpreting U.S. history 
since World War II. Transformation of Amer- 
ican society since 1945 and the new position of 
the U.S. in world affairs. 

HIL 348 The New Deal 

Prof. William McKee 

America during the 1930's; impact of the 
depression on American life, and contributions 
of the New Deal. Not open to Freshmen. Pre- 
requisite: at least one course in American 
history, political science, or a related field. 

HIL 350 (Directed Study) History of the 
British Empire-Commonwealth Since 1783 

Causes, nature and consequences of British 
imperial expansion in the 19th century and 
reasons for collapse of British power in the 
20th century. Prerequisite: college course in 
modern European or British history. 

HIL 351 (Directed Study) The Industrial 
Revolution in America 

Prof. William McKee 

Industrial, economic and social change which 
produced a transformation of American so- 
ciety, and the reaction of Americans to these 
changes. Prerequisite: some previous work in 
American history. 


HIL 352 (Directed Study) The 
Progressive Movement 

Prof. William McKee 

One of the great movements for reform in 
American history: Progressivism as political 
movement, presidential leadership, reform of 
society, intellectual development. Prerequi- 
site: previous work in American history or 
political science. 

HIL 36 1C An Introduction to Modern 

Prof. Olivia Mclntyre 

Political, social, economic and intellectual 
development of France from the revolution to 
the fall of De Gaulle's government. 

HIL 363 The Renaissance 

Prof. Olivia Mclntyre 

Intellectual, cultural, political and economic 
conditions which interacted to create the 
Renaissance, and its transmission to northern 

HIL 364 The Reformation 

Prof. Olivia Mclntyre 

Reformation theology in its political and insti- 
tutional context. Theology and structure of 
each branch of the Reformation, and the politi- 
cal contexts of the various movements. 

HIL 367 Paris and the Enlightenment 

Prof. Olivia Mclntyre 

Social, political and intellectual developments 
of 18th century France as manifested in the 
people and events of Paris. Students may pur- 
sue topics in their own discipline. 

CUC 283C Soviet Area Studies 
CUC 388C Sino-Soviet Conflict 
For descriptions see Cross-Cultural Per- 
spective page 36 

AML 306S American Myths, American 


AML 307S Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 

Reactionaries and Reformers 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, 
Gender and American Culture 

AML 309S The American Industrial 


For description see American Studies, 

page 25 

Human Resources 


An interdisciplinary major designed to pre- 
pare students for graduate work and/or para- 
professional careers in the helping fields. It 
has a core course program of the following: 

1. Introduction to Human Resources 

2. Statistical Methods 

3. Ethics in the Helping Professions 

4. Psychology of Consciousness 

5. Human Services Administration or Organ- 
izational Behavior and Leadership 

6. Community Mental Health: Theory and 

7. Introduction to Clinical and Counseling 

A minimum of seven other courses are required 
in the emphasis area or track of the student's 
choice, including an extensive 224 hour off- 
campus internship in the chosen track. Stu- 
dents may choose tracks in the emphasis area 
of their choice, such as mental health, leisure 
services, holistic health, youth services, early 
childhood, human services administration. In 
addition, students (in conjunction with their 
Mentor) have the option of individually de- 
signing their own track. 

Strongly suggested courses include: Introduc- 
tion to Psychology, Introduction to Sociology, 
Introduction to Social Work, Socialization: 

Requirements for a minor in human resources 
include completion of five courses determined 
in cooperation with a faculty member in the 
human resources discipline. 

HRA 101 Introduction to Human 

Prof. Sarah Dean 

Overview of the helping professions; study of 
life stages with accompanying needs, crises, 
passages; community family support systems; 
intervention approaches; relationships between 
personal values and life problems. Field trips. 

HRA 203 The Adolescent Experience 

Prof. Mark Smith 

Changes, events and circumstances of the per- 
iod between childhood and adulthood. Social 
learning theory, going beyond and beneath 
stereotypes and impersonal perspectives. 
Prerequisite: PSB 101S or HRA 101 or per- 
mission of instructor. 

HRA 204 Socialization: A Study of 
Male/Female Roles 

Prof. Sarah Dean 
Socializing processes affecting men and wo- 
men; social roles and their origins, sexual dif- 
ferences, effects on mental health and unifying 
aspects of masculine/feminine nature; influ- 
ence of culture, understanding socialization 
processes. Recommended: HRA 101 or PSB 
lOlSorSLB 101S. 

HRA/SLB 225 Introduction to Social 

Prof. Dana Cozad 

Introduction to profession, practice, history 
and value bases of social work. General systems 
framework utilized. Current professional 
trends in the local community, newspaper 
reading and guest lecturers. Prerequisite: 
HRA 101 or a behavioral science course. 

HRA 269S Leisure and Lifestyle 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Analysis of leisure theories, concepts and 
principles and the identification of psycho- 
logical, sociological, and economic trends that 
influence leisure behavior. Students develop 
personal leisure awareness and philosophy. 

HRA 270 Leisure Services Programming 
and Leadership 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Programming principles and methods of lead- 
ing leisure activities. Instruction combines 
lecture, group discussion, and student-led 
activities. Prerequisite: 101. 

HR/PSA 302 Gestalt Theory and 

For description see Psychology, page 72 

HRA 305 Human Services for Special 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Characteristics, needs and intervention impli- 
cations for handicapped populations. Prereq- 
uisites: PSB 101S, SLB 101S and HRA 101. 

HR/PSA 308 Introduction to Clinical and 
Counseling Psychology 

HR/PSA 309 Behavior Disorders 

For descriptions see Psychology, page 73 


Human Resources 

HRA 310 Activity as Therapy 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Activity therapy in hospitals, agencies, nursing 
homes, public and private institutions for the 
disabled, and the planning process involved in 
treatment. Prerequisite: HR/PSA 308. 

HRA 321 Practicum in Leisure Services 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Supervised leadership experience in an ap- 
proved agency setting for Junior leisure ser- 
vices students. Weekly class discussions and 
problem solving. Minimum 10 hours per week 
in agency of student's choice. Prerequisite: 
101 and 270. 

HRA 325 Counseling Strategies 

Profs. Sarah Dean, Claire Stiles 

In-depth investigation of systems of counseling 
and growth, such as transactional analysis, 
client-centered, rational emotive reality as well 
as particular counseling strategies for women. 
Prerequisite: HR/PSA 308 or permission of 

HRA 326 Counseling for Wellness 

Profs. Thomas West, Claire Stiles 

Holistic/wellness paradigm to health — in- 
volving social, physical, emotional, spiritual, 
mental and vocational aspects. Theory, re- 
search, alternative health care, counseling 
procedures. Prerequisites: HRA 101, PSB 
101S, HR/PSA 308 or permission of instructor. 
Offered alternate years. 

HRA 327 Community Mental Health 

Prof. Margaret Malchon 

Theory, practice, development and evaluation 
of community mental health systems. Survey 
of local programs; overview of prevention and 
early intervention strategies; practice in de- 
signing programs for the Eckerd College com- 
HR/PSA 308 and permission of instructor. 

HRA 372 Leisure Counseling: Facilitating 
Leisure Experience 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Overview of leisure counseling and education 
leisure. Philosophical issues, historical per- 
spectives, significance of leisure counseling in 
contemporary society, implementation of ser- 
vice. Prerequisites: 101 and 305. 

HRA 386S Ethical Issues and the 
Helping Professions 

Prof. Sarah Dean 

What makes professionals ethical or unethical? 
Relationships between ethics and personal 
and societal values explored; in-depth look at 
helping professions such as counseling, law, 
health and medicine, ministry; making ethical 

HRA 401 Internship in Human Resources 

Prof. Sarah Dean 

A field-based learning experience; 224 hours 
of off-campus placements, such as centers for 
drug abuse, delinquency, women's services, 
mental health. Prerequisite: Senior standing 
and permission of instructor. 

HRA 402 Biofeedback Training: Theory 

Prof. Margaret Malchon 

History, theory and practical applications of 
biofeedback as an intervention technique for 
physical and mental health problems and in 
wellness counseling. Instrumentation, relaxa- 
tion and treatment plans. Prerequisites: PSB 
101S and/or HRA 101 and HR/PSA 308. 

HR/PSA 403 Practicum in Peer 

Prof. Margaret Malchon 

Developing skills in interviewing, assessing 
individual problems and strengths. Role played 
and videotaped counseling sessions, super- 
vised counseling experience appropriate to 
student's level. Prerequisites: PSB 101S or 
HRA 101, HR/PSA 308 and permission of 

HRA 404 Human Services 

Prof. Claire Stiles 

Basic principles and distinctiveness of human 
service organizations, administrative tools 
and techniques, facilitating the change pro- 
cess, value tensions and coping with strategies. 
Junior or Senior standing or permission of 

HRA 405 Practicum in Group Work 

Prof. Margaret Malchon 

Theory, process and clinical applications of 
group counseling. Use of group techniques 
with different populations and settings. Video- 


International Studies 

taped and role played group sessions. Prereq- 
uisites: PSB 101S or HRA 101, HR/PSA 308 
and ED/PSA 207. 

See also Psychology courses, page 72 


This interdisciplinary major coordinated by 
the Letters Collegium is a flexible way to study 
enduring human issues, since it is designed by 
a student and Mentor around a central focus 
(e.g., historical period, geographical area, cul- 
tural/intellectual movement) and a methodol- 
ogy provided by five courses from one core 
discipline (art, foreign language, history, liter- 
ature, music, philosophy, political science, reli- 
gion, sociology, theatre) and five other com- 
plementary courses. At least five courses 
must be beyond the introductory level. Hu- 
manities students will be encouraged to parti- 
cipate together in selected integrative humani- 
ties courses. A guiding committee of three 
faculty from disciplines in the student's pro- 
gram will be selected by the Junior year, 
which will design and evaluate the Senior 
comprehensive exam, or may invite the student 
to write a Senior thesis. 


The international business major is designed 
to provide students with a variety of proficien- 
cies and experiences related to career oppor- 
tunities and/or preparation for graduate work. 
The major is supervised by a four member 
faculty committee, one from foreign languages, 
one from the discipline offering the cultural 
area courses, one from the management disci- 
pline and one from International Education. 
Requirements for the major are: 


Five courses in one language, with demon- 
strated conversational skills, or the equivalent. 

Area Studies 

Two area studies approved by the Comparative 
Cultures faculty. 

Study Abroad 

A winter term, summer term or semester 
abroad within an appropriate International 
Education program, or an individualized study 
under the direction of a member of the faculty 

General Prerequisites 

Introduction to Anthropology, Principles of 
Accounting, The Managerial Enterprise, Prin- 

ciples of Marketing, Principles of Macroeco- 
nomics, a course in international political sci- 
ence, and a course in international economics. 

International Business 

The Cultural Environment of International 
Business, International Marketing, Interna- 
tional Finance and Banking, and the Senior 
Seminar/Comprehensive Examination. (Pre- 
requisite to international business courses is 
either Statistical Methods, College Algebra, 
Calculus I or Introduction to Computer Sci- 

International students should confer with the 
major faculty, as there are special requirements 
more suited to them. 

IB/MNC 485 International Marketing 

Prof. Joseph Bearson 

International product management, pricing in 
foreign markets, multinational distribution 
and business logistics systems, world-wide 
promotion programs, international market 
and marketing research. 

IBC/MNB 486 International Finance and 

Prof. Naveen Malhotra 

International banking system, foreign exchange 
risk management, long run investment deci- 
sions, financing decisions, working capital 
management, international accounting, tax 

IBC 410/498 Senior Seminar: 
Multinational Business Operations 

Offered during winter term. 


An interdisciplinary major in international 
studies may be built around economics, politi- 
cal science, history or anthropology, and may 
include such fields as philosophy, religion, lit- 
erature, art. The major, developed with and 
supervised by a three member faculty com- 
mittee, should form a consistent pattern of 
courses that focus on one foreign nation or 
cultural area of the world, or on a global topic 
involving nations from different parts of the 

The major will include a minimum of ten 
courses, with at least five from one of the core 
disciplines. Five of the ten courses must be 
beyond the introductory level. The student is 


Italy Offerings 

required to complete the following: at least 
two years of college level foreign language; at 
least two courses in the same cultural area of 
the world, one of them to be an advanced 
course or independent study beyond the level 
of Area Studies; a winter term, summer term 
or semester abroad within an appropriate 
International Education program, or individ- 
ualized under the direction of one of the mem- 
bers of the faculty committee. 

Serving as a Resident Advisor in an inter- 
national residence house or as an intern with 
the ELS Language Center is also advised. 


usage drills. Practice in both speaking and 
reading. Second and third levels taught as di- 
rected studies. 


JCP 410 Judaeo-Christian Perspectives 
on Contemporary Issues (Directed Study 
available by petition only) 

Team-taught interdisciplinary capstone Senior 
seminar examines the values and perspectives 
of the Judaeo-Christian tradition applied to 
contemporary issues. Required for all Seniors. 

ITI 101/2 Italian Language 

A requirement while studying in the Florence 
program. Classes at the Istituto di Lingua Ital- 
iano, Florence. 

ARI 2/324 Etching 

Intaglio , aquatint, soft ground , sugar life .relief 
printing, air brush ground, dry-point, engrav- 
ing. Prerequisite: proficiency in drawing and 

ARI 244 Drawing 

Line, modeling, chiaroscuro, perspective, com- 
position. Both drawing and watercolor not 
required; however drawing in preparation for 
painting expected. 

ARI 326 Watercolor 

Pigments, brushes, papers, washes, overlay, 
form, chiaroscuro, techniques. 

INI 379C Florence Seminar 

The history and culture of Italy, visiting art 
and history museums and other points of inter- 
est in Florence and vicinity. Required of all 
students in the Florence program. 


J AC 1/2/301 Japanese (Offered in the fall 

JAC 1/2/302 Japanese (Offered in the spring 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 
Dialogues in Japanese, Romanized Japanese, 
and English supplemented by grammar and 



For description see Literature, page 53 


Students majoring in literature must take a 
minimum of eight literature courses, including 
at least one from English literature prior to 
1800, one from English literature after 1800, 
and one from American literature. They will 
work out their schedules with their Mentors, 
according to individual needs. Literature 
majors must successfully pass a Senior com- 
prehensive exam, covering in survey fashion 
English and American literature plus some 
methodological application; course selections 
should be made with this in mind. Special 
topics constitute an essential core of the lit- 
erature program, providing discipline and 
focus on specialized areas which prepare stu- 
dents for the depth and clarity of study required 
for graduate school or a serious career in lit- 
erature. Specific titles vary, depending on 
student interest, contemporary issues, and 
faculty research. In exceptional cases, students 
who have established their proficiency in lit- 
erature may be invited to write a Senior thesis 
on a subject of their choice, in place of the 
comprehensive exam. 

For a minor in literature students will take five 
courses in literature, one of which may be a 
writing workshop, three of which must be 
Eckerd College courses, and two of which must 
be at the 300 level or above. 


LIA 101 Introduction to Literature: Short 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Short stories and novels, concentrating on crit- 
ical thinking, clear, concise written and spoken 
exposition, and values embodied in great works. 
Attendance is required. 

LIA 102 Introduction to Literature: The 
Four Genres 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Plays, poems, novels and short stories, con- 
centrating on critical thinking, clear, concise 
written and spoken exposition, and values 
embodied in great works. Attendance is re- 

LIL 211 A Literature for Life 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Readings chosen to give pleasure, cultivate 
taste, impart understanding of basic human 
values and concerns (love, violence, com- 
munity, religion), and develop a life-long love 
of literature. 

LIA 221 American Literature I: The 
Puritans to Whitman 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Literature of 17th, 18th and 19th century 
America. The development and transfiguration 
of American attitudes toward nature, religion, 
government, slavery, etc., traced through liter- 
ary works. 

LIA/L 103A Readings in Poetry, Fiction 
and Drama: An Introduction 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Concentrating on certain novels, e.g., Gide's 
The Counterfeiters, Kafka's The Castle, an 

anthology of poetry, and a book of short stories 
and plays, approaching works stylistically as 
well as thematically. 

LIL 109 Introduction to Poetry 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Major forms and traditions of poetry through 
masterpieces and experiments in English and 
American literature. Techniques such as met- 
rical analysis, tone, image, theme and unity. 

LIL 222A American Literature II 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Survey of American literature from the mid- 
19th century to the present. Dickinson, Twain, 
James, Crane, Pound, Eliot, Frost, Stevens, 
O'Neill, Hemingway, Faulkner, Lowell, O'Con- 
nor, Welty and a range of contemporaries. 

LIA 225A Modern American Poetry 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Major American poets from 1900 to 1950, 
concentrating on the meaning and values ex- 
pressed in the poems, the development of 
modernism, and the reflection of America as 
our society developed. 

CRA 202A Literature and Vocation 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective, 

page 24 

LIA 202 Journalism 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Basic news story, in-depth reporting, reviews, 
features, editorials, editing, layout, social and 
legal issues facing the press. 

LIL 210A Literary Themes: Literature as 
Human Experience 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Basic human experiences (innocence and 
experience, conformity and rebellion, love and 
hate, the presence of death) approached 
through great poems, stories and plays. Liter- 
ature from 400 B.C. to the present. 

LIA 226A Literary Genres: Short Novels 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

The short novel and ways in which it differs 
from shorter and longer fiction, how literature 
embodies values, and practice in the enuncia- 
tion and defense of reasoned critical opinions. 
Attendance is required. 

LIA 227A Contemporary Fiction, 
Contemporary Values 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Writings from around the world, exploring so- 
cial interaction between characters (lovers, 
enemies, families), between strata of society 
(men/women, black/white, rich/poor), and be- 
tween authors and ourselves. 

LIA/ANC 230 Linguistics 

Profs. Howard Carter, Hendrick Serrie 

The scientific study of language and its con- 
text: the elements of language and its uses in 



personal thought, social interaction, cultural 
values and institutions. 

LI/RUC 232 Russian Classics in 

For description see Russian, page 76 

LIL 232 Literary Themes: Love Poetry 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Survey of great love poems of all times and 
places. Sexual love put in context of other 
loves, such as love of beauty, love ©f God, of 
friends and of family. 

LI/RUC 234 Soviet Literature in 

For description see Russian, page 76 

LIL 235 An Introduction to Shakespeare: 
Motley, Murder, and Myrrh 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Shakespeare through sampling each dramatic 
genre: comedy, tragedy, history and romance. 
Learn to appreciate and evaluate his writings, 
and the characteristic distinctions among the 

LIL/THA 236/7 History of Drama I, II 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Two semester course; either may be taken 
independently. Part I includes Greek drama 
through the Restoration and 18th century. 
Part II includes pre-modern, modern and con- 
temporary classics. 

LIL 238 English Literature I: Beowulf to 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

General survey from the Old English to the 
Neoclassic period, highlighting the historical 
traditions which the authors create and upon 
which they draw. 

LIL 239A English Literature II: 1800 to 
the Present 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

General survey of British literature from 1800 
to the present, including Romantic, Victorian, 
modern and contemporary writers. The his- 
torical tradition and outstanding individual 

LIA 240A Literature and the Erotic 

Prof. Howard Carter 

The many forms of the erotic in literature, 
including the dialectic of the sexes, the per- 
vasive sense of love in both the sensuous and 
the godly, self-deluding forms of infatuation, 
and affirmation in general as an aesthetic 

LIA 241 A Great American Novels 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Great American novels, their narrative art, 
their reflection of American culture, their en- 
gagement of the readers' hearts and minds, 
exploring some of life's great questions as 
revealed by masterful writers. 

LIL 243C Modern French Culture 
Through Literature 

Prof. Rejane Genz 

Twentieth century French society through 
translations of plays, novels, essays and auto- 
biographies of such great French writers as 
Camus, Sartre, de Beauvoir, Colette, Saint 
Exupery, Mauriac. 

LIA 250A (Directed Study) Children's 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

The best of children's literature in various 
genres. Student will do either a creative (e.g., 
writing children's story) or scholarly (e.g., essay 
on history of nursery rhymes) project. 

LIL 250 (Directed Study) Shakespeare: 
The Forms of his Art 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

For students unable to enroll in LIL 235 An 
Introduction to Shakespeare, or those wishing 
to pursue further work on Shakespeare inde- 

LIA 2/352 (Directed Study) American 
Fiction: 1950 to Present, I, II 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Students who have done little reading in this 
area should take 252. Those with some ac- 
quaintance with contemporary American fic- 
tion should take 352. 

LIA 267S Literature and Medicine 

Prof. Howard Carter 

The relationship between the sick person and 
the caregiver, and the relationship between 



the reader and the writer who describes, and 
sometimes criticizes, the first relationship, to 
deepen understanding of health care issues. 

LIL 271 Drama as Genre 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Tragedy comedy and tragicomedy: the impor- 
tance of language, from poetry to slang. Writ- 
ings of important critics through the ages. 
Theatre productions, televised plays. 

LI A 281 A The Rise of the Novel: Western 
Narrative I 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Some of the great works of the Western tra- 
dition, the fantastic and the realistic, following 
the guided dreams of narrative and its explor- 
ation of our imaginations and our worlds. 

LIA 282A the Modern Novel: Western 
Narrative II 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Modern writers and some of the questions of 
modern times: alienation, depth psychology in 
fiction, assessments of techology and urban 
life, sources of hope in humanism and literary 

LIA 301 Southern Literature 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Southern novels, short stories and plays, iden- 
tifying what is "Southern" among them. Works 
by McCullers, Warren, Faulkner, O'Connor, 
Percy, Price, Porter, Ganes. Attendance re- 

LIL 303 British Literature: 18th Century 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

British literature from the death of Dryden to 
the beginning of the Romantic Age. Major 
writers including Locke, Swift, Pope, Addison, 
Jonson, Fielding, Sterne. Major Enlighten- 
ment themes and genres. 

LI/GRC 304 The Novels of Hermann 

For description see German, page 45 

LIL 305A Women as Metaphor: 
Investigating our Literary Heritage 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Investigating European, Canadian and Amer- 
ican literature with emphasis on metaphors 
for women, what it is to be human, and values 

choices. Conceptions of women through the 
ages as presented in literature. 

LIL 308 the Dramatic Moment: the Poetry 
of John Donne and Ben Jonson 

Prof. Julienne Empric 
The poetry of Donne and Jonson, comparing 
their ideas and techniques, their relationships 
to themselves, their beloved and the world, 
and examining perplexities held in common 
across the centuries. 

LIL 309 Literary Themes: Religion in 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Poems, stories, novels and plays which deal 
with religious experience. Selections from Old 
Testament, Dante, Herbert, Milton, Dickin- 
son, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Eliot, Auden and 

LIL 320 British Literature: Modern 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 
Survey of British literature from the 1880's to 
World War II, and an attempt to define 
"modernism" in poetry. Poets include Hop- 
kins, Hardy, Yeats, Housman, Eliot, Auden 
and Thomas. 

LIL 323 British Literature: the Victorian 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 
British poetry and prose during the reign of 
Victoria (1837-1901). Major writers including 
Tennyson, Browning, Arnold, Hopkins, Dic- 
kens, Ruskin, Hardy. Victorian themes and 
intellectual preoccupations. 

LIL 324 British Literature: the Romantic 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Pre-Romantics of late 18th century through 
major artists of the next two generations. 
Burns, Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Scott, 
Shelley, Keats, Byron. Major Romantic themes 
and genres. 

LIL 325 A Men and Women Together: 
Examining our Literary Heritage 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Understanding the roles (or "metaphors") for 
men and women involved in societal or indi- 
vidual choices, through the study of great works 
of Western literature. 



LIL 327 Chaucer to Shakespeare 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Survey of major authors and forms of early 
English non-dramatic poetry, with emphasis 
on Chaucer, Spenser and Shakespeare. 

LIA 328E Literature and Ecology: 
Writings About the Earth Household 

Exploring through literature the myths, ideas 
and attitudes which shape ecological practice. 
Understanding our heritage and using that 
knowledge to keep the earth household alive 
and healthy. 

LIA 334 20th Century European Fiction 
(Directed Study available) 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Novels representing various countries, domi- 
nant literary movements and most influential 
authors. One or more novels may be read in the 
original language. Prerequisite: one college 
level literature course. 

LIL 338 20th Century British and 
American Drama 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Representative dramatic forms through works 
by O'Neill, Williams, Miller, Eliot, Osborne, 
Pinter, Beckett, Arden, Stoppard, and the 
influences which helped shape modern drama. 
Prerequisite: any course in drama. 

LIA 347 Great Prose 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Non-fiction prose, largely from the Western 
tradition, asking how authors use language to 
enquire into various topics and to lead the 
mind and imagination of the reader. 

LIA 350A (Directed Study) Modern 
American Novel 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Ten or twelve major American novelists of the 
first half of the 20th century from Dreiser 
through Richard Wright. Ideas, themes and 
analysis of writing style. 

LIA 351 (Directed Study) 20th Century 
American Women Artists and Writers (c. 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

Women artists and writers in the social and 
cultural context of their times. Students choose 

from among photography, dance, poetry, prose. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher. 

LI/GRC 351 (Directed Study) Life and 
Works of Franz Kafka 

For description see German, page 45 

LIA 352 (Directed Study) American 
Fiction: 1950 to Present II 

For description see LIA 252. 

LIA 360 Values in Contemporary British 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Poems of such varied contemporary poets as 
Hope (Australian), Heaney (Irish), Hughes, 
Larkin (English), Ormond (Welsh), Atwood 

LIC 360 Modern Japanese Literature in 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Sampling of novels, short stories and poetry 
written during the past century, revealing the 
Japanese point of view regarding themselves 
and the world. 

LIA 361 Literary Criticism 

Prof. Howard Carter 

A study of literary theory and criticism using 
the most important figures in the West from 
Plato to the present. Prerequisite: one college 
level literature course. 

LI/THA 362A Film and Literature 

Profs. Howard Carter, Richard Rice 

Elements of film production, major film gen- 
res, literary sources and analogues, and some 
of the critical approaches of film study. 

CRA 365 Mothering, Fathering, 
Friending: Explorations in Human 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

Interdisciplinary approach: how culture mani- 
fests the values of nurturance through myths, 
symbols, power, presence in our lives, affirma- 
tions, and taboos. 

LIA 367 William Blake 

Prof. Howard Carter 

Major works, critical interpretations and bio- 
graphical material of William Blake, visionary 


London Offerings 

who anticipated some major modern concepts. 
Prerequisite: two literature courses or permis- 
sion of instructor. 

LIL 372 Tragedy and Comedy 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Range of periods and genres: drama, film, 
television. Critical opinions on what distin- 
guishes the tragic and the comic. 

LIA 380A Images of the Goddess 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

Myths, archetypes and symbols surrounding 
the Goddess, "god-talk," and "godthinking" 
through the study of Christian mystics, Jungian 
psychologists, contemporary poets, novelists 
and theologians. 

LIA 382A Poetry and Values in 
Contemporary America 

Prof. Peter Meinke 

Poems of post- 1950 American poets, various 
movements that developed and the values they 
represent, and the difficult relations between 
the poet and society. 

CRA 384A 20th Century American 
Women in the Arts 

Prof. Nancy Corson Carter 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective 
Courses, page 24 

LIA 403 American Fiction Since 1950 

Prof. Sterling Watson 

Best of American fiction since 1950, selecting 
from such authors as Didion, Ellison, Mala- 
mud, Mailer, O'Connor, Kesey, Yates, Morris, 
Bellow. Attendance is required. 

LIL 425 Seminar on Shakespeare 

Prof. Julienne Empric 

Plays and poems, language, structure, setting, 
characterization, themes, traditions. Limited 
to Senior literature majors, with others by 
permission of instructor. 

LIL 430 John Milton Seminar 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Milton's sonnets, epics, drama and prose, in 
the context of his life and times. 

LIL 435 T.S. Eliot and W.B. Yeats 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

Transformation of Romanticism through the 
works of two of the greatest poets of the past 
hundred years. 

LIL 440 The Mythical Method: Yeats, 
Eliot and Joyce 

Prof. Jewel Spears Brooker 

The narrative method of telling a story with 
beginning, middle and end, compared with 
experiments of three modern masters with an 
alternative method, fragments unified by ref- 
erence to myth. 

LI/SPC 450/1 (Directed Study) The 
Artistry of Federico Garcia Lorca I, II 

For description see Spanish, page 81 


ARI 251 (Directed Study) A History of 
English Architecture 

Prof. Arthur Skinner 

For the London semester student, an intro- 
duction to the history of English architecture, 
from Anglo-Saxon times to the present. No 
prerequisites, but some contact with art or art 
history is recommended. 

ARI 321 A Art Patronage in London 

Hogarth, Reynolds, Stubbs and Turner stud- 
ied in depth. Collections of George IE, Sir 
John Soane, Duke of Wellington and other 
connoisseurs of the period discussed and 

ECI 201S Economic and Social Problems 
in Britain 

Contemporary problems in such areas as the 
industrial and class structures, economy, labor, 
ethnic minorities and sexual equality. 

ECI 450 (Directed Study) History of 
Economic Thought 

Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

The evolution of economic ideas as developed 
and expounded by Western economists and 
the linkage between changing economic ideas 
and socio-political conditions. Prerequisites: 
ECB 28 IS land 282S or permission of in- 


London Offerings 

EDI 351 (Directed Study) British 
Innovative Education 

Prof. Molly Ransbury 

The British preschool play group, middle 
school, infant school, and open university as 
primary models for American educational 

HII 240 (Directed Study) History of 

England to 1714 

HII 241 (Directed Study) History of 

Modern Britain Since 1714 

HII 252 (Directed Study) History of 


For descriptions see History, page 46 

INI 350 (Directed Study) The Maritime 
Heritage of England 

Prof. John Ferguson 

The influence of the sea on the English nation, 
its contribution to economic development and 
the values of its people, through readings and 
visits to museums and historic sites. 

INI 389C British Seminar 

Required for students in the London semester. 
The historical, institutional and contemporary 
issues of Britain, with particular attention to 
London. Visiting experts in various fields, 
excursions and readings help students develop 
understanding of Britain today. 

The British Seminar is valid as a Cross-Cultural 
Perspective course in Comparative Cultures, 
Creative Arts and Letters. It is not valid as a 
Cross-Cultural Perspective course in Behav- 
ioral or Natural Sciences. 

MNI 2/300 International Business and 

Prof. Derek Dauies 

Theories, techniques, institutions and pro- 
cesses. Similarities and differences arising 
from cultural, economic, political and legal 
differences in countries. Attention to condi- 
tions in U.S.A., Great Britain, Western Eur- 
ope, Japan. 

PLI 351 (Directed Study) History of 
Science in Great Britain 

Prof. Peter Pau 

Modern science in Great Britain from 1600 to 
the present, concentrating on a field of scientific 
research and a particular British scientist of 

the student's choosing. Visits to historical 
scientific institutions. 

PSI 350 (Directed Study) Youth 
Experience in a Changing Great Britain 

Prof. Jeffrey Howard 

The impact of recent events on British youth 
through face-to-face encounters and an exam- 
ination of the institutions which shape their 
lives. Prerequisite: PSB 202 or a course in 
child development and consent of the in- 

THI 365A Theatre in London 

London theatre, including backstage tours 
and guest lectures, covering drama from clas- 
sical to modern. For students with a general 
interest in theatre, of whatever major. 


The management/leadership programs are 
designed to prepare the student to compete 
effectively for entry into management/leaders 
careers of the student's choice through either 
undergraduate or pre-Masters of Business 
Administration programs. 

The Three Basic Management Programs 

The management programs are designed to 
meet three categories of student needs: under- 
graduate majors in management; minors in 
management; and dual majors. 

The management program is designed both to 
prepare students for entry level positions in 
management and to provide the necessary 
educational foundation for admission into 
MBA (Master of Business Administration) 
programs. Many institutions offering graduate 
programs in business give graduate credit or 
waive graduate courses where students have 
developed adequate proficiencies at the un- 
dergraduate level. The management curricu- 
lum is designed to maximize these benefits by 
providing a strong core progam leading to a 
B.A. degree in Management. 

All management majors are required to com- 
plete the following core requirements: 
Freshman Computers and MIS or 

Introduction to Computer 

Statistical Methods 



Quantitative Methods or 
Calculus I 

(or Managerial Economics, 
normally taken in the Junior or 
Senior year) 

Sophomore Principles of Accounting 

Junior Business Law 

The following courses may not be taken until 
the student has Junior or Senior status: 

Junior Managerial Enterprise 

Principles of Marketing 
Organizational Behavior/ 


Senior Business Policy and Strategic 

Comprehensives in Management 

Concentrations in management may be elected 
in accounting, business administration, finance 
and investments, marketing, and personnel 
and human resources management. For the 
requirements of these concentrations, see the 
management faculty. 

A minor in management consists of the follow- 
ing five courses: either Computers and MIS or 
Introduction to Computer Science, Managerial 
Enterprise, Principles of Marketing, Organi- 
zational Behavior, and either Principles of 
Accounting or Finance. 

Students must also meet all general education 
requirements to graduate. 

MNB/MAN 120 Quantitative Methods for 
Economics and Management 

For description see Mathematics, page 63 

MNB/CSN 202 Cobol Programming 

Problem solving using the Cobol Language. 
Daily assignments, programming assignments, 
hour tests, final examination. Prerequisite: 
CSN 103M or 143M and permission of the 

MNB/PLL 242S Ethics of Management: 
Theory and Practice 

Prof. Judith Green 

Ethical theories as they relate to personal and 
organizational decisions, policies and actions. 
Analyzing situations which require moral de- 
cisions in the organizational context. Sopho- 
more or higher standing. 

MNB 271 Principles of Accounting 

Prof. Robert Lyon 

Accounting principles used in the preparation 
and analysis of financial statements, accumu- 
lating of business operating data and its clas- 
sification for financial reporting. Balance sheets 
and income statements. 

MNB 272 Computers and Management 
Information Systems 

Decisions that must be made by managers 
pertaining to computers and information sys- 
tems. Computer terminology, hardware and 
programming, selecting computer and data 
base systems, etc. 

BMN 273 Life Career and Personal 
Financial Planning 

Profs. Ted Dowd, Naveen Malhotra 

Integration of life's values and goals into career 
objectives in order to develop a personal finan- 
cial plan to increase one's quality of life. Of 
special interest to non-management majors. 

BMN 275 The Sex-Role Revolution in 

Issues related to the history, problems and 
prospects of women in management. The 
impact of the sex-role revolution on women 
and men in corporations (the course is not for 
women only). 

MNB 276 An Introduction to Public 

Basic concepts and processes, organization 
theory, budgeting, personnel administration, 
policy analysis, systems theory. Prerequisites: 
introductory behavioral science course and 
Sophomore or higher standing. Not offered 
every year. 

MNB 278 Business Law 

Principles, rationale and application of busi- 
ness law and regulations. Contracts, Uniform 
Commercial Code, creditors' rights, labor, 
torts and property, judicial and administrative 

MNB/C 32 IS Consumer Behavior and 

Profs. Joseph Bearson, Jacqueline Nicholson 

Contributions of the behavioral disciplines 
(psychology, sociology, anthropology) to un- 
derstanding the consumer decision-making 



process. The impact and value issues of the 
consumer movement. 

MNB 334C Industrial and Organizational 

Prof. Hendrick Serrie 

Applications of anthropology in business, 
industry, rural development programs, foreign 
and domestic governmental agencies. Ethical/ 
moral problems. Field projects. Offered alter- 
nate years. 

MNB 361 Business History 

Prof. George Odiorne 

The growth of managerial enterprise from 
Colonial to modern times, its origins and devel- 
opment and the individuals important in its 
evolution. Prerequisites: 368 and one semester 
of American history. For Juniors and Seniors 

MNB 368 The Managerial Enterprise 

Concepts, theories and management styles of 
contemporary managers. Communication, 
motivation, planning, directing, controlling, 
organizing. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior 

MNB/C 369 Principles of Marketing 

Profs. Joseph Bearson, Jaqueline Nicholson 
Principles, problems and methods in distribut- 
ing and marketing goods and services. Pre- 
requisites: ECB 281 and one introductory 
behavioral science course, plus Junior or Sen- 
ior standing. 

MNB 370 Organizational Behavior and 

Prof. Bart Tebbs 

Major factors affecting behavior in organiza- 
tions. Motivation, group and team dynamics, 
macroorganizational factors, leadership. Pre- 
requisite: Junior or Senior standing. 

MNB 371 Intermediate Accounting 

Prof. Robert Lyon 

The use of accounting data in directing and 
controlling a company's operation. Product 
cost and line profitability, budgeting, profit 
planning, cost and financial statement analysis. 

MNB 372 Managerial Accounting 

Prof. Robert Lyon 

The information utilized by operating man- 

agement in decision making: determination of 
product cost and profitability, budgeting, pro- 
fit planning, utilization of standard cost and 
financial statement analysis. 

MNB/C 373 Marketing Communications 

Profs. Joseph Bearson, Jacqueline Nicholson 

Processes and functions of promotion, stra- 
tegies incorporating creative use of advertising, 
publicity, merchandising, direct selling, and 
sales promotion. 

MNB/C 374 Market Intelligence 

Profs. Joseph Bearson, Jacqueline Nicholson 
Collection and measurement of data on market 
identification, sales forecasting and marketing 
strategy development. Market research, cost/ 
revenue breakdowns, competitive analysis, 
others. Prerequisite: 369 

MNC 375 Marketing Channels and 

Prof. Joseph Bearson 

Comparative marketing methods. Distributing 
products to consumers with optimal efficiency 
and economy. Prerequisite: 369. 

MNB 376 Personnel Management 
(Available by Directed Study for off- 
campus and summer term only) 

Managing human resources in an organization. 
Behavioral concepts, specialization, staffing, 
compensation, collective bargaining. Of value 
to management, human resources and edu- 
cation majors. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior 

MNB 377 Finance: the Institutional 

Prof. Naveen Malhotra 

A survey of financial markets and institutions 
in both the public and private sectors and their 
impact on society. Prerequisites: MNB 271 
and 368, ECB 281 and 282, and Junior or 
Senior standing. 

MNB 378 Finance: the Investment 

Prof. Naveen Malhotra 

Exploration of financial operations in the 
investment world with emphasis on the private 
sector. Prerequisites: MNB 271 and 368, 
ECB 281 and 282, and Junior or Senior 



MNB 379 Retail Organization and 

Prof. Jacqueline Nicholson 

Retail merchandising, promotions, physical 
facilities, personnel, planning, pricing, legal- 
ities, research techniques, store images, mar- 
ket targets. Prerequisite: 369. 

MN/ANC 385C The Cultural Environment 
of International Business 

For description see Anthropology, page 26 

MNB 396/496 Personnel Planning and 
Industry Research I, II 

Prof. William Pyle 

Theory and practice of personnel and human 
resources management (PHRM) planning and 
applied research in organizations. Students 
participate in ongoing industry research pro- 
jects of the Human Resources Institute (e.g., 
personnel strategic planning, environmental 
scanning for personnel functions such as re- 
cruitment and training). Prerequisite: 376 and 
permission of instructor. 

MNB 410/498 Business Policy and 
Strategic Management 

The management comprehensive winter term 
project in Business Policy and Strategic 
Management will fulfill the Senior Seminar 
requirement in management. 

MNB 469 Federal Income Tax 

Prof. Robert Lyon 

Tax liability determination, capital gains and 
losses, corporation taxes, Subchapter S cor- 
porations, partnership taxation. Outside as- 
signments and case studies. Prerequisite: 

MNB 471 Advanced Accounting 

Prof. Robert Lyon 

Interpretation and application of recent pro- 
nouncements of the Financial Accounting Stan- 
dards Board. Balance sheets, income, changes 
in financial position, financial disclosure state- 
ments. Prerequisite: 371. 

MNB 472 Fairness in Selecting and 
Evaluating Employees 

Prof. Bart Tebbs 

Ethical, legal and organizational considera- 
tions, Wanous Model, discrimination, test and 

evaluation fairness. Prerequisites: BEB 260M 
or MAN 133 and one behavioral science intro- 
ductory course. 

MNB 474 Organizational Development 
and Behavior Management: an 
Introduction and Comparison 

Prof Bart Tebbs 

Behavioral science principles and practices 
applied to organizational effectiveness and 
behavior modification. For management, psy- 
chology, human resources and education 
majors. Prerequisites: Senior standing and 
permission of instructor. 

MNB 475 Investment Analysis 

Profs. Ted Dowd, Naueen Malhotra 

Advanced investment course focusing on in- 
depth analysis of specific investment alterna- 
tives using the computer and other sophisti- 
cated techniques. Prerequisites: 377 or 378. 

MNB 477 Entrepreneurship 

Prof. Ted Dowd 

Study of talents, qualities, values and expertise 
necessary to conduct profit and non-profit 
ventures contributing to society. Entrepre- 
neurial project. Prerequisites: 278, 369, 377 
or 378, and instructor's permission. 

MNB 479 Corporate Finance 

Profs. Ted Dowd, Naueen Malhotra 

An advanced finance course dealing with 
foundations of financial management used in 
organization decision making. Prerequisites: 
272, 377 or 378, and instructor's permission. 

MNB 480 Proctoring in Management 

Prof. George Odiorne 

For Senior management majors, leadership 
experience as group trainers using study groups 
from the Managerial Enterprise course. Pref- 
erence given to students who have completed 
comps; others by permission of instructor. 

MNB/IBC 485 International Marketing 

MNB/IBC 486 International Finance and 

For description see International Business, 
page 51 


Marine Science 

MNB 496 Personnel Planning and 
Industry Research II 

For description see MNB 396. 

MNB 498/410 Business Policy and 
Strategic Management 

For description see MNB 410/498. 

MNI 2/300 International Business and 

For description see London Offerings, 

page 58 


The marine science major provides both an 
integrative science background and specialized 
foundation work especially suitable for stu- 
dents planning professional careers in marine 

Required for a B.S. are: Marine Inverte- 
brates, Marine Geology, Concepts of Chem- 
istry I and II, Calculus I and II, Fundamentals 
of Physics I and II, Introduction to Physical 
Oceanography, and Marine Science Topics. In 
addition, the specified courses in one of the 
following tracks must be included: Marine 
Biology — Marine Botany, Cell Biology, Ecol- 
ogy or Marine Vertebrates, Genetics, Physi- 
ology, and Statistics. Marine Chemistry — 
Organic Chemistry I and II, Analytical Chem- 
istry, Physical Chemistry I, Experimental 
Chemistry I, and an approved chemistry elec- 
tive. Marine Geophysics — Introductory 
Geology, Calculus III, Differential Equations, 
Classical Mechanics, Exploration Geophysics, 
and Geodynamics. 

Required for a B.A. are: an introductory 
oceanography course, Marine Science Topics, 
and ten other courses from the above list, of 
which at least three must be at the 300-400 

All marine science majors are urged to incor- 
porate Sea Semester into their Junior or Senior 
year, or participate in an alternative field ex- 
perience, possibly during winter term. 

A minor in marine science consists of five 
courses approved for marine science, including 
at least one from each defined track. These 
must not duplicate those used by students to 
satisfy major requirements. 

MSN 207E Introduction to Geology 

Prof. William Sayre 

Mineralogy, crustal movements, volcanism, 

ground and surface water, glaciation; history 
of the earth, its inhabitants and surface fea- 

MSN 208E Environmental Geology 

Prof. William Sayre 

Geological hazards and our use and abuse of 
the earth. Methods of preservation, conser- 
vation and sustained yield. 

MSN 242 Marine Geology 

Prof. William Sayre 

Geological history of the oceanic environment. 
Marine geological and geophysical exploration 
techniques. Provides complete introduction 
to geological oceanography. 

MSN 303 Exploration Geophysics 

Prof. William Sayre 

A laboratory course in theory, methods and 
applications; computer methods and geolog- 
ical applications emphasized. Prerequisites: 
Calculus II and MSN 207E or 242. 

MSN 305 Marine Stratigraphy and 

Prof. William Sayre 

Facies and basin analysis, sedimentary tec- 
tonics. Interpretation of clastic and chemical 
sedimentary rocks to infer processes, environ- 
ments, and tectonic settings in the marine en- 
vironment. Prerequisite: 207E or 242. 

MSN 307 Marine Geochemistry 

Prof. David Jennings 

Sources of pollutants and products of erosion 
in the sea, processes of removal, radiometric 
dating of sediments, porewater chemistry and 
sediment diagnosis. Practical field and lab 
techniques. Prerequisites: CHN 121 and 

MSN 308E Introductory Meteorology 

Prof. David Jennings 

The origin of the atmosphere, the scientific 
principles underlying weather patterns, and 
everyday phenomena such as cloud forma- 
tions, rainbows, mirages and halos. Weather 
folklore and allusions in literature, and the 
effect of weather on history. 


MSN 342 Descriptive Physical 

Prof. David Jennings 

Physical properties of seawater, distributions 
of water characteristics in the oceans, water, 
salt and heat budgets, circulation and water 
masses, waves and tides, coastal oceanogra- 
phy. Prerequisite: PHN 241 or permission of 

MSN 404 Geodynamics 

Prof. William Sayre 

Folding and faulting, stress and strain, elas- 
ticity, flexture, heat transfer, and rheology of 
rocks. Prerequisites: Calculus II and MSN 
207E or 242. 

For other courses meeting marine science 
requirements, see Biology, Chemistry, 
Mathematics, Physics, Statistics, Sea 
Semester, and Environmental Perspective 


A marketing concentration may be elected by 
a student as a skill area within the management 
major. Students electing to do so must meet 
requirements for the management program. 
See Management for descriptions of those 
requirements and courses. 


The basic requirement for either the B.A. or 
B.S. degree is the completion of eight math- 
ematics courses numbered above 233. Inde- 
pendent study courses in special topics in 
mathematics also may be used in satisfying 
this requirement. This wide flexibility permits 
a program of study to be tailored to the indi- 
vidual student's interests. The Mathematical 
Sciences Seminar is required in the Junior and 
Senior years. All mathematics courses taken 
are applicable to the collegial requirement of 
12 natural science courses for the B.A. degree, 
and 16 natural science courses for the B.S. 

A minor in mathematics requires completion 
of five mathematics courses of which at least 
three are numbered above 233. 

MAN 101M College Algebra 

Polynomial algebraic and rational functions 
and their properties. Analytical geometry/ 

sketching graphs, zeros of functions, mathe- 
matical induction, equations and inequalities. 

MAN 103M Trigonometry 

Functions and their graphs: inverses, expo- 
nential and logarithmic functions, proving 
identities, solving equations and developing 
complex numbers. Prerequisite: 101M or two 
years of high school algebra. 

MAN 104M Mathematics for Liberal Arts 

Applications of mathematics to real problems: 
graphing, equations and inequalities, proba- 
bility, statistics, consumer mathematics, use 
of computer. Students will use calculators. 

MAN 105M Precalculus Mathematics 

A combination of college algebra and trigo- 
nometry to the depth necessary for the study 
of calculus. Use of calculators is expected. 

MAN/MNB 120 Quantitative Methods 
for Economics and Management 

A variety of mathematical tools are studied 
which are useful in helping managers and econ- 
omists make decisions. Prerequisite: 101M or 
placement at the 131M level. 

MAN 131M Calculus I 

First in two course sequence. Applications to 
physical sciences and economics. Prerequisite: 
101M, 105M or two years of high school alge- 
bra, and qualifying score on placement test. 

MAN 132 Calculus II 

Continuation of Calculus I. Exponential, loga- 
rithmic and trigonometric functions, formal 
techniques and applications. Taylor polyno- 
mials and infinite series. Prerequisites: 103M 
or 105Mand 13 1M. 

MAN 133 Statistics, an Introduction 

Probability and statistics, and their uses in the 
natural sciences. Prerequisite: 131M. Credit 
will be given for only one of MAN 133 or BEB 

MAN 143 Discrete Mathematics 

Algorithms, induction, graphs, digraphs, per- 
mutations, combinations; introduction to 
probability, logic, Boolean algebra, differential 
equations. Emphasis on discrete rather than 
continuous aspects. Prerequisite: 131M. 



MAN 233 Calculus III 

Three-dimensional analytic geometry, partial 
directional derivatives, extrema of functions 
of several variables, multiple integrations. 
Prerequisite: MAN 132. 

MAN 234 Differential Equations 

Existence and uniqueness theorem, linear 
differential equations of second or higher 
orders, Frobenius and Laplace methods, nu- 
merical methods for solving differential equa- 
tions. Prerequisite: 132. 

MAN 236 Linear Algebra 

Vector spaces, linear transformations, ma- 
trices, eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and system 
of linear equations. Prerequisites: 13 1M and 
permission of instructor, or 132. 

MAN 237 Combinatorial Mathematics 

Topics fundamental to applied mathematics 
that deal with finite or discrete sets. Prereq- 
uisites: 13 1M and permission of instructor, or 

MAN 238 Optimization Techniques 

Maximization and minimization with and with- 
out constraints; introduction to linear and non- 
linear programming. Prerequisite: 233. 

MAN 333 Probability and Statistics I 

Probability theory, random variables and 
sampling, distribution functions, point and 
interval estimation, regression theory, non- 
parametric tests and mathematical develop- 
ment of topics. Prerequisite: 132 or permis- 
sion of instructor. Offered alternate years. 

MAN 334 Probability and Statistics II 

Continuation of MAN 333, which is prereq- 
uisite. Offered alternate years. 

MAN 335 Abstract Algebra I 

Two-course sequence. Naive set theory, inte- 
gers, groups, rings, integral domains, vector 
spaces, development of fields. Prerequisite: 
132 or 236. Offered alternate years. 

MAN 336 Abstract Algebra II 

Continuation of MAN 335, which is prereq- 
uisite. Offered alternate years. 

MAN 337 Foundations of Geometry 

Euclidian and non-Euclidian geometry with 
axiomatic approach. Appropriate for prospec- 
tive teachers. Prerequisite: 132 or permission 
of instructor. 

MAN 341 Numerical Analysis 

Students are assumed to know a programming 
language such as PASCAL or BASIC, or be 
able to use programmable pocket calculator 
with permanent memory. Prerequisite: 233 or 
permission of instructor. 

NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

For description see Senior Seminars, 
page 77 and NAN 438. 

MAN 433 Real Analysis I 

First in two-course sequence. The real num- 
bers as a complete ordered field. Prerequisite: 
233. Offered alternate years. 

MAN 434 Real Analysis II 

Continuation of MAN 433, which is prereq- 
uisite. Offered alternate years. 

NAN 438/410 Mathematical Sciences 
Seminar (2-year sequence) 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors who are 
majoring in physics, computer science, and 
mathematics. Application of the mathematical 
sciences with nature and folklore included. 

MAN 499 Independent Research — 

Senior mathematics majors may, upon invi- 
tation of the mathematics faculty, do research 
and write a thesis under the direction of a 
member of that faculty. 

See also Computer Science, page 33 


The Medical Technology program offers stu- 
dents a B.S. or B.A. degree by completing 
three years of general studies here and a fourth 
year of professional course work at a hospital 
which has been approved by the Council on 
Medical Education of The American Medical 

The general studies program at Eckerd College 
must include a minimum of eleven courses in 



the Natural Sciences which are required for 
certification: four courses in biology (including 
microbiology and immunology); four courses 
in chemistry (including organic), one course in 
mathematics (normally calculus), and two 
courses in physics. Completion of the all- 
college general education requirements is 
expected of all graduates. Senior general edu- 
cation courses should be taken in advance. 

The professional course work taken during the 
Senior year requires that the student spend 12 
months in training at a certified hospital to 
which he/she has gained admission. The stu- 
dent receives college credit for the laboratory 
courses taken in that clinical setting. The bac- 
calaureate is awarded on successful comple- 
tion of this course work with a major in inter- 
disciplinary science. 

In addition, the student receives certification 
by the American Society of Clinical Pathol- 
ogists (ASCP) after passing an official exam- 
ination. Supervision of clinical course work 
during the Senior year is carried out by a Pro- 
gram Director (an M.D. certified in clinical 
pathology by the American Board of Pathology) 
and an Educational Coordinator (a medical 
technologist certified by the Registry of Medical 
Technologists). At Bayfront Medical Center, 
where we have sent most of our students, these 
two people are R.A. Essman, M.D., and John 
F. Ulrich, M.A.T. (ASCP). 


For description see Marine Science, 
page 62 


MLR 100 Introduction to Military 

Prof. Kevin Keating 

Mission, organization and contemporary issues 
of the U.S. Army. Leadership techniques, in- 
ternational relations. Possible career opportun- 
ities. A two semester course for one credit. 

MLR 200 Military Leadership 

Prof. Kevin Keating 

Principles of leadership and accomplishing 
goals under adverse conditions. Classroom 
and laboratories. A two-semester course for 
one semester credit. 


A major in modern languages consists of a 
minimum of eight courses above the elemen- 
tary level in a primary language, with a Senior 
thesis or comprehensive exam in that lan- 
guage, plus four courses in a secondary lan- 
guage above the elementary level, as deter- 
mined by the individual disciplines. The over- 
all comprehensive exam will include the 
secondary language. The examining committee 
will consist of professors of both languages, 
and the proficiencies examined on the courses 
taken will be: understanding, speaking, reading 
and writing. It is strongly recommended that 
students include as electives courses that are 
related to the languages pursued. A minimum 
of one month of residence abroad in the envi- 
ronment of the primary foreign language is 


The major in music consists of Comprehen- 
sive Musicanship courses I, II, III, IV, V and 
VI, plus two additional music courses. In addi- 
tion, a student must be enrolled for one hour 
per week in applied music instruction and par- 
ticipation in one of the ensemble programs, 
operating through the music discipline during 
each term of residency. 

A minor in music shall consist of a minimum of 
five courses: Comprehensive Musician I; two 
other Comprehensive Musicianship courses; 
one course elected from the discipline's offer- 
ings; approval by the discipline faculty to ensure 
balance in the student's program; and one 
performance course. The performance course 
may be either an applied music, or ensemble 
course or a combination of the two for one 
semester each. A student may elect to take 
more than one performance course, but only 
one will be credited toward the minor in 

MUA 145 Comprehensive Musicianship I: 
for Majors 

Prof. William Waters 

Fundamentals of tonal harmony, practice in 
four-part chordal writing, sightreading, ear 
training and analysis of simple homophonic 
styles. Two one-hour labs in aural skills re- 
quired each week. 



MUA 221 Introduction to Music 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

The best and most significant music of the 
West approached stylistically and historically, 
with special focus on Stravinsky's Petrushka. 
Not intended for music majors. 

MUA 341 Comprehensive Musicianship 
III: the Baroque Period 

Prof. William Waters 

The literature and associated stylistic analysis 
of music from Monteverdi through Bach (c. 
1600-1750). Prerequisite: 145 or permission 
of instructor. 

MUA 224 Jazz, its Music and Style 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Roots and developments of jazz, with emphasis 
on such innovators and synthesizers as Louis 
Armstrong, Thelonius Monk and Sonny Rol- 

MUA 226A American Music and Values 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Impact of the American pioneer experience on 
folk, popular and art music. Slave songs to 
electronic works. Freshmen discouraged from 

MUA 242 Comprehensive Musicianship 
II: Medieval and Renaissance Music 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

History, theory, performance practices and 
cultural context of Western music from the 
start of the Christian era to 1600. Prerequisite: 
145 or equivalent. 

MUA 245 Choral Literature and 

Prof. William Waters 

Study and performance of masterworks of 
choral music. Concerts given both on and off 
campus. Chamber chorus chosen from mem- 
bership of the larger group. Two semesters 
required for one course credit. Admission by 
audition with instructor. 

MUA 246 Instrumental Ensemble 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Participation in small ensembles for strings, 
brass or woodwinds. Repertoire from Renais- 
sance to present. Four hours per week for two 
semesters earns one course credit. Permission 
of instructor required. 

MUA 266/7 Music Projects I 

Opportunities for study in special topics in 
performance, research, and areas of study not 
provided for in regular semester courses, by 
permission of instructor. 


MUA 342 Comprehensive Musicianship 
IV: Music of the Classic Period 

Prof. Joan Epstein 

Development of 18th century classical style 
through the music of Haydn, Mozart and 
Beethoven. Prerequisites: 145, 242, and 341 
or permission of instructor. 

MUA 350 (Directed Study) 20th Century 

Prof. William Waters 

Important works by major composers of this 
century, listening to recordings of their works, 
along with the history of the period. Open to all 
students; ability to read standard musical scor- 
ing at minimal level helpful. 

MUA 361 Advanced Tonal Harmony 

Prof. William Waters 

A continuation of MUA 145, from modulatory 
techniques through the chromaticism of the 
late 19th century. Two one-hour labs in aural 
skills required each week. Permission of in- 
structor required. 

MUA 366/7 Music Projects II 

For advanced music students who wish to pur- 
sue work on specialized topics in depth, includ- 
ing composition. Permission of instructor 

MUA 442 Applied Music 

Studio instruction in voice, piano, organ, string, 
brass and woodwind instruments. One private 
lesson, one hour class meeting, and a mini- 
mum of six hours per week individual practice 
required for two semesters, for one course 
credit. Permission of instructor required. 

MUA 443 Comprehensive Musicianship 
V: The Romantic Period — the 19th 

Prof. William Waters 

A study of the music of the 19th century from 
late Beethoven through Schubert, Brahms, 
Chopin and Wagner, among others. Prereq- 
uisite: 145 or permission of instructor. 


MUA 444 Comprehensive Musicianship 
VI: Contemporary Period 

Prof. William Waters 

Beginning with Debussy, contemporary music 
through the various mainstream composers. 
Post World War II events, such as aleatoric, 
electronic and computerized composition are 
included. Prerequisite: 145 or permission of 


A concentration in personnel and human re- 
sources management may be elected by a stu- 
dent as a skill area within the management 
major. Students electing to do so must meet 
requirements for the management program. 
The PHRM concentration should not be con- 
fused with the human resources major which is 
designed to prepare students for the helping 

See Management, page 58 


Students majoring in philosophy will develop 
with a Mentor a program with a minimum of 
eight philosophy courses, choosing at least 
two from Introduction to Logic, Introduction 
to Philosophy, and Ethics; at least three from 
the History of Philosophy four-course series; 
the remainder should be upper level courses 
representing the student's particular interests, 
integrative in relation to courses taken in other 
fields, and should help provide perspective for 
the whole liberal arts program. 

A minor in philosophy consists of five philo- 
sophy courses, to be approved by the philo- 
sophy coordinator. 

PLL 102M Introduction to Logic 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Methods of critical and logical analysis of 
language and thought. Helps develop critical, 
analytical reasoning and linguistic precision. 

PLL 201 Science in the Ancient World 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Mesopotamian, Egyptian and Greek science, 
3000 B.C. to A.D. 200. Relationship of science 
to philosophy. Helps scientists and non-scien- 
tists understand the roots, nature and structure 
of science. 

PLL 230 Philosophy of Religion 

The conceptual aspects of religion: natural 
and supernatural, religious experience, sources 
of religious knowledge, faith and reason in the 
past and future. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 24 IS Ethics 

Prof. Judith Green 

Various systems for judging good and bad, 
right and wrong. Definitions of the good life, 
ethical theories and their application to issues 
such as abortion, civil rights, war and peace 
censorship, etc. 

PLL/MNB 242S Ethics of Management: 
Theory and Practice 

Prof. Judith Green 

For description see Management, page 59 

PLL 244 Social and Political Philosophy 

Prof. Judith Green 

Major theories of civil order which have been 
influential in the West. Contemporary political 
theory examined in light of classical tradition 
and historical movements. Offered alternate 

PLL 101 Introduction to Philosophy 
(Pirected Study available) 

Thoughts of such philosophers as Berkeley, 
James, Plato, Lucretius and Sartre. Personal 
philosophical thinking developed by recogniz- 
ing and appreciating the philosophical thinking 
of others. 

PLL 261 A Philosophy and Film 

Prof. Judith Green 

Viewing films, discussing them, and reading 
philosophical essays about film, art, believing, 
and the difficulties of living well. How themes 
from some major contemporary films reflect 
persisting philosophical themes. 

PLL 262S Philosophy of Sport 

Prof. Judith Green 

Historical and contemporary philosophical 
analyses of the potential value of sport and the 



difficulties in realizing that value. The strategic 
lessons, symbolic dangers and ethics of sport. 

PLL 301 Alchemy 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Historical study of alchemy, its theory, goals 
and methods, comparing the spiritual and 
mystical aspects of alchemy with the structure, 
nature and philosophy of modern science. 

PLL 321 History of Philosophy: Greek 
and Roman 

The rise of philosophy, 600 B.C.-A.D. 100, 
with emphasis on natural philosophy. Pre- 
Socratics, Sophists, Stoics, Epicureans, Plato 
and Aristotle. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 322 History of Philosophy: Medieval 
and Renaissance 

Philosophy of high middle ages: the medieval 
mind, Augustine, Anselm, Aquinas, Scotus, 
Ockham, and Renaissance philosophies. Re- 
lation between faith and reason. Not open to 
Freshmen. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 323 History of Philosophy: 17th-18th 

Descartes through Kant as response to the 
Scientific Revolution. Comparison of rational- 
ism and empiricism. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 324 History of Philosophy: 19th 

Kant, German Idealism, Utilitarianism, social 
and scientific philosophy, existentialism, 
Hegel, Schopenhauer, Marx, Kierkegaard, 
Nietzsche, others. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 325 History of Science 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Physical science from 600 B.C.-A.D. 1700. 
Major discoveries and scientists, different 
approaches to science, the interrelationship 
between science and society. 

PLL 342 20th Century Philosophical 

Development of philosophical analysis and 
existentialism as the two main philosophical 
movements of the 20th century. Freshmen 
require permission of instructor. Offered alter- 
nate years. 

PLL 344 Varieties of Marxism 

Prof. Judith Green 

Selections from Marx, Engels, Lenin, Trotsky, 
Stalin; Chinese, Latin American and European 
interpretations of Marx. Some background in 
philosophy, economics or political theory re- 
quired. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 345 Symbolic Logic 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Logic as an object of study, not an inferential 
tool. Derivability, completeness, analyticity, 
categoricity and consistency. Prerequisite: 
102M or permission of instructor. Offered 
alternate years. 

PLI 351 (Directed Study) History of 
Science in Great Britain 

For description see London Offerings, 
page 58 

PLL 360 Philosophy of Science 

Prof. Peter Pav 

Recent controversies on the scientific expla- 
nation between formal logical analysis and the 
informal, heuristic aproach. Analysis of laws 
and theories. Examples from the history of 
science. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 361 Contemporary Ethical Theory 

Prof. Judith Green 

Major contemporary schools of thought in 
moral philosophy. Prerequisite: some back- 
ground in philosophy, religious studies, psy- 
chology, literature or related disciplines. 

PLL 362 Contemporary Political 

Prof. Judith Green 

Major contemporary schools of thought in po- 
litical philosophy. Prerequisite: some back- 
ground in philosophy, political science, history, 
economics, American studies or literature. 

LTL/NAN 283E The Growth and Nature 
of Scientific Views 

LTL 303E The Scientific Revolution and 
Human Values 

LTL 304E Science, Technology and 
Human Values 

For description see Environmental Perspec- 
tive, page 42 




A major in philosophy/religion will include 
eleven courses, five in philosophy, five in reli- 
gious studies, and Philosophy of Religion. The 
program will ordinarily culminate in a Senior 
thesis. Required courses in philosophy are: two 
from 101, 102M, 241; two from 321, 322, 324; 
one upper-level course. Required courses in 
religious studies are: 201S; one from 203C, 
204C; three upper-level courses. Additional 
upper-level courses in each discipline are 
recommended, and any change in these re- 
quirements must have the approval of faculty 
of both disciplines. 


For the B.A. degree, students majoring in 
physics normally take the following courses: 
Fundamental Physics I, II, III, Electronics, 
Classical Mechanics, Electricity and Magne- 
tism, Quantum Physics I, Calculus I, II, III. For 
the B.S. degree, additional courses normally 
included are Quantum Physics II and selected 
advanced mathematics courses, along with 
Senior Thesis, and Concept in Chemistry I, II. 
The Mathematical Sciences Seminar is re- 
quired in the Junior and Senior years. Students 
may arrange independent or directed study 
courses in advanced subjects to suit their 


PEB 121 Principles of Physical Education 

Prof. James Harley 

Investigating physical education as a career. 
Minimum 20 hours in local schools in pre- 
internship program. Personal interview re- 
quired. Open to upperclass students. 

PEB 123 Fitness and Skills 

Prof. James Harley 
Introduction to many skills, with emphasis on 
promoting a lifetime of physical activity through 
at least one skill. Vigorous exercise program 
for the entire year. Medical clearance required. 
Open to upperclass students. 

PEB 321 Athletic Coaching 

Prof. John Mayotte 

Social-psychological problems of coaching 
today, the role of sports, developing a philo- 
sophy of coaching. Sports programs from youth 
leagues to collegiate athletics. Teaching styles, 
training, sports psychology. 

The following activities are available, but 
do not carry course credit: 

Red Cross Advanced First Aid and 
Emergency Care 

Red Cross Beginning Swimming 

Red Cross Intermediate and Swimmer 

Red Cross Advanced Lifesaving 

Red Cross Water Safety Instructor 

Beginning Tennis 

Advanced Tennis 

PHN 241 Fundamental Physics I 

Prof. Wilbur Block 

Three course sequence, Fundamental Physics 
I, II, III, presents a contemporary view of con- 
cepts in elementary form. Prerequisite: MAN 
131M or permission of insructor. 

PHN 242 Fundamental Physics II 

Prof. Harry Ellis 

Second of elementary physics sequence. Pre- 
requisite: 241 or permission of instructor. 

PHN 243 Fundamental Physics III 

Prof. Harry Ellis 

Continuation of elementary physics sequence. 
Prerequisite: 242 or permission of instructor. 

PHN 341 Classical Mechanics 

Prof. Wilbur Block 

Particles and rigid bodies, elastic media, 
waves, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formula- 
tions of dynamics. Prerequisites: PHN 242 
and MAN 234 or permission of instructor. 

PHN 342 Electricity and Magnetism 

Prof. Harry Ellis 

Maxwell's equations in the study of electric 
and magnetic fields, AC and DC circuits. Elec- 
tromagnetic wave theory introduced. Prereq- 
uisites: PHN 242 and MAN 234 or permission 
of instructor. 

NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

For description see Senior Seminars, 
page 77 



NAN 438/410 Mathematical Sciences 
Seminar (2 Year Sequence) 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring 
in physics, computer science and mathematics. 
For description see Mathematics, page 64 

PHN 443 Quantum Physics I 

Prof. Harry Ellis 

Modern quantum theory and relativity. Com- 
parison of classical and quantum results. 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 

PHN 444 Quantum Physics II 

Prof. Harry Ellis 

Three-dimensional wave equation and appli- 
cation to hydrogen atoms. Identical particles 
introduced with emphasis on low-energy scat- 
tering. Prerequisite: 433 or permission of 

A non-mathematical study of creation and 
evolution, starting with the Big Bang theory 
and concentrating on the physical universe. 

NAN 151 (Directed Study) The World of 

Prof. Irving Foster 

The creation of life, the evolutionary history of 
the biosphere, and the study of life in com- 
munities provide an overview of life on earth, 
past and present. 

NAN 251 (Directed Study) The Futures of 
Humanity: Worlds of Science Fiction 

Prof. Irving Foster 

Student will gain an awareness of the many 
possible futures which can grow from the 
potentialities already present, through a study 
of science fiction. 

PHN 499 Independent Research — 

Outstanding students majoring in physics nor- 
mally are invited to engage in active research 
and to prepare a thesis in lieu of a Senior 
comprehensive exam. 

NAN 204 Electronics 

Prof. Wilbur Block 

Electronic circuit theory utilizing modern 
electronic techniques and instrumentation. 
Prerequisite: PHN 242 or permission of in- 

NAN 205 Descriptive Astronomy 

Prof. Wilbur Block 

Origin and evolution of the solar system, and 
our relationship to the universe. Telescopic 
observation sessions of moon, planets and 

NAN 209E Our Environment: The 

NAN 244E Energy and Environment 

NAN 282E The Long Journey 

For decription see Environmental 
Perspective, page 42 


NAN 150E (Directed Study) The 

Prof. Irving Foster 



Students majoring in political science will 
affiliate with either the Letters or Behavioral 
Science Collegium. Both require the comple- 
tion of Introduction to American National 
Government and Politics, Introduction to 
Comparative and International Politics, and 
six additional political science courses of the 
student's own choosing, including at least one 
from each member of the political science fac- 
ulty other than 1 00 level courses. Students are 
encouraged to select appropriate courses sup- 
porting their studies from related disciplines. 
Students majoring through the Behavioral 
Science Collegium are also required to com- 
plete Statistical Methods. 

POL 102S Introduction to American 
National Government and Politics 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

The Constitution, federalism, political parties, 
pressure groups, presidential primaries, con- 
ventions, electoral problems, and the growth, 
functions and powers of the presidency. 

POB 103S Introduction to Comparative 
and International Politics 

Prof. Claud Sutcliffe 

How societies and the world work: how and if 
the world should be changed, and the values 
underlying such decisions; a political under- 
standing of who gets what, how and why. 

Political Science 

POL 22 IS Civil Liberties 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

The interplay of politics and social and eco- 
nomic conditions, and the law in such areas as 
free speech, religion, race and sex discrimi- 
nation, loyalty, poverty, and fair governmental 

LTL 302S Justice, Law and Community 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

Examination of such contemporary issues as 
the limits of freedom in a free society, public 
vs. private morality, religion and the state, 
sexual morality, poverty in an affluent society, 
arbitrary uses of power, and law and order. 

POL 321 The Constitution and 
Government Power 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

Examining those portions of the Constitution 
dealing with governmental structure, relation- 
ships and power. Interrelationship between 
the Courts, the President and the Congress, 
and between national and state governments. 

POL 322 The Constitution and Individual 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

Examining those portions of the Constitution 
dealing with relations between the individual 
and the government (the Bill of Rights, due 
process, equal protection, privileges and 
immunities, etc.). 

POL 323 The American Presidency 

Prof. Felix Rackow 

The Presidency as a political and constitu- 
tional office, its growth and development from 
Washington to the present. 

POB 341C Politics of Underdevelopment 

Prof. Claud Sutcliffe 

An introduction to the politics of underdevel- 
opment in Asia, Africa and Latin America, 
focusing on the causes and consequences of 

POB 342 International Politics and 
World Order 

Prof. Claud Sutcliffe 

Examining theories of world order which offer 
challenging theories on how to create a better 
world, focussing on such issues as violence, 
social and economic well-being, human rights, 
and environmental quality. Prerequisite: 103S 
or permission of instructor. 

POB 344 U.S. Congress 

The U.S. legislative process with major atten- 
tion to the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives. Roles of lawmakers, legislative behavior, 
and representative government in theory and 
fact. Prerequisite: 120S or 323. 

POB 346 Political Parties in the U.S. 

Party organization and functions at national, 
state and county levels, and other institutions 
and activities competing for party functions. 
Prerequisite: two courses in U.S. politics or 
history or social organization. 

POB 348 Urban Political Systems 

Self-government in sub-national political are- 
nas. Prerequisites: at least Sophomore stand- 
ing and two courses in politics, sociology, 
anthropology, economics or history. 

POB 410 Senior Seminar in Political 

Description to be announced 

POB 445 American Foreign Policy 

The policy formation process examined by a 
study of agencies and procedures for formu- 
lating and administering U.S. foreign policy. 
Prerequisite: at least Junior standing and two 
courses in government, history or politics. 

POB 446 Opinion and the Policy Process 

The role of opinion in American politics: survey 
research, elections, parties, interest groups. 
Prerequisite: at least Junior standing and three 
or more courses in political science, sociology, 
psychology, economics, statistics or marketing. 

POB 466 Problems of the Future 

Prof. Claud Sutcliffe 

The search for solutions to important social 
and political issues that students are likely to 
confront during their lifetimes. 


PGC 101/2 Portuguese for Spanish 

Prof. Gerald Dreller 

Brazilian Portuguese through drills in speak- 
ing, writing and understanding both written 
and spoken forms. 




Students majoring in psychology will complete 
a common core of ten courses and a Senior 
Seminar, normally taken in the following se- 

Freshman year: Introduction to Psychology 
(with a C or better), Statistical Methods (with 
a C or better), Human Learning and Cogni- 

Sophomore year: Introduction to Clinical 
and Counseling Psychology, Psychology of 
Childhood and Adolescence, Experimental 
Psychology (with a C or better), Psychological 
Tests and Measurements. 

Junior year: Social Psychology, Biopsychol- 
ory, Personality Theory and Research, Psy- 
chology of Consciousness. 
Senior year: History and Systems, and 
development of an area of special competence 
through advanced study, independent research, 
special topics, advanced courses, practicum 
experience where appropriate. 
A minor in psychology must include PSB 201, 
202, 205, 306, and PSA 308. 

PSB 101S Introduction to Psychology 

Psychological processes, behavior, empirical 
methods, statistical concepts, biopsychology, 
learning, memory, cognition, motivation, 
human development, personality, abnormal 
behavior, social processes, values issues in 
research and intervention in human lives. 

PSB 201 Experimental Psychology 

Prof. James MacDougall 

Research methodology, experiments, analysis 
of data. Observational techniques, correlational 
and laboratory methods. Prerequisites: PSB 
101S and BEB 260M with a C or better. 

PSB 202 Psychology of Childhood and 

Prof. Jeffrey Howard 

Integrative approach to physical/behavioral, 
cognitive/intellectual, social/emotional devel- 
opment from conception to the end of ado- 
lescence. Prerequisite: 101S with a C or 

PSB 203 Psychology of Adulthood and 

Prof. Jeffrey Howard 

Personality, perceptual, physiological, intel- 

lectual and social changes beyond adoles- 
cence. Prerequisite: 10 IS with a C or better. 

PSB 205 Human Learning and Cognition 

Prof. James MacDougall 

Principles of human learning, thinking, crea- 
tivity, formal reasoning, information process- 
ing, problem solving and memory. Prerequi- 
sites: 101S with a C or better. 

PSB 206S Personality and Adjustment 

Prof. Sal Capobianco 

Theories of personality, their relevance to 
everyday living, coping strategies, stress man- 
agement, emotions and other topics on adjust- 
ment. Application of psychological knowledge 
to problems all of us face in our daily lives. 

PS/EDA 207 Group Dynamics 

For description see Education, page 40 

PS/HRA 302 Gestalt Theory and Practice 

Prof Thomas West 

A foundation stone in the human potential 
process, serving therapy, personal growth, 
education, creativity and self-awareness. Pre- 
requisite: PSB 101 with a C or better or per- 
mission of instructor. Offered alternate years. 

PSB 302 Social Psychology 

The study of the individual in a social environ- 
ment, group influence, past and present con- 
cepts and research. Experimental approach to 
understanding social forces which affect indi- 
viduals. Prerequisites: PSB 101S and BEB 
260M with a C or better. 

PSB 306 Personality Theory and 

Prof. Jeffrey Howard 

Advanced course for psychology majors in the 
study of classical and contemporary approaches 
to personality. Prerequisites: 101S, 201, and 
307 with a C or better. 

PSB 307 Psychological Tests and 

Prof Sal Capobianco 

Reliability, validity, psychological and mea- 
surement assumptions underlying interviews, 
self-report inventories, aptitude tests; major 
instruments and their uses; ethical issues in 
testing. Prerequisites: PSB 101S and BEB 
260M with a C or better. 

Religious Studies/Religious Education 

PS/HRA 308 Introduction to Clinical and 
Counseling Psychology 

Prof. Thomas West 

Overview of the helping professions, personal- 
ity theory, human development, processes of 
counseling/therapy, research, self-awareness 
and assessment. Prerequisite: PSB 101S or 
HRA 101. 

PS/HRA 309 Behavior Disorders 

Prof. Thomas West 

Behavior and states of consciousness judged 
by society to be abnormal, deviant or unac- 
ceptable, using such models for understanding 
as the psychoanalytic, medical, behavioristic 
and humanistic-existential. Prerequisites: 
PSB 101S and PS/HRA 308. 

PSB 309 Biopsychology 

Prof. Sal Capobianco 

The application of neurological and neuro- 
physical principles to understanding such 
phenomena as consciousness, instinct, moti- 
vation, learning, thought, language, memory, 
emotion. Appropriate for Juniors and Seniors 
with backgrounds in psychology or natural 

PSI 350 (Directed Study) Youth 
Experience in a Changing Great Britain 

For description see London Offerings, 
page 58 

PSA 383S Psychology of Consciousness 

Prof. Thomas West 

Psychology studies both behavior and con- 
sciousness. This perspective emphasizes 
consciousness, both normal and altered states. 
Theory, research, practices and new paradigms 
of reality, health and creativity. 

PSB 402 Research Seminar in 

Designed for students to do original research. 
Prerequisites: PSB 101S and 201, and BEB 
260M with a C or better, or permission of 

PS/HRA 403 Practicum in Peer 

PS/HRA 405 Practicum in Group Work 

For descriptions see Human Resources, 

page 50 

PSB 410 Senior Seminar: History and 

Prof. Jeffrey Howard 

A synthetic overview of the history and major 
theoretical systems of modern psychology. 
Prerequisites: Senior standing and major pre- 
paration in psychology. 

PS/EDA 421 Psychology for Education 

For description see Education, page 41 

PSA/B 499 Independent Research — 

Psychology majors may elect to devise an 
independent study project with one of the 
faculty. Directed research leading to a Senior 
thesis is available by invitation of the faculty 


See Philosophy/Religion, page 69 


Students majoring in religious studies must 
take the basic course, Introduction to Religious 
Studies, and at least two courses from each of 
the following areas: Biblical studies, historical 
and theological studies, philosophy of religion 
and ethics, and non-Western religions. Com- 
petency in the religious studies major will be 
determined by successful completion of all 
courses and a comprehensive exam or thesis. 
Directed and independent study courses may 
be taken toward fulfillment of this major. 

For a minor in religious studies a student must 
take five courses in the discipline, subject to 
the approval of the discipline staff. 

An interdisciplinary concentration in religious 
education is also available. This concentration 
will entail work in three academic areas: Bib- 
lical and theological studies; psychology and 
counseling studies, and education studies. This 
concentration should appeal especially to stu- 
dents contemplating professional careers with 
church and synagogue, and to students who 
wish to work as lay people in religious insti- 


Religious Studies/Religious Education 

REC/L 201S Introduction to Religious 

Religious experience and ideas as they are 
expressed in such cultural forms as commu- 
nity, ritual, myth, doctrine, ethics, scripture 
and art; synthesizing personal religious ideas 
and values. 

REL 203C Old Testament Judaism 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

The culture of ancient Israel, precursor to 
modern Judaism, through a survey of Hebrew 
literature of the Old Testament period. 

REL 204C New Testament Christianity 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

An introduction to the world of early Chris- 
tianity, with its Hebraic Greco-Roman back- 
ground, through a survey of Christian literature 
of the first two centuries C.E. 

REL 210 Introduction to Christian Ethics 

Prof. David Bryant 

Some major figures in the history of Christian 
ethics, with most emphasis on contemporary 
approaches such as Barth, Niebuhr, Gustafson, 
Fletcher, Ramsey, Dussell. Introduction to 
some of most important issues and methods. 

REC/LTL 220C Life and Death in Indian 
Hindu Culture 

Profs. Gilbert Johnston, Keith Irwin 

Traditional and modern Indian art, literature, 
religious life, city and village life, and the pos- 
sibility of a new secular industrial culture. 

REL 22 IS Religion in America (Directed 
Study available) 

The beliefs, behavior and institutions of Juda- 
ism and Christianity in American life. The 
uniqueness of the American religious exper- 
ience and its impact on American institutional 

REC 240C Non-Western Religions 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

The founders of non-Western religions, their 
life experiences, religious views and the emer- 
gence of their teachings as coherent systems, 
with comparisons to the Judaeo-Christian 


REL 241 Christian Thought and Practice 
Through the Centuries 

Beliefs, behavior patterns and institutional 
structure of the Christian Church through the 
past nineteen centuries. The great theological 
debates, espiscopacy, church-state struggles, 
monastic movement, Reformation and modern 

REL 242C Archaeology of the Bible 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

Archaeological methods, interpretation of 
results of some of the most important "digs," 
and the importance of such study for under- 
standing the Bible. Prerequisite: one college- 
level course in Bible. 

REC 242 The Buddhist Tradition 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Gautama's enlightmenment, the Noble Eight- 
fold Path, development of Buddhist ideas and 
practices as they spread from India to South 
and East Asia, contrasting Western religious 
views with those of another world religion. 

REL 251 (Directed Study) Introduction 
to the Old Testament 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

The history, literature and religion of the Old 
Testament, and the development of the Israel- 
ite religion. 

REL 252 (Directed Study) Introduction 
to the New Testament 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

The most important events and ideas of the 
New Testament, and the origins and principles 
of early Christianity. 

REL 253 (Directed Study) The Life and 
Teachings of Jesus 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

The life and principle teachings of Jesus as 
recorded in the Gospels of the NewTestament, 
reading from primary sources. 

REL 329 Theology and Human 

Prof. David Bryant 

The growth of Latin American, black, feminist, 
and European political liberation theologies 
from earlier forms of theology, their develop- 
ment and contribution to the wider theology, 
and responses to them. 

Russian Studies 

REL 342A Literature of the Bible 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

The poetry, prophecy, law, drama, short story, 
proverbs, parables and epistles in one of the 
world's greatest collections of religious liter- 
ature. Prerequisite: one college-level course in 

REC 343C Religions of China and Japan 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

Confucianism, Taoism, Shinto and religions of 
the modern age; changes in the face of mo- 
dernization, Western pressure and seculari- 

REL 361 20th Century Religious 

In-depth survey of the major religious thinkers 
of the 20th century including Barth, Bultmann, 
Tillich, Niebuhr, Buber, Kung and Moltmann. 

REC 370 The Zen Phenomenon 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

The origins, development of thought, distinc- 
tive practices, impact on Japanese culture, 
and viability outside the Oriental context of 

REL 380 The Idea of God in the Judaeo- 
Christian Tradition 

Prof. David Bryant 

The problem of knowing and talking about 
God, the effect of the idea of God on under- 
standing ourselves, and the development and 
significance of the Christine doctrine of the 
Trinity, historically and today. 

REL 381 Religion and Imagination 

Prof. David Bryant 

Philosophical and theological treatments of 
imagination in religion and in all of life, their 
implications for religion, faith and the role of 
intellectual reflection in religion. Focus on 
Christianity, but principles have broader im- 

REC 386E The Human Environment: 
Religious and Ethical Perspectives 

Prof. Gilbert Johnston 

The role of religious values in coping with such 
environmental concerns as population, food 
and energy shortages, natural resources deple- 
tion, and pollution, along with alternate life 

REL 401 Internship in Religious 

Supervised, field-based experience in church 
work, with a minimum of 150 hours on-site 
experience. Permission of instructor required. 

REL 441 New Testament Perspectives on 
Contemporary Issues 

Prof. Stanley Chesnut 

Research seminar on ethical/theological prin- 
ciples in the New Testament on such issues as 
sexuality, race, war, peace, revolution, non- 
violence, poverty, environment, social justice, 
church and state. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior 
standing and 204C. 


CRA 305 Resident Advisor Internship 

A year-long course for Resident Advisors at 
Eckerd College, beginning in autumn term. 
Communication, paraprofessional counseling, 
crisis intervention, conflict resolution, leader- 
ship training. 


See Military Science, page 65 


The program in Russian studies integrates the 
study of the Russian language with Russian 
history, literature and contemporary Soviet 
reality. Students must complete at least two 
years of college level Russian, and finish five 
courses dealing specifically with Russia; two 
in Russian history, two in Russian literature, 
and one in Soviet Area Studies. Each student 
in this program must also choose a field of 
specialization within Russian studies (usually 
language, literature, history, or social studies) 
consisting of at least four courses in addition 
to those listed above. When appropriate, these 
courses may be independent or directed stu- 
dies, colloquia, and/or thesis preparation. All 
students will have an oral examination covering 
their entire program, in addition to the com- 
prehensive exam in a field of specialization or 
a thesis. 

Requirements for the minor in Russian studies 
include one year of Russian language and any 
four courses in Russian studies. 


Russian Studies 

RUC 101/2 Elementary Russian 

Prof. Vivian Parsons 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking, 
reading and writing grammatical and conver- 
sational patterns of modern Russian. 

RUC 201/2 Intermediate Russian 

Prof. Vivian Parsons 

Review and completion of basic Russian 
grammar, and continued work on conversa- 
tional skills. Prerequisite: 101/2. 

RU/LIC 232 Russian Classics in 

Prof. Vivian Parsons 

Representative works of 19th century Russian 
writers including Pushkin, Lermontov, Gogol, 
Goncharov, Turgenev, Tolstoy and Dostoevsky. 
Offered alternate years. 

RU/LIC 234 Soviet Literature in 

Prof. Vivian Parsons 

Literary and political factors in the develop- 
ment of Soviet literature, studying Sholokhov, 
Pasternak, Solzhenitsyn and other contem- 
porary Soviet prose. Offered alternate years. 

The following two courses are taught in 


RUC 301 Introduction to Russian 

Literature and Culture 

Russian cultural heritage including a survey of 
Russian literature from Pushkin to Solzhe- 
nitsyn. Prerequisite: two years of college Rus- 
sian. Offered alternate years. 

RUC 302 Daily Life in Soviet Society 

Family, education, youth organizations, eco- 
nomic pursuits, mass media, leisure activities, 
etc. Prerequisite: two years of college Russian. 
Offered alternate years. 

CUC 283C Soviet Area Studies 

For description see Cross-Cultural 
Perspective, page 36 

For further courses see History, Philosophy, 
Political Science and Cross-Cultural Per- 



An opportunity for qualified students to earn a 
semester of credit in an academic, scientific 
and practical experience leading to a realistic 
understanding of the sea, sponsored by the 
Sea Education Association, Inc. 

Students spend the first half of the semester 
(the six-week shore component) in Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts, receiving instruction in ocean- 
ography, nautical science and maritime studies. 
They then go to sea for the second half of the 
semester (the six-week sea component) aboard 
the R/V Westward for a practical laboratory 
experience. The program may be begun at any 
of six times during the year. Eckerd College 
tuition and scholarship aid can be applied 
toward the cost of Sea Semester. For more 
information, contact the Office of International 
Education and Off-Campus Programs. 
Block credit for four courses is awarded for the 
successful completion of the five topics listed 
below. This satisfies the Environmental 
Perspective requirement. 

SMN 301 Introduction to Oceanography 

Survey of the characteristics and processes of 
the global ocean. Prerequisite: one semester 
of a college laboratory course in a physical or 
biological science or its equivalent. 

SMN 302 Introduction to Maritime 

A multidisciplinary study of the history, litera- 
ture and art of our maritime heritage, and the 
political and economic problems of contem- 
porary maritime affairs. 

SMN 303 Introduction to Nautical 

Navigation, naval architecture, ship construc- 
tion, marine engineering systems and the 
physics of sail. Prerequisite: one-semester of 
college mathematics or its equivalent. 

SMN 304 Oceanographic Laboratory I 

Shore component. Introduction to the tools 
and techniques of the practicing oceanogra- 

SMN 305 Oceanographic Laboratory II 

Sea component. Individually designed research 
project; operation of the vessel. 

Social Relations Perspective Courses 


Capstone Senior Seminars are offered within 
the collegium of the student's major, focus- 
sing on the search for solutions to important 
issues that students are likely to confront dur- 
ing their lifetimes. These seminars may be 
considered as part of the student's major. 

ECB 410 Senior Seminar in Economics 

For description see page 39 

MNB 410 Senior Seminar: Business 
Policy and Strategic Management 

For description see page 61 

POB 410 Senior Seminar: Problems of 
the Future 

For description see page 7 1 

PSB 410 Senior Seminar: History and 

For description see page 73 

SLB 410 Senior Seminar: History of 
Social Thought 

For description see page 79 


CRA 410 Creative Arts Senior Seminar 
(Directed Study available by academic 

Development of creativity from the beginning 
notion to the final experience, drawing from 
theatre, writing, art, music, education and 
human development; social responsibility con- 
trasted with individual freedom. 


CUC 410 Senior Seminar in the Compar- 
ative Cultures 

Description to be announced. 

IBC 410 Senior Seminar: Multinational 
Business Operations 

For description see page 51 


LTL 410 Senior Seminar: A Search for 
Common Ground 

Examination from an interdisciplinary point 
of view of the intellectual, political, cultural 
and social changes in this century, and of the 
attempts to formulate new paradigms of know- 


NAN 410 Senior Seminar in the Natural 

Students will receive one course credit for 
participation in Junior and Senior year dis- 
cipline seminars, and the joint collegium-wide 
seminars during the Senior year, alternating 
weekly between discipline and collegium-wide 


Courses in this perspective are designed to 
provide an organized perspective on some 
aspect of human social behavior in order to 
enhance the student's ability to function as an 
effective, responsible and caring member of 

AML 306S American Myths, American 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause: 
Radicals, Reactionaries and Reformers 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, 
Gender and American Culture 

AML 309S The American Industrial State 

For descriptions see American Studies, 
page 25 

ANC 201S The Anthropological 
Experience: Introduction to Anthropology 

ANC 305S Culture and Personality 

For description see Anthropology, page 25 

BEB 368S Utopias 

Prof. Tom Oberhofer 

The value implications of Utopian systems. 
Students read and discuss seven Utopian 
works, form task groups to design components 
of Utopian systems, and write papers on their 
own individual Utopias. 

CRA 387S Jung, Myth and Lifestyles 

Profs. Nancy Corson Carter, Thomas West 

Interdisciplinary course combining literature, 
personality theory and Jungian psychology, 


Social Relations Perspective Courses 

presenting to students psychological and lit- 
erary theories of myth and exploring how the 
understanding of myth gives insights into 
human nature. 

CSN 210S Computers and Society 

For description see Computer Science, 

page 33 

ECB 28 IS Principles of Microeconomics 
ECB 282S Principles of Macroeconomics 
ECB 301S Human and Social Economics 

For descriptions see Economics, page 38 

ECI 201S Economic and Social Problems 
in Britain 

For description see London Offerings, 

page 57 

EDA 202S Development of the Child in 

EDA 328S The School: Locus of Culture 
and Change 

For descriptions see Education, page 40 

HIC 23 IS Revolutions in the Modern 

HIL 201S The Nature of History 

HIL 216S Your Family in American 


HIL 261S Women and the Christian 


For descriptions see History, page 46 

HRA 269S Leisure and Lifestyles 

HRA 386S Ethical Issues and the Helping 

For descriptions see Human Resources, 

page 49 

LIA 267S Literature and Medicine 

For descriptions see Literature, page 54 

LTL 302S Justice, Law and Community 

For descriptions see Political Science, 

page 71 

MNB/PLL 242S Ethics in Management: 
Theory and Practice 

MNB 32 IS Consumer Behavior and 


For descriptions see Management, page 59 

PLL 24 IS Ethics 

PLL/MNB 242S Ethics in Management: 

Theory and Practice 

PLL 262S Philosophy of Sport 

For descriptions see Philosophy, page 67 

POL 102S Introduction to American 
National Government and Politics 

POB 103S Introduction to Comparative 
and International Politics 

POL 22 IS Civil Liberties 

For descriptions see Political Science, 
page 70 

PSB 10 IS Introduction to Psychology 
PSB 206S Personality and Adjustment 
PSA 383S Psychology of Consciousness 

For descriptions see Psychology, page 72 

REL 20 IS Introduction to Religious 

REL 22 IS Religion in America 

For descriptions see Religious Studies, 
page 74 

SLB 101S Introduction to Sociology 
SLB 223S Social Problems 

SLB 38 IS Racial and Cultural Relations 

For descriptions see Sociology, page 78 


The required courses for the sociology major 
are Introduction to Sociology, Statistical 
Methods, Research Design, and The History 
of Social Thought. In addition to these, each 
student selects seven other sociology courses 
in consultation with the Mentor. 

BEB 260M Statistical Methods 

BEB 360 Research Design 

BEB 460 Seminar in Statistical Package 

for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 

For descriptions see Statistics, page 81 

SLB 101S Introduction to Sociology 

Prof. William Winston 

The study of degrees of agreement and dis- 
agreement among groups, organizations, insti- 


tutions, etc., which exist in society, and what 
produces levels of agreement. 

SLB 135 Self and Society 

Prof. Michael Flaherty 

Survey of classical and contemporary analyses 
of relationship between human self-conscious- 
ness and socialization. Each human being is 
unique, but each's sense of self is shaped by 

SLB 221 Juvenile Delinquency 

Prof. William Winston 

Analyzing juvenile delinquency through exam- 
ination of the collective nature of human be- 
havior, the function of values and normative 
patterns, and social conflict over values and 

SLB 223S Social Problems 

Prof. William Winston 

A study of social problems defined as a devia- 
tion from some social norm which is cherished 
by the general population, and which consti- 
tutes a threat to values. 

SLB 224 Criminology 

Prof. Patrick Henry 

The causes and consequences of crime, the 
historical transition of ideas about crime, types 
of crime such as street level, organized, cor- 
porate, government; the measurement of crime 
and criminal deterrence. 

SLB/HRA 225 Introduction to Social 

For description see Human Resources, 

page 49 

SLB 235 Deviance 

Prof. Michael Flaherty 

A survey of sociological research on deviance, 
including suicide, nudism, alcoholism, homo- 
sexuality, mental illness, prostitution, child 
abuse, drug addiction and rape. 

SLB 322 Social Gerontology 

Prof. William Winston 

The aging process from a multidiscipline per- 
spective including biological, social psycholo- 
gical and sociological aspects. Interrelation- 
ships between the elderly and the functioning 
of the social system. 

SLB 324 Introduction to Criminal 

Prof. Patrick Henry 

Police, courts and corrections, criminal law, 
public attitudes toward crime, discretionary 
power of police, capital punishment, adjust- 
ments after prison release. 

SLB 325 Community Field Experience 

Prof. Patrick Henry 

Students choose an internship in a community 
serving agency such as health rehabilitation, 
child and family services, legal services, special 
education, working a minimum of ten hours a 
week at the agency. Prerequisites: at least 
Sophomore standing and permission of in- 

SLB 326 the Family 

Prof. Patrick Henry 
Family roles such as children, men, women, 
spouses, parents, kin examined. Ways in which 
family and work life interact. Dynamic changes 
in American family structure, and the modern 
nuclear family. 

SLB 335 Social Interaction 

Prof. Michael Flaherty 
A seminar in the study of face-to-face behavior 
in public places. The nature of deference and 
demeanor, tension between individuality and 
social structure, rules governing involvement, 
normal appearances, and role distance. 

SLB 360 Sociology of Sport 

Prof. William Winston 
Sport and competition and its effects, values 
and morality. Sport as character builder, sport 
and race, sex roles, children, colleges, law, 
economics, politics, and future trends. 

SLB 38 IS Racial and Cultural Relations 

Prof. Patrick Henry 

How racial and ethnic identity influence one's 
chances for health, education, work and suc- 
cess. Main focus is on black/white relations 
since the end of slave trading. 

SLB 410 Senior Seminar: History of 
Social Thought 

Prof. William Winston 

Concepts, approaches and orientations that 
have played a part in shaping the nature of 
sociology, and ideas during the 19th and 20th 
centuries as sociology matured. 7 q 


SLB 420 Sociology of Religion 

Prof. William Winston 

The relationship between religion and society, 
religions as social products that are created by 
fundamentally similar processes in all cultures. 
Prerequisite: 101S or pel-mission of instructor. 

SLB 435 Social Construction of Reality 

Prof. Michael Flaherty 

The processes whereby "society" is manu- 
factured such that it becomes a force external 
to the dynamics which produced it. Primary 
frameworks, the anchoring of activity, legiti- 
mation, internalization, selective attention, 

SLB 471 Social Stratification 

Prof. Michael Flaherty 

Classical and contemporary analyses of social 
inequality. How systems of inequality change, . 
social mobility, and the contrast between 
structures of socialistic and capitalistic socie- 
ties. Prerequisite: 101S. 


A student may major in Spanish by success- 
fully completing eight of the following courses: 
Intermediate Spanish, Survey of Spanish Lit- 
erature, Survey of Spanish American Liter- 
ature, Modern Spanish Novel, Latin American 
Novel, Modern Spanish Drama, Golden Age 
Drama, Cervantes, Advanced Conversation, 
and The Artistry of Federico Garcia Lorca. 
Study abroad in the Junior year is strongly 

A minor in Spanish may be achieved by taking 
five courses beyond the first year level. 

SPC 101/2 Elementary Spanish 

Profs. Frank Figueroa, Pedro Trakas 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking and 
writing Spanish. Prerequisite for 102 is 101 or 
permission of instructor. 

SPC 201 Intermediate Spanish 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 

Continuation of 10 1/2, with all work in Spanish. 
Prerequisite: 101/2 or the equivalent, or per- 
mission of instructor. 

SPC 202 Intermediate Spanish 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 

Literature as the basis for improving under- 

standing, speaking, reading and writing Span- 
ish. All work in Spanish. Prerequisite: 201 or 
the equivalent. 

SPC 250 (Directed Study) Practicum in 
Spanish Teaching 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 

Participants will assist the instructor in con- 
ducting drills, explanation of grammatical rules 
and improvement of pronunciation for small 
groups of beginning Spanish students. 

SPC 301 Survey of Spanish Literature 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 

Representative Spanish writers from all per- 
iods and genres of literature. Prerequisite: 
third-year proficiency in Spanish. 

SPC 302 Survey of Spanish American 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 

Work of Spanish American authors with em- 
phasis on 19th and 20th centuries. Prereq- 
uisite: third-year proficiency in Spanish. 

SPC 401 The Modern Spanish Novel 
(Directed Study available) 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 

Major novels of Spanish writers from Gener- 
acion del '98 to the present. Prerequisite: 302 
or permission of instructor. 

SPC 402 Spanish American Novel 
(Directed Study available) 

Prof. Frank Figueroa 

Selected works by Spanish American novelists 
chronologically to give clear understanding of 
developments in the New World. Prerequisite: 
302 or permission of instructor. 

SPC 403 Modern Spanish Drama 

Prof Pedro Trakas 

Works of best modern playwrights from Bena- 
vente to the present. Prerequisite: 302 or 
permission of instructor. Offered alternate 

SPC 404 Golden Age Drama 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

Reading and analyzing the most representa- 
tive plays of the period, with all work in Spanish. 
Prerequisite: 302 or permission of instructor. 
Offered alternate years. 



SPC 405 Cervantes 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

The life and works of Cervantes with critical 
analysis of Don Quixote. All work in Spanish. 
Prerequisite: 302 or permission of instructor. 
Offered alternate years. 

SPC 406 Advanced Spanish Conversation 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

Fluency, pronunciation, intonations, idioms, 
colloquialism through highly intensive prac- 
tice. Prerequisite: 202 or its equivalent. 

SP/LIC 450/1 (Directed Study) The 
Artistry of Federico Garcia Lorca 

Prof. Pedro Trakas 

Studying and analyzing the art forms engaged 
in by Lorca, reading his major literature. 
Prerequisite: 302 or permission of instructor. 

of the field; and to serve as a cultural resource 
for the college and community. Therefore, 
anyone is encouraged to join the department's 
creative efforts on-stage and backstage, whether 
student, staff or townsperson. 

The academic requirements for theatre majors 
are 12 courses in the area which will include 
the following core program: The Human In- 
strument, Basic Acting, Stagecraft, Theatre 
Projects (two semesters), and History of Drama 
(two semesters). Each student is expected to 
concentrate on a major creative work as a Senior 
project. Some time should be spent away from 
campus on an apprenticeship in study at a 
major theatre center (generally London), or on 
a special summer program of participation in 
the performance arts. The American Stage 
Company is based in St. Petersburg and pro- 
vides professional resources for the theatre 


BEB 260M Statistical Methods 

Quantitative techniques for data analysis in 
the behavioral sciences; univariate and bivar- 
iate decription, and inference. Credit will be 
given for only one of MAN 133 or BEB 260M. 

BEB 360 Research Design 

Prof. Patrick Henry 

The techniques and applications of social 
science research, critical evaluation of research 
evidence, designing and administering a group 
survey project. 

BEB 460 Seminar in Statistical Package 
for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 

Hands-on experience with the computer as 
well as training in the use of the most popular 
computer software program in the social 
sciences. Prerequisite: 260M or consent of 

MAN 133 Statistics, an Introduction 

For description see Mathematics, page 63 


The theatre program at Eckerd College has 
two important functions: to provide the serious 
and talented theatre student with the theo- 
retical, historical and practical fundamentals 

THA 101 The Human Instrument 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Exploration of the potentials for use of the 
body, voice, energy, sensory awareness, mind, 
psyche and movement, through a wide range 
of exercises. 

THA 102A The Living Theatre 

Prof. Richard Rice 

Overview of practical and aesthetic consider- 
ations of the theatre arts, along with perfor- 
mance and theatre technology. Class critiques 
of dramatic productions on campus. Short 
scenes performed in class. 

THA 202A Improvisation 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Introduction to basic techniques of improvi- 
sation and theatre games. Should be viewed as 
a "laboratory" course. Students will work with 
techniques developed by Spolin, Chaiken, 
Kock, Grotowski, Cohen, with emphasis on 
controlled creativity. Permission of instructor 

THA/LIL 236/7 History of Drama 

For description see Literature, page 54 

THA 250 (Directed Study) Video 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Introduction to video camera and recording 
equipment, basic composition of the video 



picture, taping live action and performance, 
and the capabilities of video as a medium. 

THA 261 Stagecraft 

Prof. Siobhan Schantz 

Basic principles and procedures for construct- 
ing the stage picture. Theatre terms, use of 
hand and power tools, set construction, scene 
painting and stage lighting. 

THA 262 Theatre in the Mass Media 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Viewing and discussing theatrical, filmed and 
videotaped performances. Basic characteris- 
tics of each, the extent of their interdependence 
and particular problems of adaptation from 
one form to another. 

THA 263 Basic Acting 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Development of basic tools of the actor through 
reading, discussion and scene work. Introduc- 
tion to several approaches to the craft of acting: 
Stanislavski, Cohen, Hagen, Koch, Grotowski. 

THA 266 Theatre Projects 

Laboratory experience in performance and 
production. Completion of three units chosen 
from: production (lights, publicity, costumes, 
sound, scenery, props, makeup, management) 
and performance (audition repertory, touring, 
main-stage, studio, choreography). 

THA 267 Musical Theatre Workshop 

Prof. Richard Rice 

History and performance technique of the 
musical, America's unique contribution to 
theatrical arts. Derivation and stylistic devel- 
opment of the form; artistic aspects of per- 
formance through laboratory production of 

THA 276 Dance I 

An introduction to jazz emphasizing strength, 
flexibility, and development of a movement 
vocabulary. A study of dance history. Active 
technique class, with performing opportunity. 

THA 322A Communication Arts and 

Prof. Richard Rice 

The principles, values, forms and effects of 
persuasive public communication. Film and 
videotape examples. Experience in analysis, 


reasoning, evidence and organization of the 
persuasive speech. 

TH/LIA 362A Film and Literature 

For description see LIA 362A. 

THA 363A Ensemble Theatre 

Prof. Andra Weddington > 

Advanced work with improvisation and group- 
theatre. Development of performable work 
through improvisation. Introduction to per- 
formance art. Should be viewed as a "labor- 
atory" course. Permission of instructor re- 

THA 366 Characterization and Scene 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Continuation of THA 263 emphasizing char- 
acter development, concentrating on role 
analysis, motivation, inter-character relation- 
ships, and incorporating improvisational re- 
hearsal techniques. Participation in campus 
production expected. Prerequisite: 263 or 
permission of instructor. 

THA 367 Theatre Internship 

Supervised work in college, community and 
professional theatre companies on internship 
basis. One to four course credits, depending 
on amount of time involved. Permission of in- 
structor required. 

THA 370A Scenic Design 

Prof. Siobhan Schantz 

Principles for creating the entire theatre envi- 
ronment: scenery, lighting, sound, costume, 
makeup. Theatre as art, the scenographic pro- 
cess, working drawings, painting and lighting 

THA 372 Directing 

Prof. Richard Rice 

Study and practice of play-directing theories 
and techniques: analysis of play, rehearsal 
process, organizational procedures from script 
to production. Productions provide menu for 
Lunchbox Theatre Series. Prerequisite: 263 
or equivalent experience. 

THA 376 Dance II 

Study of jazz plus an introduction to dance 
composition. Active technique class, dance 
composition projects, and performing oppor- 

Western Heritage 

tunity. Prerequisites: Dance I or previous 
experience and permission of instructor. 

THA 377 Choreography 

A study of dance composition beginning with 
basic elements of movement and culminating 
in a student work. Performing opportunity. 
Prerequisites: Dance II, or previous experience 
and permission of instructor. 

THA 381A Seminar in Theatre: Theory 
and Values 

Prof. Richard Rice 

Reality, illusion, roleplaying, stereotypes, 
scripting, motivation — terms used in thea- 
trical practice and everyday life in our search 
for understanding human behavior. Master- 
pieces of drama reveal why their treatment of 
the human condition enhances our value 

THA 450 (Directed Study) Alternative 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Exploration of major types of non-traditional 
theatre forms of the past 30 years, and pro- 
duction techniques appropriate to those 

THA 461 Scenic Arts I: Costume Design 

Prof. Siobhan Schantz 

The elements, design and construction of stage 
costuming. The designer's role, costume per- 
iods. Fabrics, sketching, rendering and re- 
search. Each student will produce four major 

THA 462 Scenic Arts II: Scene Design 

Prof. Siobhan Schantz 

Play analysis and research for creating scenic 
designs. Drawings, ground plans, renderings, 
model making. Each student will produce four 
major designs. 

THA 463 Scenic Arts III: Lighting 

Prof. Siobhan Schantz 

Theory and practice of various styles of stage 
lighting. Hanging and focussing instruments, 
light plots, instrument and dimmer schedules. 
Light boards, color media, electricity. Each 
student will produce four major designs. 

THA 466 Advanced Acting Styles 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Greek, Roman, Medieval, Commedia, Shake- 
spearean, Restoration, Naturalistic and Mo- 
dern acting styles: movement, timing, language, 
rhythm. Daily scene work, research in each 
period, play readings, final performance in 
each style. Prerequisite: 263 or consent of 

THA 467 Projects in Acting 

Prof. Andra Weddington 

Performance of a major role in a full length 
play, or of several smaller roles, accompanied 
by an in-depth study of various tactics for 
characterization, applicable to the role in 
question. Prerequisite: 366 or 466, or per- 
mission of instructor. 

THA 473 Advanced Directing 

Prof. Richard Rice 

Develop a personal directing style to meet the 
requirements of a given script, whether period 
or modern piece. Each director prepares at 
least two examples for an audience. Critique 
discussions. Prerequisite: 372. 


See Art, page 27 


WHF 181 Western Heritage I 

The first course in general education intro- 
duces values through the study of the Sumer- 
ian, Greek, Roman and Medieval worlds, using 
masterworks of Western civilization. 

WHF 182 Western Heritage II 

Exploring the Renaissance, the Enlighten- 
ment, the 19th and 20th centuries, through 
literature, the arts, scientific accomplish- 
ments, and other major intellectual endeavors. 

WHF/CUC 183C U.S. Area Studies 

Open to international students only. A con- 
temporary view of the U.S. and a limited survey 
of its past, size and diversity. Required for all 
degree-seeking international students. 


Autumn Term-Winter Term Projects 

WHF 184 Western Heritage (Honors) 
(Directed Study available by permission 

The Freshman course for students in the 
Honors Program. Students meet twice a week 
for the academic year and are awarded a course 
credit. Admission is by application to the 
Honors Program Director. 


Descriptions of winter term projects are pub- 
lished in a separate brochure. 


See Creative Writing, page 35 



Autumn term is a three -week introduction to 
college life for Freshmen, consisting of one 
academic project, plus orientation, testing, 
and registration. New students choose from 
among fifteen or more courses offered by the 
professors who thus become their Mentors 
(advisors) and their Foundations instructors 
for the Freshman year. Typical autumn term 
offerings in recent years have included Women 
and Fiction, Food in History, Geology of 
Beaches, The Computer: Slave or Master, 
Health Psychology, and The Sociology of Sex 
Roles. See the autumn term brochure available 

from Foundations or Admissions. 

FDF 1 Living in the USA (especially for 
international students) 

Profs. Carolyn Johnston, Dudley DeGroot 

Introduction to living in the U.S. and Florida, 
analyzing everyday problems, college living, 
comparative customs, systems, attitudes, 
American literature, health care, police mat- 
ters, sports, working, education, religion, poli- 
tics, improving language skills. Resource peo- 
ple, field trips. Daily journal, analytical papers, 
final project reflecting autumn term exper- 


Neither regular semester nor directed study 
courses are taken as winter term projects. Off- 
campus independent study projects may be 
taken only by students above Freshman stand- 
ing for whom the off-campus location is essen- 
tial to the nature of the project itself. 

Descriptions of winter term projects are pub- 
lished in a separate brochure, available about 
June 1 of each year. The winter term brochure 
contains complete information on registration 
and other procedures related to winter term. 
Additions and corrections to the winter term 
projects listing are published early in the fall 

As an indication of the range of educational 
opportunities available through Eckerd Col- 
lege during the winter term, the following is a 
list of project titles offered in the past. 

On Campus: Theatre Production; Clay Work- 
shop: Raku Technique; Project in Elementary 
Education Methods; Fiber Art; Women in 
Sport; Music in the Twenty-First Century; 
Subcultures and Deviance; Psychology and 
Medicine; Operation Enterprise (American 
Management Association); Management in 


the year 2000; Human Ecology; The Energy 
Problem: Now and the Future; Simple Living; 
The Economics of Public Issues; Speaking 
Russian; Developing Expository Writing; 
Images of Women in French Literature; The 
South in American History; The Art of Bio- 
graphy; The New Religions; Perspectives on 
Violence; Florida's Exotic Plant Life; The 
Basics of Color Photography; Mathematical 
Modeling; Computer Project; Chemistry, The 
Environment and the Future. 

Off-Campus: Music in England; The Lively 
Arts in London; The Economic Effect of Man- 
agement, Government, Labor Unions on Tech- 
nology, Trade and Productivity in Great Bri- 
tain; Roots: Novelists on Their Home Ground; 
English Cultural Heritage; Social Issues in 
Contemporary Britain; English Science Fiction 
and Fantasy; International Banking in the 
Caribbean (Cayman Islands); The Dry Tor- 
tugas Expedition on the Brig Unicorn; The Art 
and Architecture of Renaissance Florence and 
Venice; Mexico: Language and/or Culture; 
Shapes of the Land of Enchantment (New 



At Eckerd, learning and standards are not 
viewed as restricted to the classroom. The col- 
lege cherishes the freedom that students exper- 
ience in the college community and in the 
choices they make concerning their own per- 
sonal growth. At the same time, each student, 
as a member of a Christian community of 
learners, is expected to contribute to this com- 
munity and to accept and live by its values and 
standards: commitment to truth and excellence; 
devotion to knowledge and understanding; 
sensitivity to the rights and needs of others; 
belief in the inherent worth of all human beings 
and respect for human differences; contempt 
for dishonesty, prejudice and destructiveness. 
Just as Eckerd intends that its students shall 

be competent givers throughout their lives, 
it expects that giving shall be the hallmark of 
behavior and relationships in college life. Just 
as Eckerd seeks to provide each student with 
opportunities for learning and excellence, each 
student is expected to play a significant part in 
the vitality and integrity of the college com- 

As an expression of willingness to abide by 
these standards every student upon entering 
Eckerd College is expected to sign a promise 
to uphold the statement of Shared Commit- 
ment that guides student life on campus. For a 
full decription of the Shared Commitment, 
see page 4 . 



St. Petersburg is a vibrant city in its own right, 
and St. Petersburg, Tampa, and Clearwater 
together form a metropolitan area of over one 
million people with all the services and cultural 
facilities of any area this size. 

St. Petersburg and nearby cities offer art mu- 
seums, symphony orchestras, and professional 
theatre, in addition to road show engagements 
of Broadway plays, rock concerts, circuses, ice 
shows, and other attractions for a full range of 

The St. Louis Cardinals and the New York 
Mets baseball teams maintain headquarters 
in St. Petersburg for spring training, and there 
are major golf and tennis tournaments in the 
area. Professional football fans can follow the 
Tampa Bay Buccaneers, and professional soc- 
cer fans, the Tampa Bay Rowdies. 

Southern Ocean Racing Conference sailing 
races are held every year, as well as many 
regattas for sail and power boats. Fine public 
beaches on the Gulf of Mexico are within bi- 
cycling distance of the Eckerd College campus, 
as are public golf courses. 

St. Petersburg has a pleasant semi-tropical 
climate with a normal average temperature of 
73.5 degrees F. and annual rainfall of 51.2 


Situated in a suburban area at the southwest 
tip of the peninsula on which St. Petersburg is 
located, Eckerd's campus is large and un- 
crowded — 267 acres with over VA miles of 
waterfront on Boca Ciega Bay and French- 
man's Creek. There are three small lakes on 
the campus, and the chapel is on an island in 

one of them. The 64 air-conditioned buildings 
were planned to provide a comfortable envi- 
ronment for learning in the Florida climate. 
Professors and students frequently forsake their 
classrooms and gather outdoors in the sunshine 
or under a pine tree's shade. Outdoor activities 
are possible all year; cooler days during the 
winter are not usually severe. 


Eckerd College has seven residential complexes, 
each consisting of four houses that accommo- 
date 34-36 students. Most of the student resi- 
dences overlook the water. Each house has a 
student Resident Adviser who is available for 
basic academic or personal counseling and is 
generally responsible for the house operation. 
Residence houses are self-governed. 


Activities, projects, and programs developed 
and financed in the student sector are managed 
by the Eckerd College Organization of Students 
(ECOS), whose membership consists of all 


matriculating students, full and part-time, at 
Eckerd. Each year, E COS is responsible for the 
allocation of student fees for extra-curricular 


Eckerd believes that student life should be as 
full and rich as possible, both in the classroom 
and outside it. We provide a broad range of 
campus activities — and if you cannot find 
something that suits your interests, we encour- 
age you to start a new group of your own. Your 
free time can be as interesting as you want to 
make it. 


The College Center serves as the hub for recre- 
ational and social activities. The facilities in- 
clude a snack bar, gameroom, conversation 
lounge, seven foot television, and Pub. The 
College Center provides the opportunity for 
student directed programs and committees to 
develop activities and services for the Eckerd 


The College Program Series, jointly planned 
by students, faculty and administration, is 
designed to enhance the intellectual, religious 
and cultural life of the college community 
through bringing well known scholars, artists 
and distinguished Americans to the campus 
each semester. 

The Student Activities Board sponsors movies, 
coffee house programs, dances, and concerts 
featuring local and nationally known artists, 
and is a co-sponsor of the annual Black Sym- 
posium and Black History week. Films on topics 
pertaining to the academic program are shown 

The music, art, and theatre disciplines sponsor 
a number of events throughout the year. There 
are student and faculty recitals, programs from 
the concert choir and chamber ensemble, 
exhibitions by student and faculty artists, 
dance performances, and a series of plays 
produced by the theatre workshops. 


Publications are funded by the Student Associ- 
ation and fully controlled by the students 
themselves. Student media include WECR, 
the campus radio station, ECK-TV, the campus 
television station; Impact, a monthly maga- 
zine; The Tethered Muse, a literary magazine 
featuring artwork, prose, and poetry by mem- 
bers of the entire campus community; and The 
Eck Book, the student handbook. 


If there is enough student interest to form a 
club or honorary society, one may easily be 
chartered. Organizations which have been 
student-initiated include the Afro-American 
Society, Biology Club, Choir, Circle K, College 
Bowl Society, International Students, Omicron 
Delta Kappa Leadership Society, Roteract, 
Pre-Law Club, Alcohol Awareness Club, Big 
Brothers/Big Sisters, the Triton Sailing, 
Waterskiing and Boardsailing Teams, and 
Athletic Boosters. 


The College Chaplain directs the Campus 
Ministry Program, a joint effort of students, 
faculty and staff. The program provides religious 
activities in a Christian context and assists 
individuals and groups of other religious per- 
suasions to arrange their own activities. Worship 
services, special speakers and emphasis weeks, 
small group studies, service projects and fel- 
lowship activities are provided through the 
program. The Chaplain serves as minister to 
students, faculty and staff, is available for 
counseling or consultation, and works closely 
with the Student Affairs staff to enhance the 
quality of campus life. 

Regardless of your background, you are en- 
couraged to explore matters of faith and 
commitment as an integral part of your educa- 
tional experience. We believe that personal 
growth and community life are significantly 
strenghtened by encounter with the claims of 
the Christian faith and the values of the Judaeo- 
Christian tradition. 


Eckerd's Waterfront Program, one of the largest 
collegiate watersports programs in the South- 
eastern U.S., is one of the most exciting recrea- 
tional opportunities on the campus. The facil- 


ities, located on Frenchman's Creek, include 
boathouse, support buildings, docks, ramp, 
hoist, fishing, snorkeling, camping and water- 
skiing equipment, a fleet of sailboats, canoes, 
sailboards, and a Correct Craft Ski Nautique. 
If you own a boat, you can arrange to store or 
dock it here. 

A unique feature of the Eckerd Waterfront is 
the community member's ability to use the 
facilities without membership in a formal club 
or organization. There are, however, many clubs 
and teams sponsored by the Waterfront for 
those interested. The Triton Sailing Team 
sails in sloop and single-hand competitions 
against schools from Charlestown to Gainesville 
in SAISA (the South Atlantic Inter-Collegiate 
Sailing Association), while the Triton Board- 
sailing Team competes in regattas both in and 
out of the collegiate circuit. Members of the 
Triton Waterski Team compete in trick, slalom, 
and jump events against schools throughout 
the Southern Conference. The Watersports 
Association is made up of students and staff 
who have a variety of watersports interests; 
recreational activities are planned throughout 
the year. 

One of the Waterfront's most unique student 
organizations is Eckerd College Search and 
Rescue (EC-SAR) which is a highly trained 
group of students and alumni who provide 
maritime search and rescue services to the 
Tampa Bay boating community. Working 
closely with the U.S. Coast Guard and many 
local and state agencies, members give a high 
level of dedication, skill and commitment to 
public service and have received many national 
and local awards and commendations. 

Waterfront classes are offered throughout the 
school year. Sailing classes are taught at all 
levels on both small sloops and larger yachts. 
Normal class offerings include beginning, inter- 
mediate, and cruising sailing, boardsailing, and 
scuba diving. Informal dockside instruction is 
offered during the afternoons by waterfront 
staff and volunteers. 


There will be times during your college career 
when you will want advice. For academic advice 
the place to start is with your Mentor or with 
any of your professors. You are welcome to 
seek the counsel of any administrator in Student 
Affairs or elsewhere. The Counseling Center 
provides both individual and group counseling 
for students who are experiencing personal 
problems or would like to improve their level 
of personal well-being. Counseling may provide 
support for individual growth, improving skills 
in handling relationships, and exploring stress 
management techniques. The Counseling Center 
is staffed with a psychologist capable of skilled 
listening, understanding and assistance. For 
further clarification of counseling services, 
please refer to The Eck Book. 


Eckerd 's medical service is directed by a physi- 
cian who is at the Health Center two hours 
every Monday through Friday. A registered 
nurse is on duty 8 a.m. to midnight, Monday 
through Friday. Medicines may be purchased 


for minimal fees. Brief stays in the Health 
Center may be arranged for minor illness; 
otherwise community hospitals are used. The 
college notifies parents when community hos- 
pitalization is necessary. 

All students must file an official health form as 
part of the admissions procedure. Treatment 
in the Health Center may not be available until 
this form is received. Health insurance is pro- 
vided for all students and is included in the 
total comprehensive fee. The student health 
policy includes maximum coverage of $3,000 
for accidents only (which must be reported 
within twenty days of the accident). It also 
includes coverage for a $35 medical consultant 
fee when ordered by the college physician. 
The policy covered by total comprehensive 
fees is for nine months only. Optional summer 
coverage may be purchased for $5 additional, 
paid by the student. An optional coverage for 
sickness may be obtained by paying an addi- 
tional fee. The amount of coverage and the 
fees are subject to change. 


As evidence of its active commitment to recruit 
and encourage minority students, Eckerd 
supports a number of programs in this field. 
Special weekend visits to the campus give 
minority students who are considering Eckerd 
College a chance to view the college, visit the 

faculty, live in the dorms, and tak with other 

The Afro-American Society helps plan a full 
range of programs for its members and the 
campus community, including Black History 
Month and the Black Symposium. The office 
of Minority Student Affairs is available to pro- 
vide assistance for any special needs of minority 


Students who are married, are over 22 years of 
age, or who live with their family are provided 
with campus post office boxes to receive 
communications. Opportunities for participa- 
tion in campus sports, activities, cultural 
events, and student government (ECOS), are 
available to day students and are coordinated 
and communicated by the Day Student Pro- 
gram. All cars, motorcycles, and bicycles are 
registered by the Physical Plant staff. 


Eckerd College is a member of the National 
Collegiate Athletic Association. Men play a 
full intercollegiate schedule in baseball, basket- 
ball, cross country, golf, soccer and tennis. 
Women's intercollegiate sports include basket- 
ball, cross country, golf, softball, tennis, and 
volleyball. Cross country and golf are co-educa- 
tional sports. The college is a member of the 
Sunshine State Conference , and both men and 
women play NCAA Division II competition. 

Intramural sports are organized as competition 
among houses. Day students compete with 
house teams. All students are eligible to par- 
ticipate in the wide range of intramural activ- 
ities, which include football, softball, soccer, 
volleyball, basketball, tennis, billiards, table 
tennis, street hockey, bowling and chess. In 
addition, sports clubs may be organized around 
swimming, sailing and canoeing. The McArthur 
Physical Education Center houses locker 
rooms, Physical Education faculty offices, two 
basketball courts, a weight room, four badminton 
courts, and three volleyball courts. The campus 
also has six new tennis courts, a swimming 
pool, and acres of open space where you can 
practice your golf swing. An exercise-fitness 
course winds through the campus. 



Eckerd College seeks academically qualified 
students of various backgrounds, national and 
ethnic origins. Further, we seek students who 
show evidence of being competent "givers" 
and who therefore show promise for making 
positive contributions to fellow members of 
the Eckerd College community. When you 
apply, we will look at your academic perfor- 
mance in liberal arts courses (mathematics, 
science, social studies, language and literature, 
creative arts). We will also consider your per- 
formance on the college entrance examinations 
(ACT or SAT). Students whose native lan- 
guage is not English can choose to replace the 
ACT or SAT with the TOEFL examination. 
Achievement tests are not required but are 
highly recommended. Your potential for per- 
sonal and academic development is important 
and in this respect we will look closely at your 
personal essay, record of activities and recom- 
mendations from your counselors or teachers. 
Admissions decisions are made by the Admis- 
sions and Scholarship Committee which in- 
cludes faculty and students. Decisions are 
made on a rolling basis beginning in October 
and continuing through the academic year for 
the following fall. Students considering mid- 
year admission for either winter term (January) 
or spring semester (February) are advised to 
complete application procedures by Decem- 
ber 1. Applicants for fall entry should complete 
procedures by April 1. 


High school Juniors and Seniors considering 
Eckerd College should have taken a college 
preparatory curriculum. Our preference is for 
students who have taken four units of English, 
three or more units each of mathematics, 
sciences and social studies, and at least two 
units of a foreign language. Although no single 
criterion is used as a determinant for accep- 
tance and we have no automatic "cutoff" 
points, the great majority of students who gain 
admission to Eckerd College have a high 
school average of B or better in their college 
preparatory courses and have scored in the 
top 30 percent of college-bound students 
taking the ACT or SAT. 


1. Request application forms in Junior year 
or early in Senior year from Dean of Ad- 

2. Complete and return your application to 
the Dean of Admissions, with an application 
fee of $15 (non-refundable) at least two 
months prior to the desired entrance date. 
Students who are financially unable to pay 
the $15 application fee will have the fee 
waived upon request. 

3. Request the guidance department of the 
secondary school from which you will be 
graduated to send an academic transcript 
and personal recommendation to: Dean of 
Admission, Eckerd College, Box 12560, 
St. Petersburg, Florida 33733. 

4. Arrange to take the Scholastic Aptitude 
Test, offered by the College Entrance 
Examination Board or the ACT Test Bat- 
tery, offered by the American College 
Testing Program. Take your test in spring 
of Junior year or early fall of Senior year. 


Eckerd College welcomes students from other 
fully accredited colleges, universities, junior 
and community colleges. Applicants are ex- 
pected to be in good standing at the institution 
last attended and eligible to return to that 


1. Complete and return application form to 
the Dean of Admissions with an applica- 
tion fee of $15 (non-refundable) at least 
two months prior to the desired entrance 
date (see calendar for various entry 

2. Request that official college transcripts be 
sent to us from every college or university 
you have attended. 

3. Send us record of college entrance exams 
(SAT or ACT). 

4. Request a letter of recommendation from 
one of your college professors. This may be 
waived upon request for students who have 
been out of college for several years. 

5. If you have been out of high school for less 
than two years, we will need a copy of your 
high school transcript. 



After you have been accepted for admission 
your transcript will be forwarded to the College 
Registrar for credit evaluation. All transfer 
students receiving the Associate in Arts degree 
from a regionally accredited college will be 
admitted with Junior standing at Eckerd. 

Applicants who have earned credits more than 
five years ago, or whose earlier academic records 
are unavailable or unusual are requested to 
direct special inquiry to the Admissions Office. 

The transfer of credit from other accredited 
colleges and universities depends upon the 
comparability of the courses taken to those 
offered at Eckerd College and the approval of 
the academic discipline concerned. In general, 
courses in the liberal arts are transferable. 
Grades below C are not acceptable for transfer. 


All students who have been accepted for 
admission are asked to deposit a $ 100 accep- 
tance fee, within thirty days of acceptance or 
within thirty days of a financial aid award. This 
fee is refundable until May 1 for fall appli- 
cants, but is not refundable for mid-year 
applicants. Students who are accepted after 
November 15 for mid-year entry or after 
April 15 for fall entry will be expected to reply 
within fifteen days of acceptance with a $100 
non-refundable fee. The acceptance fee is 
applied toward tuition costs and credited to 
the student's account. 

A Student Information Form and a Health 
Form are sent to all accepted students. The 
Student Information Form should be returned 
within two weeks of acceptance or should 
accompany the acceptance fee. This form 
enables us to begin planning for needs of the 
entering class of residential and commuting 

The Health Form should be completed by 
your personal physician and forwarded to the 
Admissions Office prior to the enrollment 

to submitting GED test scores, students will 
also need to supply ACT or SAT test results. 


Students considering Eckerd College are 
strongly urged to visit the campus and have an 
interview with an admissions counselor. We 
also encourage you to visit a class and meet 
students and faculty members. An interview is 
not a required procedure for admission but is 
always a most beneficial step for you the stu- 
dent, as well as for those of us who evaluate 
your candidacy. 


Eckerd College admits students who wish to 
enter college directly after their Junior year in 
high school. In addition to regular application 
procedures outlined above, early admission 
candidates must submit a personal letter 
explaining reasons for early admission; request 
two letters of recommendation from an English 
and a mathematics teacher; and come to campus 
for an interview with an admissions counselor. 


A student who has been accepted for admission 
for a given term may request to defer enroll- 
ment for up to one year. Requests should be 
addressed to the Dean of Admissions. 


Eckerd College awards course credit on the 
basis of scores on the Advanced Placement 
examinations administered by the College 
Entrance Examination Board. Students who 
have obtained scores of four or five will auto- 
matically be awarded credit. Scores of three 
are recorded on the student's permanent tran- 
script and are referred to the faculty of the 
appropriate discipline for recommendations 
concerning credit. Applicants who seek ad- 
vanced placement should have examination 
results sent to the Dean of Admissions. 


Students who have not completed a high 
school program but who have taken the General 
Education Development (GED) examinations 
may be considered for admission. In addition 



Course credit will also be awarded on the basis 
of scores received on the College Level Exam- 
ination Program (CLEP). Credit is awarded 
only for the following: 







Algebra -Trigonometry 


4 hours 

American Government 


4 hours 

American History I 


4 hours 

American History II 


4 hours 

American Literature 


4 hours 



8 hours 



8 hours 

College Composition 


8 hours 

Educational Psychology 


4 hours 

General Psychology 


4 hours 

Introductory Accounting 


4 hours 

Introductory Calculus 


8 hours 

Introductory Economics 


8 hours 

Introductory Sociology 


4 hours 

Western Civilization I 


4 hours 

Western Civilization II 


4 hours 

CLEP results should be sent to the Dean of 


Eckerd College enrolls students from approx- 
imately thirty-seven countries. Some are native 
speakers of English; many are not. In all cases, 
the Admissions and Scholarship Committee 
gives special attention to the evaluation of 
students who have completed their secondary 
education abroad. Candidates whose native 
language is not English should submit the 
TOEFL scores in lieu of SAT or ACT scores. 
Ordinarily international students will not be 
admitted unless they score a minimum of 550 
on the TOEFL exam and/or complete level 
109 instruction in the English Language 
Services (ELS) program. 


1. Complete and return the application form 
with an application fee of $ 1 5 (non-refund- 
able) at least three months prior to the 
desired entrance date. 

2. Request that official secondary school re- 
cords be sent to us. We will need to receive 
an explanation of the grading system. 

3. Transfer applicants should submit official 
university records with an explanation of 
the grading system. 

4. Results of the Test of English as a Foreign 
Language (TOEFL) for non-native stu- 
dents of English should be submitted. 
Others are urged to take SAT or ACT. 

5. Complete a certified statement of financial 
responsibility indicating that adequate 
funds are available to cover educational 


The following international diplomas are 
accepted for consideration of admission with 
advanced standing: 

The General Certificate of Education of 
the British Commonwealth. Students with 
successful scores in at least three "0" levels 
and two "A" levels may be considered for 
advanced placement. 

The International Baccalaureate Diploma 

may qualify a candidate for placement as a 


If you have previously enrolled at Eckerd 
College and wish to return you should write or 
call the Dean of Students office. It will not be 
necessary for you to go through admission 
procedures again. However, if you have been 
enrolled at another college or university you 
will need to submit a transcript of courses 
taken there. 



All students accepted for admission to Eckerd 
College who are U.S. citizens or permanent 
residents are eligible to receive aid if they 
demonstrate financial need. For institutional 
awards priority is given on the basis of grades, 
test scores, recommendations, and special 
talents. Most students receive an "aid 
package" consisting of scholarship, grant, 
loan, and campus employment, In many cases, 
the financial aid package offered to a student 
may reduce out-of-pocket tuition payment to 
less than would be paid at a state college or 
university. Eckerd College is nearly always 
able to help a student develop financial plans 
that will make attendance possible. 


Decisions regarding financial assistance can 
be made immediately upon admission to the 
college, and receipt of the necessary financial 
aid credentials: Financial Aid Form (FAF) of 
the College Scholarship Service or the Family 
Financial Statement (FFS) of the American 
Testing Service. 

Transfer students must submit a Financial 
Aid Transcript from each prior school regard- 
less of whether aid was received. The forms 
may be obtained from the Eckerd College 
Financial Aid office and must be returned 
before an award may be released. 

Any student who has resided in Florida for 24 
consecutive months should complete and file 
an application for a Florida Student Assistance 
Grant. Application is made through the sub- 
mission of the FFS or FAF by answering the 
appropriate Florida questions. 

Many of the sources of financial aid admin- 
istered by Eckerd College are controlled by 
governmental agencies external to the college. 
Examples of programs of this type are Pell 
Grants, Supplemental Educational Opportu- 
nity Grants (SEOG), Florida Student Assist- 
ance Grants (FSAG), Florida Tuition Voucher, 
Guaranteed Student Loans, National Direct 
Student Loans (NDSL), and the College Work 
Study Program (CWSP). To receive a current 
pamphlet concerning these programs, write or 
contact the Office of Financial Aid, Eckerd 
College, St. Petersburg, Florida 33733 for the 
most current information concerning these 

To be considered for any financial aid through 
Eckerd College, whether the merit awards 
listed in this catalog or any other need-based 
assistance from the college or federal and state 
governments, it is necessary that you submit 
an American College Testing Family Finan- 
cial Statement (FFS) or the College Scholar- 
ship Service Financial Aid Form (FAF). These 
forms are available in the guidance department 
of the school you are currently attending. It is 
important to mail the FFS or FAF by March 1. 
Indicate on the form that a copy of the analysis 
be sent to Eckerd College, check the appro- 
priate boxes for Pell Grant and FSAG, and 
include the fee as indicated. 


Certain financial aid programs require 
special academic achievements for renewal as 

1. Institutional 

2.0 Cumulative GPA 
Church and Campus 
Eckerd College Grant 
Faculty Tuition Remission 
Ministerial Courtesy 
Special Talent 

3.0 Cumulative GPA 

Eckerd College Honors 
National Merit Special Honors 
Thomas Presidential Scholarship 

3.2 Cumulative GPA 
Selby Scholarship 

2. Florida Programs 

a. Florida Academic Scholars: 3.2 Cum. 
GPA and 24 semester hours per year; 
up to eight semesters 

b. Florida College Career Work Experi- 
ence Program; 2.0 Cum. GPA 

c. Florida Student Assistance Grant: 2.0 
Cum. GPA and 24 semester hours per 
year; up to eight semesters. 

d. Florida Tuition Voucher: 2.0 Cum. 
GPA; up to eight semesters. 

e. Florida Teacher Scholarship Loan (for 
students planning to become elemen- 
tary and secondary school teachers): 
3.0 Cum. GPA and 24 semester hours 
per year; up to four semesters. 

f. Florida "Chappie" James Teacher 
Scholarship Program (for students 
planning to become elementary and 
secondary teachers): 3.0 Cum. GPA 
and 24 semester hours per year; up to 
eight semester hours. 


In addition, all financial aid recipients must 
abide by Eckerd College's satisfactory aca- 
demic progress standards to continue receiving 
assistance. If you are placed on probation by 
the Academic Review Committee you will 
automatically be placed on financial aid pro- 
bation, but may continue receiving assistance. 
If you are dismissed by the Academic Review 
Committee, you may no longer receive assis- 
tance. Guidelines concerning probation, dis- 
missal and reinstatement are outlined in this 
catalog in the section entitled "Standards of 
Satisfactory Academic Progress." Appeals to 
financial aid probation and dismissal may be 
addressed to the Financial Aid Appeals Com- 
mittee which will act in consultation with the 
Academic Review Committee. 



The Thomas Presidential Scholarships are a 
recognition of outstanding merit without regard 
to financial need. Each year twenty Freshmen 
are selected to receive a $6,000 scholarship, 
renewable each year for a total of $24,000 if 
the student maintains a 3.0 grade point average. 
Students in the top 20 percent of their high 
school are encouraged to apply. Selection 
criteria for this award include academic 
achievement, creative talent and character. 
Application deadline is March 1. A separate 
application is required and is available on 


The Special Honors Scholarship Program 
provides fifty full tuition awards to finalists 
and semifinalists in the National Merit, National 
Achievement, and National Hispanic Scholar- 
ship Programs. The value of this award is in 
excess of $7,500 per year, and in excess of 
$30,000 for four years if the student maintains 
a 3.0 grade point average. A student designated 
a semifinalist in one of these programs should 
make application for admission to Eckerd 
College no later than March 1. 


The Honors Scholarships seek to recognize the 
forty most outstanding applicants for admis- 
sion (Freshmen and transfers). Scholarship 

finalists will be selected from among all ap- 
plicants for admission without regard to fin- 
ancial need. A student receiving an Honors 
Scholarship may receive up to $4,200 yearly. 
The scholarship is renewable if the student 
maintains a 3.0 grade point average. No separate 
application is required; however, for priority 
consideration students should apply for ad- 
mission no later than March 1. 


The Special Talent Scholarships provide rec- 
ognition and encouragement to students who 
have excelled in a particular area of endeavor. 
All students accepted for admission are eligible 
to compete for these scholarships. Awards will 
be made on the basis of outstanding talent or 
achievement in any of the following areas: 

1. Achievement in math, science, English, 
social studies, behavioral sciences, foreign 
languages or any specific area of academic 

2. Special talent in the creative arts — music, 
theatre, art, writing, etc. 

3. Special achievement in international ed- 
ucation, including participation in AFS or 
Rotary student exchange programs. 

4. Demonstrated leadership and service in 
student, community or church organiza- 

5. Special talent in men's or women's athletic 

Special Talent Scholarship winners may receive 
up to $3,400 yearly. The scholarship is renew- 
able for students with a 2.0 cumulative grade 
point average following formal recommendation 
by those qualified to evaluate the appropriate 
special talent. No separate application is 
required but for priority consideration students 
should apply for admission prior to March 1 
and submit the following: 

1. Financial Aid Form (FAF), or Family Fi- 
nancial Statement (FFS). 

2. Letter of recommendation from teacher, 
advisor or coach directly involved in stu- 
dent's achievement area. 

3. Additional materials the student wishes to 
submit in support of his or her creden- 




The Church and Campus Scholarships are a 
recognition of merit for fifty new Presbyterian 
students per year who have been recom- 
mended by their pastor and possess traits of 
character, leadership and academic ability 
which in the pastor's opinion demonstrate the 
promise to become outstanding Christian cit- 
izens — either as a lay person or a minister. 
Students recommended by their pastor who 
become recipients of a Church and Campus 
Scholarship will receive a grant up to $2,400 to 
be used during the Freshman year. The award 
is renewable annually on the basis of demon- 
strated academic, leadership and service 
achievement, and a cumulative grade point 
average of at least 2.0. This award is not based 
on financial need. Scholarship winners may 
apply for supplemental financial aid. More 
scholarship details and nomination forms are 
available on request. 


Endowed scholarship funds have been estab- 
lished by the gifts of those listed below or by 
the gifts of others in their honor. 

Elza Edwin and Gretchen R. Artman, 

established in 1969. 

Margaret S. Bach Memorial, established in 
1984, awarded annually to an outstanding 
student from Florida whose residence is in 
Escambia, Santa Rosa, Okaloosa or Walton 

W. Frank and Jo Byars, established in 1983, 
awarded annually to outstanding students 
selected on the basis of academic ability, 
leadership, and service. 
Paul and Grace Creswell Memorial, estab- 
lished in 1962. 

Carl Peter Damm Memorial, established in 

Betty Jane Dimmitt Memorial, established 
in 1983, two scholarships awarded annually to 
a Junior and Senior majoring in the fine arts. 
Jack Eckerd, established in 1984. 
Kennedy Eckerd Athletic, established in 
1973, awarded annually to selected scholar 

Robert B. Hamilton, established in 1959, 
awarded annually to a student with financial 

Ben Hill Griffin, Jr., established in 1982, 
five scholars named annually on the basis of 
strong academic achievement and leadership 


Home Federal Bank, established in 1983, 

awarded annually to a Junior or Senior majoring 

in management. 

Hope Presbyterian Church, established in 


Lowery Howell Memorial, established in 


Robert A. James Memorial, established in 

1983, awarded annually to an incoming Fresh- 
man with outstanding academic ability, leader- 
ship skills, and exceptional performance in 
either tennis, golf, or cross-country. 
Howard M. Johnson, established in 1975, 
awarded annually to outstanding needy stu- 

Max Klarin Memorial, established in 1985. 
Oscar Kreutz, established in 1984, awarded 
annually to students who are members of First 
Presbyterian Church, St. Petersburg. 
Fanny Knistrom, established in 1974. 
Al Lang and Katherine Fogan Lang, estab- 
lished in 1959, partial scholarships awarded 
annually to students from the St. Petersburg 
area who show exceptional promise and dem- 
onstrate financial need. 
Margaret Fahl Lof strand Memorial, estab- 
lished in 1976, awarded annually to outstanding 
female students. 
Frida B. Marx Memorial, established in 

1984, annual award to student designated by 
Delta Phi Alpha, German honorary fraternity, 
for overseas study in Germany. 

Emily A. and Albert W. Mathison, estab- 
lished in 1960, awarded annually on the basis 
of academic achievement, character, and finan- 
cial need with preference given to students 
from outside of Florida, including international 

Margaret Curry May, established in 1964. 
Alfred McKethan, established in 1985, pro- 
vides four annual scholarships to two out- 
standing Juniors and Seniors, chosen on the 
basis of academic performance, Christian 
character, and evidence of leadership. 
George F. and Asha W. McMillan, estab- 
lished in 1959, awarded annually to a pre- 
ministerial student. 

Glenn W. Morrison Memorial, established 
in 1969, awarded annually to a music student 
selected by the music discipline. 
Dominick J. and Maude B. Potter, estab- 
lished in 1978, awarded annually to outstanding 
students from high schools in St. Petersburg 
who demonstrate financial need. 
R. A. Ritter, established in 1968, awarded 
annually to a son or daughter of an employee of 
the Ritter Finance Company of Wyncote, 
Pennsylvania; otherwise to a student from 

Kathleen Anne Rome, established in 1971, 
awarded annually to science students on the 
basis of scholastic aptitude, financial need, 
and compassion for humanity. 
Eugene Sitton, established in 1985, provides 
annual scholarships for outstanding student 

Edna Sparling, established in 1976. 
Frances and Gus Stavros, established in 
1985, provides an annual scholarship to a 
student chosen on the basis of academic 
performance and character. 
Ruth and Robert Stevenson, established in 

Thomas Presidential, established in 1973 
by Mrs. Mildred Ferris, awarded annually on a 
competitive basis to the 20 most outstanding 
entering Freshmen. 

William Bell Tippetts Memorial, established 
in 1960. 

J.J. Williams, Jr., established in 1959 by 
Mr. and Mrs. J.J. Williams, Jr. to support 
candidates for the Presbyterian ministry. 
Ross E. Wilson, established in 1974. 
John W. Woodward Memorial, established 
in 1967, awarded annually with preference 
given to students from Gadsden County, 

Bruce R. Zemp Memorial Honors, estab- 
lished in 1983, awarded annually to a Junior 
majoring in management. 


Alumni, established in 1982 by contributions 
from alumni, and allocated by the Board of 
Trustees for scholarship purposes. 
Barnett Bank, established in 1985, provides 
four annual scholarships with preference for 
business or related programs with interest in 

W. Paul Bateman, established in 1978, pro- 
vides annual scholarships for outstanding male 

Conn Memorial Foundation, established in 
1973, annual awards based upon character, 
academic standing, and financial need. 
Clearwater Central Catholic High School, 
established in 1981, annual awards to out- 
standing graduates of Central Catholic High 
School in Clearwater, Florida, made possible 
through gifts of an anonymous donor. 
Florida Foundation of Future Scientists, 
awarded annually to the winners of the Florida 
State Science and Engineering Fair who enroll 
at Eckerd College. 

Frueauff Foundation, established in 1985. 
Hans Koch Memorial, established in 1985, 
provides annual scholarships to a management 

Rotary Club of West St. Petersburg, 
established in 1973. 

Helena Rubenstein Foundation, estab- 
lished in 1972, awarded annually to an out- 
standing female science student. 
Selby Foundation, established in 1968, 
awarded annually to outstanding students from 
the State of Florida, with preference given to 
residents of Sarasota and Manatee Counties. 
Milton Roy Sheen Memorial, established in 
1960, awarded annually with preference given 
to sons or daughters of employees of the Milton 
Roy Company. 

Thomas A. Watson, established in 1982, 
awarded annually to an outstanding minority 
student from the Ft. Wayne, Indiana area. 


Grants are non-repayable awards made to 
students on the basis of specific criteria or 
skills within the limits of demonstrated financial 
need. Two important sources of grant funds 
are the federal government and state govern- 



These grants are awarded from federal funds 
by the Office of Education. Awards are based 
upon need and range from approximately $200 
to $2,100 depending on federal funding. Appli- 
cation is made through the submission of the 
FAF or FFS by checking the Pell box. The 
student will receive the Pell Student Aid 
Report at the student's home, and must submit 
the Student Aid Report to the Financial Aid 
office. The student's account will then be 
credited for the amount of the student's eli- 


These grants are awarded from federal funds 
and administered by the college. They are 
limited at Eckerd College to students with 
exceptional financial need. Application is 
made through the submission of the FAF or 
FFS form. 



Inquiries relating to Social Security benefits 
should be directed to the student's local Social 
Security Office. The Office of the Registrar 
will submit enrollment certificates issued by 
the Social Security Administration for eligible 
students, providing the student registers as 
full-time. It is the student's responsibility 
to notify the Social Security Administra- 
tion when enrollment ceases to be full- 


Eckerd College is approved for the education 
and training of veterans, service members, and 
dependents of veterans eligible for benefits 
under the G.I. Bill. Students who maybe eligible 
for V.A. benefits are urged to contact their 
local V.A. Office as soon as accepted by the 
college, and must file an application for bene- 
fits through the Office of the Registrar. No 
certification can be made until the application 
is on file. Since the first checks each year are 
often delayed, it is advisable for the veteran to 
be prepared to meet all expenses for about two 
months. There are special V.A. regulations 
regarding independent study, audit course, 
standards of progress, special student enroll- 


ment, dual enrollment in two schools, and 
summer enrollment. It is the student's 
responsibility to inquire concerning 
special regulations and to report any 
change in status which affects the rate of 


The Florida Student Assistance Grants (FSAG) 
are awarded on the basis of demonstrated 
financial need to two-year residents of Florida 
who attend college in the state. These grants 
may range up to a maximum of $ 1,200, depend- 
ing on the demonstrated need of the applicant 
and the availability of funds. For renewal the 
recipient must earn a 2.0 cumulative grade 
point average and complete 24 credit hours 
during the prior academic year. Application is 
made through the submission of the FAF or 
FFS by answering the Florida section and 
enclosing the appropriate fee. 


The Tuition Equalization Voucher program 
was established by the State of Florida for 
residents of the state who enroll in private 
colleges or universities in Florida. The program 
provides up to $750 per year regardless of 
financial need to help defray the cost of tuition 
at Eckerd College. To qualify, a student must 
have resided in Florida for at least two years 
and must maintain a 2.0 cumulative grade point 
average. An application upon enrollment must 
be submitted to the Financial Aid office. 


In order to be eligible to receive financial aid 
as Juniors and Seniors under programs funded 
by the State of Florida (Florida Student Assis- 
tance Grants, Tuition Equalization Vouchers, 
etc.), students who are Florida residents must 
pass the College Level Academic Skills Test 
(CLAST) by the end of the Sophomore year. 
More detailed information about CLAST is 
available from the Career Services office. 


These grants are available to students who 
rank in the upper one -half of their graduating 
class and demonstrate financial need. Achieve- 
ment in various curricular and co-curricular 
activities is considered. Special consideration 
is given to the sons and daughters of Presby- 
terian ministers or missionaries in recognition 
of the institution's Presbyterian heritage and 
relationships. Renewal of Eckerd College 
Grants requires a 2.0 cumulative grade point 


Many families whose current income and 
savings are not sufficient to finance college 
expenditures borrow funds through low interest 
educational loans to supplement their financing 

office or their local banker for a loan application 
and current information. The processing of 
guaranteed student loan applications requires 
twelve to sixteen weeks. 


The National Direct Student Loan program 
is administered by the college from federal 
and college funds. To qualify for a NDSL, the 
student must apply to the college and demon- 
strate financial need. No interest will accrue 
until the beginning of the repayment period, 
six months following termination of at least 
half-time school attendance. Interest charges 
during the repayment period are only five per- 
cent per year on the unpaid balance. 


Under this program parents may borrow up to 
$3,000 per year to a total of $15,000 for each 
child who is enrolled at least half-time. A sepa- 
rate application is required for submission to 
your lending institution. The interest rate is 12 
percent and repayment begins within sixty 
days of receipt of the proceeds of the loan. 
Independent students or parents of students 
who do not qualify for the GSL because of 
family income limitations usually qualify for 
the PLUS Loan. Additional information and 
applications are available in the Financial Aid 


Guaranteed student loans are available from 
local banks and lending agencies. Depending 
upon eligibility, students may borrow up to 
$2,500 per year not to exceed $ 12,500 in their 
undergraduate work for educational expenses. 
Students must submit a FAF or FFS, or GSL 
Needs Test Form to establish eligibility 
according to the current federal guidelines for 
family income. The interest is eight percent 
for new borrowers, and new borrowers have a 
six months grace period following termination 
of at least half-time school attendance before 
repayment must begin. Repayment following 
the termination of the grace period will be at 
least $50 per month and no longer than ten 
years. Deferment from payment is allowed for 
the return to school full-time or for other 
specified conditions. Families interested in 
the program should contact the Financial Aid 


Monthly payments may be arranged by the 
family through one of four different companies. 
Contact the Financial Aid office, Eckerd College 
for current information. 


Eckerd College has limited loan funds avail- 
able, usually for temporary emergency situa- 
tions. For details, contact the Financial Aid 


In many local communities, scholarships are 
provided each year by various church, civic 
and business organizations to children of 
members, citizens, and employees. 



The Career Services office assists students in 
finding part-time employment on or off campus. 
Preference is given to students who demon- 
strate financial need. Campus employment 
opportunities include work as a clerk or secre- 
tary, a food service employee, a custodian or 
maintenance worker, lifeguard, or a laboratory 
assistant. Information on off-campus jobs is 
available through the Career-Services office. 


Students may qualify for this program on the 
basis of need by submitting an FAF or FFS, 
and may work on-campus seven to ten hours 
per week at the current minimum wage. 


A student who is a Florida resident enrolled 
full-time and who demonstrates need may 
qualify for this work program. Jobs are avail- 
able on and off campus and must be career 
related. Wages and hours may vary; the State 
of Florida will reimburse the student's employer 
for fifty percent of the wages. The Career 
Services office will assist with placement and 
with the completion of a special contract. 


Financial aid to a student at Eckerd College 
may be renewable on an annual basis. All 
Eckerd College grants and most aid from other 
sources require a minimum cumulative grade 
point average of 2.0 for renewal. A need analy- 
sis must be completed each year prior to 
March 1 for the following academic year. All 
students who are eligible to return for a sub- 
sequent year (except international students 
requiring 1-20 forms) are eligible for consider- 
ation for need-based financial aid. Awards 
from all sources may vary from year to year 
based upon criteria established by the college 
and other private or public agencies. Appeals 
for financial aid awards may be made in writing 
to the Financial Aid Appeals Committee. 


Eckerd College is a private, non-tax-supported 
institution. Tuition and fees pay only a portion 
(approximately 62 percent) of the educational 
costs per student. Thanks to the support of 
donors, the balance of costs is paid from 
endowment income and gifts from individuals, 
the Presbyterian Churches, and various cor- 

The following schedules list the principal 
expenses and regulations concerning the pay- 
ment of fees for the academic year 1986-87. 
All fees and expenses listed below are those in 
effect at the time of publication of the catalog. 
They are subject to change by the action of the 
Board of Trustees. When such changes are 
made, notice will be given as far in advance as 


The annual fees for full-time students for the 
1986-87 academic year include two semesters 
and one short term (autumn term for Fresh- 
men, winter term for upperclassmen). 

Resident Commuter 

Tuition $ 8,100i $ 8,100 

Room and Board 3,0202 




iThe full-time tuition fees cover a maximum of ten (10) 
course registrations plus one short term during the aca- 
demic year provided that no more than five courses are 
taken per semester. Students registering for more than 
five courses per semester or ten courses per year plus a 
short term course will be charged an additional tuition of 
$880 per course. A student registering for a year-long 
course may register for six courses in one semester and 
four in the other with no additional charges. 

2Students with home addresses outside the immediate 
vicinity of the college are requested to live on campus. 
Exceptions to the requirement may be made with the 
approval of the Director of Housing. Since resident students 
are required to participate in the board plan, all resident 
students will be charged for both room and board. 

A Students' Organization Fee of approximately 
$ 1 10 per academic year is collected in addition 
to the above charges. Cost of books and supplies 
will be approximately $350. 




Tuition (full-time) per semester: $3,610 

Tuition, autumn or winter term: $ 880 

Students' Organization Fee, per year: $ 110 



Double occupancy, each 
Double room 

single occupancy 
Single room 

Fall and 
short term 

$ 715 



$ 555 


Base room rate ($715 and $555) has been included 
in Comprehensive Charges. Charges above the base 
rate for single occupancy of double room or for 
single room will be added to Comprehensive 

Room Damage Deposit: $27.00 This deposit is 
required in anticipation of any damage which may 
be done to a dormitory room. If damage is in excess 
of the deposit, the balance will be charged to the 
student's account. Any balance left of the deposit 
will be refunded to the student upon leaving col- 

Fall and 

Board short term Spring 

21 meal plan: $980 $770 

15 meal plan: 895 705 

10 meal plan: 790 625 


Tuition per course: 

Students are considered part-time when they 
enroll for fewer than three courses per 


Tuition per course: 


Fee for students enrolling in more than five 
courses per semester or ten courses per year 
plus a short term. 

Tuition per course $230 

(no credit or evaluation) 

Full-time students may audit courses without 
fee with the permission of the instructor. 


Late payment after registration day: 

Amount of 
Unpaid Fees If Paid Late Charge 

0-$100 Within 30 days after 

registration day 

0-$100 After 30 days from 

registration day $50 

$101-$1,000 After registration day $50 

Over $1,000 After registration day $100 

Late preregistration $30. 

Late physical examination (for new students who have not had 

physical examination by registration day): $50. 


Acceptance Fee (new students): $100. 

A fee required of new students upon accept- 
ance by Eckerd College. This fee is not 
refundable and will be applied against the 
comprehensive charge. 

Accident Insurance (optional): to be an- 

An extension of accident insurance to 12 
months (nine months is included in compre- 
hensive charges). This may be purchased 
without health insurance. 


Application Fee (new students): $15. 

This fee accompanies the application for 
admission submitted by new students. 

Credit by Examination Fee: $460. 

A fee for an examination to determine pro- 
ficiency in a particular subject to receive 
course credit. 

Health Insurance (optional): to be announced 

Full twelve months of health insurance is 
available to all students upon completion of 
forms. The full twelve months of accident 
insurance is mandatory for all students 
desiring health insurance and is included in 
this fee. 

Lost Key Fee: $30. 

Resident students are issued keys to their rooms. 
The fee for replacing a lost key is $30. 

Orientation Fee (Freshmen only): $40. 

This fee partially covers the additional cost of 
special orientation activities provided for 

Readmission Fee: $25. 

This fee is required for each student returning 
for the succeeding academic year in order to 
hold the student's place in the next entering 
class and to reserve a room for each resident 
student. The fee will be applied against the 
comprehensive charge. 

Re-Examination Fee: $115. 

A fee for a re -examination of course material. 

Transcript Fee: $2. 

After an initial free transcript there is a $2 
charge per transcript. 

Transfer Students Orientation Fee: $10. 

Applied Music Fees: 

These fees apply even though music lessons 
are not taken for credit, and are fees in addition 
to regular tuition charges. 

Semester Year 

One hour per week $310 $620 

One half hour per week $155 $310 



Each full-time student is automatically covered 
by group accident insurance for the academic 
year (nine months) at no additional cost to the 
parents of the student. An extension of this 
accident insurance to cover the additional 
three-month period of the summer is available 
at a premium to be announced. An optional 
health-sickness policy is available, which would 
cover a twelve-month period. However, if the 
health-sickness policy is subscribed to for the 
period, it is compulsory to subscribe to the 
accident extension insurance for the additional 
summer three months at a fee to be announced 
for the combination. This is strongly recom- 
mended for all students and required for 
international students. The intent of this 
coverage is to supplement student's family 
policy coverage. Parents are advised to check 
any off-premise coverage for fire or theft that 
may be provided under their own policies. 


Occasionally international students, while 
studying at Eckerd College, will require medi- 
cal attention through local doctors, hospitals 
and clinics. To protect our international stu- 
dents from large medical bills while they are 
students at Eckerd, we require that all inter- 
national students subscribe to a Health and 
Accident Insurance Policy. The cost of this 
insurance policy is $65 per year.* The cost will 
be added to the college bill of the international 
student, and will be due and payable at the 
time of registration at Eckerd College. The 
coverage available through this policy protects 
the student for the full twelve months of the 
calendar year. The policy premium must be 
paid at registration for the first term at which 
the student arrives at Eckerd College, and 
then at registration for each subsequent fall 

*This amount is subject to change. 


Students should come prepared to pay all 
charges on the day of registration or should 
have payments from home mailed to reach the 
Eckerd College business office at least two 
weeks prior to the date of registration. No 
student shall be permitted to register for a 
given semester until all indebtedness for prior 
terms has been paid in full. 

Students who have unpaid bills at the college 
are subject to dismissal from the college and, 
as long as such payments remain unpaid, may 
not receive transcripts of credit or any diploma. 
Eckerd College does not have a deferred 
payment plan. Students de siring monthly pay- 
ment plans must make arrangements through 
one of the following companies. 

American Management Services, Inc. 
1110 Central Avenue 
Pawtucket, Rhode Island 02861 

Education Funds, Inc. 
EFI — Fund Management Corporation 
Presidential Plaza, Suite 3200 
Chicago, Illinois 60601 

Insured Tuition Payment Plan 
Attention: R.L. Bounds, C.L.U. 
1100 Universal Marion Building 
21 West Church Street 
Jacksonville, Florida 32202 

The Tuition Plan, Inc. 
Concord, New Hampshire 03301 

All arrangements and contracts are made 
directly between the parent and the tuition 
financing company. 


Students withdrawing within 25 days of the 
first class of any semester for reasons approved 
by the college will receive tuition refunds for 
that semester as follows: 

Within 7 days 75% 

Within 15 days 50% 

Within 25 days 25% 

After 25 days no refund 

Students withdrawing within 15 calendar days 
of the first class day of any short term (autumn 
term or winter term) will receive tuition refunds 
for that term as follows: 

Within 7 calendar days 50% 

Within 15 calendar days 25% 

After 15 days no refund 

Room charges for resident students are not 
refundable. Unused portion of meal tickets 
will be refunded on a pro-rata basis. 

Whenever a student is required to withdraw 
because of unsatisfactory conduct, no refund 
will be made. 

No refunds will be made to withdrawing stu- 
dents until the withdrawal process is com- 


If a student's withdrawal from Eckerd College 
results in cancelled charges of tuition, fees, or 
meals and if financial aid has been used to pay 
all or any portion of the charges, the federal 
financial aid programs from which the funds 
were awarded will be refunded first according 
to federal regulations. Also, if a student with- 
draws at any time during a semester, all Eckerd 
College grants/scholarship funds will be re- 
stored 100 percent to the college accounts. 
The above policies may result in a financial 
obligation which is payable at the time of 

Each student who withdraws must contact 
the Eckerd College Student Loan office to 
finalize any institutional loan or financial 




Faculty of the Collegium of 
Behavioral Science 

Jeffrey A. Howard 

Chair, Behavioral Science Collegium 

Assistant Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Valparaiso University 

M.S., Ph.D., Kansas State University 
Salvatore Capobianco 

Associate Professor ofPscyhology 

B.A., M.A., University of Kansas 

Ph.D., Rutgers University 
Mark H. Davis 

Assistant Professor of Psychology 

B.A., University of Iowa 

Ph.D., University of Texas, Austin 
Ted Dowd 

Associate Professor of Management 

and Finance 

B.G.E., University of Nebraska 

M.S.B.A., D.B.A., 

The George Washington University 
Michael G. Flaherty 

Assistant Professor of Sociology 

B.A., M.A., University of South Florida 

Ph.D., University of Illinois 
Diana L. Fuguitt 

Assistant Professor of Economics 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Ph.D., Rice University 
Peter K. Hammerschmidt 

Associate Professor of Economics 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Colorado State 
James R. Harley 

Associate Professor of Physical 

Director of Athletics 

B.S., Georgia Teachers College 

M.A., George Peabody College 
John Patrick Henry 

Assistant Professor of Sociology 

B.S., University of South Carolina 

M.A., Ph.D., University 
of Massachusetts 
Robert H. Lyon 

Assistant Professor of Accounting 
and Finance 

B.A., Montclair State College 

M.B.A., Seton Hall University 

C.P.A., Florida 
James M. MacDougall 

Professor of Psychology 

B.S., Highlands University, 
New Mexico 

M.A., Ph.D., Kansas State University 
Naveen K. Malhotra 

Assistant Professor of Management and 

M.B.A., University of Tampa 
John P. Mayotte 

Assistant Professor of Physical 

B.S., Castleton State College 

M.S., College of St. Rose 

M.A., University of South Florida 

Jacqueline Nicholson 

Assistant Professor of Marketing 
B.S., Wharton School, University of 

M.B.A., Drexel University 

Tom Oberhofer 
Professor of Economics 
B.S., Fordham University 
M.A., Ph.D., Rutgers University 

George S. Odiorne 
The Harold D. Holder 

Professor of Management 
B.S., Rutgers University 
M.B.A., Ph.D., New York University 

William Pyle 
Professor of Management 
Director of the Human Resources 

B.B.A., University of Notre Dame 
M.B.A., Butler University 
Ph.D., The University of Michigan 

Edward I. Stevens 
Associate Professor of 

Management Information Systems 
B.A., Davidson College 
M. Div., Harvard Divinity School 
Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 

Claud R. Sutcliffe 
Associate Professor of Political 

B.A., Pomona College 
M.A., Ph.D., Princeton University 

Robert B. Tebbs 
Professor of Industrial and 
Organizational Behavior 
B.A., University of Colorado 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Wyoming 

William E. Winston 
Associate Professor of Sociology 
B.A., Central Washington University 
M.A., Ph.D., Washington State 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Comparative Cultures 

Hendrick Serrie 

Chair, Comparative Cultures 

Associate Professor of 

Anthropology and International 

B.A., University of Wisconsin 
M.A., Ph.D., Northwestern 

Joseph M. Bearson 
Associate Professor of Marketing and 

International Business 
B.A., Brandeis University 
M.B.A., Columbia University 
Dudley E. DeGroot 
Professor of Anthropology 
B.A., University of West Virginia 
M.A., University of New Mexico 
Ph.D., Ohio State University 

Frank M. Figueroa 

Professor of Spanish and Hispanic Area 

B.S., Seton Hall University 
M.A., Ed.D., Columbia University 
Teachers College 
Henry E. Genz 
Professor of French Language and 

B.A., Emory University 
M.A., University of Wisconsin 
Ph.D., Case Western Reserve 
Gilbert L. Johnston 
Professor of Asian Studies 

and Religion 
B.A., Cornell University 
M.Div., Princeton Theological 

Ph.D., Harvard University 
Kenneth E. Keeton 
Professor of German Language and 

B.A., Georgetown College 
M.A., University of Kentucky 
Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Vivian A. Parsons 
Assistant Professor of Russian 
B.A., Brandeis University 
M.A.T., Harvard University 
William H. Parsons 
Professor of History 

and Russian Studies 
B.A., Grinnell College 
M.A., Harvard University 
Ph.D., Indiana University 
Pedro N. Trakas 
Professor of Spanish 
B.A., Wofford College 
M.A., Universidad Nacional de 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
LittD., Wofford College 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Creative Arts 

Molly K. Ransbury 

Chair, Creative Arts Collegium 

Professor of Education 

B.S., M.S., State University of New 

Ed.D., Indiana University 
Albert Howard Carter, III 

Professor of Comparative 
Literature and Humanities 

B.A., University of Chicago 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 
Nancy Corson Carter 

Associate Professor of Humanities 

B.A., Susquehanna University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 
James G. Crane 

Professor of Visual Arts 

B.A., Albion College 

M.A., State University of Iowa 

M.F.A., Michigan State University 


Sarah K. Dean 

Associate Professor of Human 

B.A., Georgetown College 

M.Re., Southern Baptist Theological 

M.A., George Peabody College 

Ed.D., Nova University 
John K. Eckert 

Artist in Residence 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.F.A., Cranbrook Academy of Art 
Joan Osborn Epstein 

Assistant Professor of Music 

B.A., Smith College 

M.M., Yale University School of Music 
Margaret L. Malchon 

Director of the Counseling Center 

Assistant Professor of Human Resources 

B.A., Emory University 

M.R.C., University of Florida 

M.A., Ph.D., University of South Florida 
J. Peter Meinke 

Professor of Literature 

B.A., Hamilton College 

M.A., University of Michigan 

Ph.D., University of Minnesota 
Richard A. Rice 

Professor of Theatre 

B.A., University of Denver 

M.A., Columbia University 

Ph.D., University of Utah 
Margaret R. Rigg 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 

B.A., Florida State University 

M.A., Presbyterian School of Christian 
Education, Richmond 
Arthur N. Skinner 

Assistant Professor of Visual Arts 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.V.A., Georgia State University 
Mark W. Smith 

Professor of Human Resources 

Dean of Students 

B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Ohio State University 
Claire A. Stiles 

Assistant Professor of Human Resources 

B.S., Rutgers University 

M.A., Southwest Texas State University 
William E. Waters 

Professor of Music 

B.A., University of North Carolina 

M.A., College of William and Mary 
Kathryn J. Watson 

Chair, Foundations Collegium 

Associate Professor of Education 

Director of Teacher Education 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 
V. Sterling Watson 

Associate Professor of Literature and 
Creative Writing 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., University of Florida 


Andra H. Weddington 

Assistant Professor of Theatre 
B.A., The University of Kansas 
M.A., The University of North Carolina 
M.F.A., The University of California, 

J. Thomas West 
Professor of Psychology and 

Human Resources 
B.S., Davidson College 
M.A., University of North Carolina 
Ph.D., Vanderbilt Uiversity 

Faculty of the Collegium of 

William F. McKee 

Chair, Letters Collegium 

Professor of History 

B.A., College of Wooster 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
Geraldine B. Blazey 

Director, Composition Program 

B.A., Mary Washington College, 
University of Virginia 

M.A., University of Rochester 

C.S.A., State University of New York 
Jewel Spears Brooker 

Associate Professor of Literature 

B.S., Stetson University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Florida 
David J. Bryant 

Assistant Professor of Religious Studies 

B.A., Harding College 

M.A., Abilene Christian College 

M.Div., Princeton Theological 
J. Stanley Chesnut 

Professor of Humanities and Religion 

B.A., University of Tulsa 

M.Div., McCormick Theological 

M.A., Ph.D., Yale University 
Julienne H. Empric 

Professor of Literature 

B.A. Nazareth College of Rochester 

M.A., York University 

Ph.D., University of Notre Dame 
Bruce V. Foltz 

Assistant Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., Sonoma State University 

M.A., Ph.D., Pennsylvania State 
Rejane P. Genz 

Professor of French Language and 

B.A., Sillery College, Quebec City 

License es lettres, Ph.D., Laval 
Judith M. Green 

Assistant Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., B.A., Michigan State University 

M.A., University of Minnesota 
Carolyn Johnston 

Associate Professor of 
American Studies 

B.A., Samford University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of California 

Olivia H. Mclntyre 

Assistant Professor of History 

B.A., Louisiana State University 

M.A., Ph.D., Stanford University 
Peter A. Pav 

Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., Knox College 

M.A., Ph.D., Indiana University 
Felix Rackow 

Professor of Political Science, 
Pre-Law Adviser 

B.S., M.A., Ph.D., Cornell University 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Natural Sciences 

John E. Reynolds, III 

Chair, Natural Sciences Collegium 

Associate Professor of Biology 

B.A., Western Maryland College 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Miami 
Wilbur F. Block 

Professor of Physics 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D., 
University of Florida 
Jessica M. Craig 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of South 
Harry W. Ellis 

Associate Professor of Physics 

B.S., Ph.D., Georgia Institute of 
John C. Ferguson 

Professor of Biology 

B.A., Duke University 

M.A., Ph.D., Cornell University 
Mark B. Fishman 

Assistant Professor of Computer Science 

B.A., Temple University 

M.A., University of Texas 
Edmund L. Gallizzi 

Associate Professor of Computer Science 

B.Sc, University of Florida 

M.Sc, Ph.D., University of 
Southwestern Louisiana 
Sheila D. Hanes 

Associate Professor of Biology 

B.A., Baylor University 

M.S., University of Illinois 

Ph.D., Ohio University 
Reggie L. Hudson 

Associate Professor of Chemistry 

B.A., Pfeiffer College 

Ph.D., University of Tennessee 
C. David Jennings 

Professor of Physical Oceanography 

B.A., Northwest Nazarene College 

M.S., Ph.D., Duke University 
George W. Lofquist 

Professor of Mathematics and 
Computer Science 

B.S., University of North Carolina 

M.S., Ph.D., Louisiana State University 
Billy H. Maddox 

Professor of Mathematics 

B.S., Troy State College 

M.Ed., University of Florida 

Ph.D., University of South Carolina 

John L. May 

Visiting Assistant 
Professor of Chemistry 
B.S., University of Florida 
Ph.D., University of South Florida 
Robert C. Meacham 

Professor of Mathematics 

B.A., Southwestern at Memphis 

Sc.M., Ph.D., Brown University 
Richard Neithamer 

Professor of Chemistry 

B.A., Allegheny College 

Ph.D., Indiana University 
William B. Roess 

Professor of Biology 

B.S., Blackburn College 

Ph.D., Florida State University 
William O. Sayre 

Assistant Professor of Marine Geology 

B.S., Western Washington University 

Ph.D., University of Southhampton, 
Alan L. Soli 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry 

B.A., Augsburg College 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
Joel C. Trexler 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.Sc, University of South Carolina 

M.Sc, Florida State University 
Walter O. Walker 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

B.S., Eckerd College 

M.S., Ph.D., Clemson University 

Foundations Collegium 

Kathryn J. Watson 

Foundations Collegium Chair 
Creative Arts Collegium 
Geraldine B. Blazey 
Director, Composition Program 
Letters Collegium 

Library Faculty 

Larry Hardesty 

Director, Library Services 

Associate Professor 

B.A., M.S., Kearney State College 

M.A., University of Wisconsin 

M.S., Ph.D., Indiana University 
Elisa M. Hansen 

Technical Services Librarian 

Assistant Professor 

B.A., Florida State University 

M.A., Southern Methodist University 

M.A., University of South Florida 
Jamie A. Hastreiter 

Systems Planning and Serials Librarian 

Assistant Professor 

B.A., The State University of 

New York, Geneseo 

M.L.S., Kent State University 

David W. Henderson 

Instructional Services and Collection 

Development Librarian 
Associate Professor 
B.A., University of Connecticut 
M.S., Ohio University 
M.S.L.S., Florida State University 


James R. Harley 

Director of Athletics 

Associate Professor of Physical 
Cecilia D. Bloodworth 

Coordinator, Women's Athletics 

B.A., LaGrange College 

M.Ed., West Georgia College 
John P. Mayotte 

Head Baseball Coach 

Assistant Professor 
of Physical Education 


Clark L. Allen 

Professor Emeritus of Economics 

Ph.D., Duke University 
Clark H. Bouwman 

Professor Emeritus of Sociology 

Ph.D., New School for Social 
Richard R. Bredenberg 

Professor Emeritus of Education 

Ph.D., New York University 
Burr C. Brundage 

Professor Emeritus of Hisotry 

Ph.D., University of Chicago 
Alan W. Carlsten 

Professor Emeritus of Religious Studies 
and Speech Communications 

M.Div., McCormick Theological 
Tennyson P. Chang 

Professor Emeritus of Asian Studies 

Ph.D., Georgetown University 
Irving G. Foster 

Professor emeritus of Physics 

Ph.D., University of Virginia 
Keith W. Irwin 

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

M.Div., Garrett Theological Seminary 
E. Ashby Johnson 

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 
and Religion 

Th.D., Union Theological 
Seminary, Virginia 
William H. Kadel 

President Emeritus 

Th.D., Union Theological 
Seminary, Virginia 
Anne A. Murphy 

Professor Emerita of Political Science 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 

George K. Reid 

Professor Emeritus of Biology 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
Dudley E. Smith 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 

Ph.D., University of Michigan 
Ruth R. Trigg 

Registrar Emerita 

B.A., University of Kentucky 
Frances M. Whitaker 

Registrar Emerita 

M.A., Columbia University 
William C. Wilbur 

Professor Emeritus of History 

Ph.D., Columbia University 




Peter H. Armacost 


B.A., Denison University 

Ph.D., University of Minnesota 
David B. Cozad 


B.A., Eckerd College 

M.Div., Union Tehological 
Seminary, Virginia 

M.S.P., Florida State University 
Joan B. Fry 

Executive Assistant to the President 

B.A., M.A., University of California, 
William Pyle 

Director of the Human Resources 

Professor of Management 


Lloyd W. Chapin 

Vice President and Dean of Faculty 

B.A., Davidson College 

M.Div., Ph.d., Union Theological 
Seminary, New York 
Sheila M. Johnston 

Director, International Education 
and Off-Campus Programs 

M.A., Pennsylvania State University 
K. Russell Kennedy 


B.S., Northeastern University 

M.Ed., Suffolk University 
Sharon Setterlind 

Director of the Computer Center 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Kathryn J. Watson 

Associate Dean of Faculty 
for General Education 

Associate Professor of Education 


James E. Deegan 

Dean of Special Programs 
B.S., State University 

of New York, Buffalo 
M.S., Ed.D., Indiana 

Gerald Dreller 
Associate Dean of Special Programs 
Director, Program for Experienced 

Assistant Professor of Modern 

B.A., Trinity College 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Illinois 

Margaret R. Bergenstjerna 

Administrative Assistant to the Dean 
Linda Blalock 

Director of Marketing 

B.A., University of Pennsylvania 

M.A., Emerson College 
Dana Cozad 

Director, Life, Learning and Vocation 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.S.W., Florida State University 
Cheryl C. Gold 

Coordinator, Summer Programs 

B.A., City College of New York 
Linda Rudy 

Financial Aid Coordinator, PEL 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Carol Ungerleider 

Admissions Counselor 

B.A., Moravian College 

M.A., Eastern Michigan University 


John L Laske 

Vice President, Church Relations 

B.A., Carroll College 

B.D., McCormick Theological 

D.D., Carroll College 

William G. "Bing" McCrea 
Director of Public Relations 
B.Sc, University of Florida 

Dennis Sercombe 
Director of Publications 
B.S., M.A., University of Florida 
Ed.S., University of Virginia 

Claire Johnston-Henry 
Administrative Assistant to the 
Director of Public Relations 
B.A., Eckerd College 


Jackson O. Hall 

Vice President for Development 
B.A., Dartmouth College 
M.Ed., Ed.D., Cornell 
James N. Cook 
Director, Alumni Relations and 

The Annual Fund 
B.A., DePauw University 
Carol J. Hardesty 
Director, Development Support 

B.A., Kearney State College 
M.A.T., DePauw University 
Sallyanne Nichols 
Director, Corporate and 
Foundations Relations 
B.A., Florida State University 


Richard R. Hallin 

Dean of Admissions 

Associate Professor of Political Science 

B.A., Occidental College 

B.A., M.A., Exeter College, 
Oxford University, England 

Ph.D., Columbia University 
Kathy Sue Dunmire 

Associate Dean of Admissions 
and Coordinator of New Student 
Financial Aid 

B.A., Maryville College 
Eric W. Boelkins 

Assistant Dean of Admissions 

B.A., Wake Forest University 

M.Div., Vanderbilt University 
Andrew Hepburn 

Admissions Counselor 

B.A., Eckerd College 
J. Timothy Martin 

Admissions Counselor 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Margaret W. Morris 

Director of Financial Aid 

B.S., University of Arkansas 

M.A., Wake Forest University 
Evelyn Cardona Nelson 

Assistant Director of Financial Aid 

B.S., Eckerd College 


Harold M. May, CPA 

Vice President for Finance 
Shirley D. Amedeo, B.A. 

Director of Personnel 
Alan W. Bunch, B.A. 

J.T. Tom Meiners 

Director, Physical Plant and Services 


Mark W. Smith 

Dean of Students 

Professor of Human Resources 

P.D., Ohio State University 
Sharon M. Covert 

Director of Career Services 

M.B.A., University of South 
William C. Covert 

Director, Waterfront Activities 

ARC Instructor 
Barbara J. Ely, R.N. 

Director of Nursing Services 
Susan Hopp 

Associate Dean of Students 

Director of Housing 

M.A., Indiana University 
R. Barry McDowell 

Director of Campus Activities 

M.S., Indiana University 

M.S., Florida International 


Margaret L. Malchon 

Director of the Counseling 

Assistant Professor of 

Human Resources 
Ph.D., University of South Florida 
Lena Wilfalk 
Director of Minority and 

International Student Affairs 
M.A., University of South 



David J. Fischer 

Gus A. Stavros 

Vice Chairman 
Peter H. Armacost 

Thomas A. James 

Harold M. May 

Joan Fry 

Assistant Secretary 


Dr. Sherwood A. Anderson 

Winter Park Presbyterian Church 

Winter Park, Florida 
Dr. Peter H. Armacost 

President, Eckerd College 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Sherman E. Armstrong 

Silver Springs Shores 
Presbyterian Church 

Ocala, Florida 
Mr. Donald D. Buchanan 

NCNB National Bank 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. James A. Christison 

Christison Communities, Inc. 

Clearwater, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Richard M. Cromie 

First Presbyterian Church 

Fort Lauderdale, Florida 
The Rev. Thomas J. Cumming 

Plantation United Presbyterian 
Church . 

Plantation, Florida 
Mr. David Eachus 

Paine Webber 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Ms. Betty Easley 

Florida House of Representatives 

Largo, Florida 
Mr. William B. Faber 

Media General Broadcast Group 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. David J. Fischer 

Fischer, Johnson, Allen and 
Burke, Inc. 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Harrison W. Fox 

St. Petersburg, Florida 

Mr. John W. Galbraith 

Securities Fund Investors, Inc. 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. Royce Haiman 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Kendrick Hardcastle, III 
Hardcastle Industries 
Tampa, Florida 
The Rev. Lacy R. Harwell 
Maximo Presbyterian Church 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Lee Henderson 
Associated Consultants in Education 
Tallahassee, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. C. Thomas Hilton 
First Presbyterian Church 
Pompano Beach, Florida 
Mr. Alfred Hoffman, Jr. 
Hoffman Associates, Inc. 
Tampa, Florida 
Mr. Harold D. Holder 
American Agronomics Corporation 
Tampa, Florida 
Mr. William R. Hough 
William R. Hough and Co. 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Thomas A. James 
R. J. Financial Corporation 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Althea H. Jenkins 
New College of the 

University of South Florida 
Sarasota, Florida 
Dr. Franklyn A. Johnson 

North Miami, Florida 
Dr. William H. Kadel 
President Emeritus 
Eckerd College 
Lake City, Florida 
Mr. John E. Kearney 
J.K. Financial Corporation 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. Jackie Kent 
Director of Education 
First Presbyterian Church 
Pensacola, Florida 
Mr. Robert O. Lintz 
American Financial Corporation 
Cincinnati, Ohio 
Dr. Warren Bryan Martin 
The Carnegie Foundation for the 

Advancement of Teaching 
Princeton, New Jersey 
Mrs. Raymond R. Mason 

Jacksonvlle, Florida 
Mr. Robert A. Morris 
Ramar Group Companies, Inc. 
Sarasota, Florida 
The Rev. Roland P. Perdue, III 
Riverside Presbyterian Church 
Jacksonville Florida 
Dr. Jane Arbuckle Petro 

New York Medical College 
Bedford Hills, New York 
Mr. Russell A. Post 
Ocean Reef Club 
North Key Largo, Florida 

Mr. Arthur J. Ranson, III 


Orlando, Florida 
Dr. Felix C. Robb 

Atlanta, Georgia 
Mrs. Barbara Roper 

Contour Groves, Inc. 

Winter Garden, Florida 
Dr. Frederick A. Russ 

University of North Carolina 

Chapel Hill, North Carolina 
Mr. Johnson Savary 

Kirk, Pinkerton, Sparrow, 
McClelland, and Savary 

Sarasota, Florida 
Mrs. G. Ballard Simmons 

Jacksonville, Florida 
Mr. Les R. Smout 

Jack Eckerd, Inc. 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. Gus A. Stavros 

Better Business Forms, Inc. 

Pinellas Park, Florida 
Mr. James T. Swann, III 

Cocoa, Florida 
Mr. Stewart Turley 

Jack Eckerd Corporation 

Clearwater, Florida 
Dr. Edward Uprichard 

University of South Florida 

Tampa, Florida 
Mrs. John P. Wallace 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Thomas A. Watson 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Stanley P. Whitcomb, Jr. 

Realtec, Inc. 

Naples, Florida 
Mrs. Jean Giles Wittner 

Centerbanc Savings 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. W.H. Zemp 

The Bill Zemp Company 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Frank M. Hubbard 

Orlando, Florida 


The Rev. Dr. Harvard A. Anderson 

Longwood, Florida 
Mr. W.D. Bach 

Pensacola, Florida 
Dr. Gordon W. Blackwell 

Greenville, South Carolina 
The Rev. Clem E. Bininger 

Fort Lauderdale, Florida 
Mr. Charles Creighton 

Fort Lauderdale, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. John B. Dickson 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mrs. J. Morton Douglas 

Lakeland, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Paul M. Edris 

Daytona Beach, Florida 
Mr. J. Colin English 

Tallahassee, Florida 
Mrs. Mildred Ferris 

St. Petersburg, Florida 


Mrs. Charles G. Gambrell 

New York, New York 
Mr. Willard A. Gortner 

Clearwater, Florida 
Senator Ben Hill Griffin, Jr. 

Frostproof, Florida 
Mrs. Lorena C. Hannahs 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Stephen R. Kirby 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Oscar R. Kreutz 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Philip J. Lee 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. E. Colin Lindsey 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. Alfred A. McKethan 

Brooksville, Florida 
Mr. William F. O'Neill 

Long Boat Key, Florida 
Mr. Douglas K. Porteus 

North Palm Beach, Florida 
Mrs. Woodbury Ransom 

Charlevoix, Michigan 
Dr. Joseph H. Reason 

Tallahasse, Florida 
Dr. J. Wayne Reitz 

Gainesville, Florida 
Mr. Robert T. Sheen 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. John W. Sterchi 

Orlando, Florida 
Mr. William W. Upham 

St. Petersburg Beach, Florida 
Mr. David L. Wilt 

Washington, D.C. 


Dr. Michael M. Bennett 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Frank Byars 

Indian Shores, Florida 
Mr. J. Leo Chapman 

West Palm Beach, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Jack G. Hand 

Jacksonville Beach, Florida 
Mr. Benjamin G. Parks 

Naples, Florida 

It is the policy of Eckerd College not to discriminate on the basis of sex, age, handicap, race or 
color, or national origin in its educational programs, activities, admissions, or employment 
policies as required by Title IX of the 1972 education amendement and other federal and state 
legislation. Inquiries regarding compliance with Title IX and other non-discriminatory codes 
may be directed to Dr. Richard Hallin, Dean of Administration, Eckerd College, St. Petersburg, 
Florida 33733 813/867-1166. Eckerd College is an equal opportunity employer. 



INDEX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 

Academic Calendar 5 

Academic Credit 18 

Academic Exemption Petitions 16 

Academic Minor 23 

Academic Policies 16 

Academic Program 5 

Academic Progress Standards 20 

Academy of Senior Professionals 15 

Accounting 23 

Accreditation 1 

Administration 108 

Admission 91 

Early Admission 92 

Equivalency Certificates 92 

Freshman 91 

International Students 93 

Procedures after Acceptance 92 

Transfer 91 

Adult Education 14 

Advanced Placement 92 

Aesthetic Perspective Courses 23 

Afro-American Society 90 

American Studies 25 

Anthropology 25 

Area of Concentration/Major 18 

ArmyROTC 12 

Art 27 

Athletics 90 

Auditing Classes 21 

Autumn Term 5,84 

Behavioral Science, Collegium of 8 

Biology 29 

Board of Trustees 109 

Business Administration 31 

Calendar, Academic 5 

Calendar of Events, 1986-87 114 

Calendar of Events, 1987-88 115 

Campus Life 86 

Career-Service Program 14 


Chemistry 31 

Child Development 40 

Co-Curricular Program 9 

Co-Curricular Record 9 

College Entrance Examinations 91 

College Level Examination Program (CLEP) ... 93 

Collegium Concept 6 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Christian Values 2 

Faculty to Students 2 

General Education 2 

Human Relationships 3 

Individual Development 2 

Integration of Liberal Arts and 

Career Preparation 3 

Pace-Setting Institution 3 

Comparative Cultures, Collegium of 8 

Comparative Literature 32 

Composition 33 

Comprehensive Examinations 17 

Computation Competency Requirement 16 

Computer Science 33 

Costs 100 

Counseling Services 89 

Course and Major Descriptions 23 

Course Requirements 18 

Course Numbers and Letters Explanation 23 

Creative Arts, Collegium of 8 

Creative Writing 35 

Credit, Academic 18 

Credit/No Credit Grading 19 

Cross-Cultural Perspective Courses 36 

Cultural Activities and Entertainment 88 

Dance 82 

Day Students 90 

Dean's List 21 

Deferred Admissions 92 

Degree Requirements, B.A 16 

Degree Requirements, B.S 17 

Demonstrated Proficiency 18 

Directed Study 18 

Directed Study Courses 37 

Dismissal, Academic 20 

Early Admissions 92 

Early Childhood Certification 40 

Earth Sciences 43 

East Asian Area Studies 38 

Economics 38 

Education 39 

Elementary Education 39 

Employment on Campus 100 

Engineering Dual Degree Program 12 

Entertainment and Cultural Activities 88 

Environmental Perspective Courses 42 

Environmental Studies 43 

Examination, Comprehensive 17 

Expenses 100 

Experienced Learners, Program for 14 

Extracurricular Activities Suspension 20 

Faculty and Administration 105 

Fees 101 

Finance and Investments 43 

Financial Aid 94 

Academic Standards of 

Satisfactory Progress 94 

Employment 100 

Grants 98 

Loans 99 

Renewals 100 

Scholarships 95 

Social Security Benefits 98 

Veteran's Benefits 98 

Withdrawal Refund 103 

Foreign Language Competency Requirement ... 16 

Foundations Collegium 7 

French 43 

General Education 6 

Geography 44 

German 45 

Grade Reports 19 

Grading System 19 

Graduation Requirements 16 

Grants 98 

Health Form 90 

Health Services 89 

History 46 

Honors at Graduation 21 

Honors Program 17 


INDEX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 

Humanities 51 

Human Resources 49 

Human Resources Institute 11 

Incomplete Grades 19 

Independent Study 18 

International Business 51 

International Education 12 

International Students 13 

International Student Admission 93 

International Studies 51 

Insurance 102 

Interview, Admission 92 

Italy Offerings 52 

Japanese 52 

Judaeo - Christian Perspective Course 52 

Leisure Services 49 

Letters, Collegium of 8 

Library 10 

Linguistics 53 

Literature 52 

Loans 99 

London Offerings 57 

Major/ Area of Concentration Requirements .... 18 

Major and Course Descriptions 23 

Management 58 

Marine Science 62 

Marketing 63 

Mathematics 63 

Medical Technology 64 

Mentors 5 

Military Science 65 

Minor, Academic 23 

Minority Students 90 

Modern Language 65 

Music 65 

Natural Sciences, Collegium of 8 

Off-Campus Programs 13 

Organizations and Clubs 88 

Payment Methods 102 

Personnel and Human Resources Management ... 67 

Perspective Courses 16 

Petitions, Academic Exemption 16 

Philosophy 67 

Philosophy/Religion 69 

Physical Education 69 

Physics 69 

Policies, Academic 16 

Political Science 70 

Pre-Professional Programs 10 

Probation, Academic 20 

Program for Experienced Learners 14 

Portuguese 71 

Psychology 72 

Readmission of Students 93 

Refunds 103 

Registration 21 

Religious Life 88 

Religion/Philosophy 69 

Religious Studies/Religious Education 73 

Requirements for Degree 

Autumn Term 16 

Comprehensive Examination/Thesis 17 

Computation Competency 16 

Degree 16 

Foreign Language Competency 16 

Major/ Area of Concentration 16 

Perspective Courses 16 

Residency 16 

Senior Seminars 16 

Transfer Students 17 

Western Heritage 16 

Winter Term 16 

Writing Competency 16 

Research Design and Statistics 81 

Residency Requirement 16 

Resident Advisor Internship 75 

Room and Board 100 

ROTC, Army 12 

Russian Studies 75 

St. Petersburg, the City 87 

Satisfactory Academic Progress 20 

Satisfactory Academic Progress for 

Financial Aid 94 

Scholarships • 95 

Sea Semester 13,76 

Secondary Education 40 

Semester Abroad 12 

Senior Comprehensives, Theses, Projects 17 

Senior Seminars 77 

Social Relations Perspective Courses 77 

Social Security Benefits 98 

Sociology 78 

Spanish 80 

Special Academic Frograms 10 

Statistics and Research Design 81 

Student Activities 88 

Student Government 87 

Student Life 86 

Student Publications 88 

Summer Term 14 

Teacher Education 11 

Theatre 81 

Theses, Senior 17 

Transfer Admission 91 

Transfer of Credit 92 

Transfer Student Requirements 17 

Tuition and Fees 100 

Veteran's Benefits 98 

Veteran's Benefits, Winter Term 6 

Visual Arts 27 

Waterfront Program 88 

Western Heritage 16,83 

Winter Term 6,84 

Winter Term Abroad 12 

Withdrawal and Financial Aid 103 

Withdrawal from College 21 

Withdrawal Grades 19 

Writing Center 12 

Writing Competency Requirement 16 

Writing Workshop 35 

Year Abroad 12 




Fri., Aug. 8 
Sat, Aug. 9 
Mon., Aug. 25 

Thurs., Aug. 28 
Fri., Aug. 29 
Sat., Aug. 30 


Sun., Aug. 31 
Tues., Sept. 2 

Wed., Sept. 3 
Wed., Sept. 10 
Fri., Sept. 12 
Thurs.-Fri., Oct. 9-10 

Fri., Oct. 24 

Mon.-Wed., Nov. 3-5 

Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 27-28 
Fri., Dec. 5 
Mon.-Fri., Dec. 8-12 
Sat, Dec. 13 


Mon., Jan. 5 

Tues., Jan. 6 
Wed., Jan. 7 

Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 29-30 
Fri., Jan. 30 


Mon., Feb. 2 

Tues., Feb. 3 
Thurs., Feb. 12 
Wed., Mar. 25 

Sat, Mar. 28 
Mon., April 6 
Tues., April 7 
Thurs.-Fri., April 9-10 
Thurs., April 16 
Fri., April 17 
Tues.-Wed., April 21-22 

Fri., May 15 
Mon.-Fri., May 18-22 
Sun., May 24 
Mon., May 25 


June 1-July 24 
June 1-June 26 
June 29-July 24 

Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 3:00 p.m. 

Autumn term begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Completed Freshman preference sheets for fall semester courses are returned 

to Registrar 

Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. for new students for fall semester 

Orientation for new students 

End of autumn term 

Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 a.m. 

Registration and financial clearance for fall semester, returning and new 


Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Opening Convocation 

End of drop/add period for fall semester courses 

All students fill our preference sheets for winter term and return them to 

the Registrar 

Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 

All students fill out preference sheets for spring semester courses and return 

them to the Registrar 

Thanksgiving holiday; no classes 

Last day of classes 

Examination period 

Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses reopen at 9:00 a.m. Financial clearance for all new 
students. New student registation/orientation for winter term. Returning 
students are not registered until they check in with Registrar 

Winter term begins at 9:00 a.m. All projects meet first day 

Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; last day to change 
project or withdraw from winter term with W grade 
First comprehensive examination period 
Winter term ends at 4:30 p.m. 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. Financial clearance 

and registration for spring semester, all students 

Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

End of drop/add period for spring semester courses 

Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 

Spring recess begins. No classes. Residence houses close at 5:00 p.m. 

Residence houses reopen at 9:00 a.m. 

Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 

Second comprehensive examination period 

Mentor conferences and contracts for 1987-88 

Good Friday; no classes 

All students fill out preference sheets for all semester courses, 1987 and return 

them to the Registrar 

Last day of classes 

Examination period 


Residence houses close at noon 

Summer Term 
Session A 
Session B 



Fri., Aug. 7 
Sat, Aug. 8 
Mon., Aug. 24 

Thurs., Aug. 27 
Fri., Aug. 28 
Sat., Aug. 29 


Sun., Aug. 30 
Tues., Sept. 1 

Wed., Sept. 2 
Wed., Sept. 9 
Fri., Sept. 11 
Thurs.-Fri., Oct. 8-9 

Fri., Oct. 23 

Mon.-Wed., Nov. 2-4 

Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 26-27 
Fri., Dec. 4 
Mon.-Fri., Dec. 7-11 
Sat., Dec. 12 


Mon., Jan. 4 

Tues., Jan. 5 
Wed., Jan. 6 

Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 28-29 
Fri., Jan. 29 


Mon., Feb. 1 

Tues., Feb. 2 
Thurs., Feb. 11 
Wed., Mar. 23 

Thurs., Mar. 26 
Tues., April 5 
Wed., April 6 
Thurs.-Fri., April 7-8 
Thurs. April 14 
Tues.-Wed., April 19-20 

Fri., May 13 
Mon.-Fri., May 16-20 
Sun., May 22 
Mon., May 23 


June 6-July 29 
June 6-July 1 
July 5-July 29 

Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 3:00 p.m. 

Autumn term begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Completed Freshman preference sheets for fall semester courses are returned 

to Registrar 

Residence houses open at 9:00 a.m. for new students for fall semester 

Orientation for new students 

End of autumn term 

Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 a.m. 

Registration and financial clearance for fall semester, returning and new 


Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Opening Convocation 

End of drop/add period for fall semester courses 

All students fill out preference sheets for winter term and return them to 

the Registrar 

Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 

All students fill out preference sheets for spring semester courses and return 

them to the Registrar 

Thanksgiving holiday; no classes 

Last day of classes 

Examination period 

Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses reopen at 9:00 a.m. Financial clearance for all new 
students. New student registation/orientation for winter term. Returning 
students are not registered until they check in with Registrar 
Winter term begins at 9:00 a.m. All projects meet first day 

Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; last day to 
change project or withdraw from winter term with W grade 
First comprehensive examination period 
Winter term ends at 4:30 p.m. 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. Financial clearance 

and registration for spring semester, all students 

Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

End of drop/add period for spring semester courses 

Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change 

from audit to credit 

Spring recess begins. No classes. Residence houses close at 5:00 p.m. 

Residence houses reopen at 9:00 a.m. 

Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 

Second comprehensive examination period 

Mentor conferences and contracts for 1988-89 

All students fill out preference sheets for fall semester courses, 1988 and 

return them to the Registrar 

Last day of classes 

Examination period 


Residence houses close at noon 

Summer Term 
Session A 
Session B 


Only from a campus visit can you judge if the school 
and your expectations "fit." 

Plan to take a campus tour, sit in on a class, 
visit with our professors and students, and take 
time to see the area. 

Also, try to visit when classes are in session. 
Check the academic calendar before planning 
your visit. We ask only one thing of you: give 
us some advance notice of your arrival — a few 
days is fine. Call us or drop us a line — the 
Admissions staff will be happy to work 
with you. 

The Admissions office is open from 8:30 a.m. 
to 5:00 p.m. on weekdays; from 9:00 a.m. 
to noon on Saturday; summer hours are 
weekdays 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. 

For best results, please direct all 
correspondence prior to your acceptance 
to the Dean of Admissions. 



For prompt handling, please address inquiries as indicated below: 

Academic Affairs Dean of Faculty 

Adult Programs Dean of Special Programs 

Admissions Dean of Admissions 

Alumni Relations Director of Alumni Relations 

Business Affairs Vice President for Finance 

Church Relations Vice President for Church Relations 

Events at the College Director of Public Relations 

Financial Aid to Students Director of Financial Aid 

Financial Assistance to the College Vice President for Development 

Payment of Fees Student Accounts 

Student Housing Director of Housing 

Student Interests and Counseling Dean of Students 

Summer School Coordinator, Summer School 

Transcripts, Grades, and Academic Achievement Registrar 

Visitors are welcome to Eckerd College. The administration offices are open Monday 
through Friday from 8:30 to 5:00. Visitors desiring interviews with members of the 
staff are urged to make appointments in advance. 


4200-54th Avenue South, P.O. Box 12560, St. Petersburg, Florida 33733 
Telephone (813) 867-1166 



: 'Jtm 



Ills H 



■ ■■".'■ ; 

MSlifflS mi liWM